Allan Rohan Crite Drawing African American Artist Signed 1930's 12" X 15"

$500.00 Buy It Now 29d 9h, FREE Shipping, eBay Money Back Guarantee

Seller: collectiblecollectiblecollectible (554) 100%, Location: Ann Arbor, Michigan, Ships to: US & many other countries, Item: 332962482485 A DRAWING BY AFRICAN AMERICAN ARTIST ALLAN ROHAN CRITE MEASURING OVERALL 12" x 15" INCHES C1930'S GRAPHITE ON PAPER. THE ARTWORK MEASURES APPROXIMATELY 8 1/2" X 11 1/4" INCHES Allan Rohan Crite was a significant biographer of urban African-American life in Boston during the 1930s and 1940s. Crite was born in Plainfield, New Jersey, and moved to Boston during his youth and has lived there ever since. He studied at Boston University, the Massachusetts School of Art, the Boston Museum of Fine Arts School, and Harvard University, and was awarded degrees from the last two institutions. Crite has never married. What makes this item extra special is that it has great provenance. This was obtained from Alma O. Lebrecht's estate in the spring of 2006 in Bantam, CA. She passed away at the age of 103 and she was th instructor at the Boston Museum School where Allan R. Crite went to school in Boston. The work is titled Chinese Legend - Rider Following Wicked Ogre Allan Rohan Crite has signed the work in the lower right of the work. The work is attached to paper and the largest paper has the last name of his teacher LeBrecht! Crite, Allan Rohan. (Plainfield, NJ, 1910-Boston, MA, 2007) Bibliography and Exhibitions MONOGRAPHS AND SOLO EXHIBITIONS: Bible. N.T. and ALLAN ROHAN CRITE (engravings). The Revelation of St. John the Divine. New York: The Limited Editions Club, 1995. An important contemporary revisualization of the apocalyptic Biblical text that has inspired so many artists and writers such as Dante, Durer and Milton. Text plus 15 original relief engravings (plate size 9 5/8 x 7 1/4 in.) by Crite printed on Japanese paper, mounted on large sheets of handmade heavyweight Italian paper. Typeface design by Dan Carr. Signed on limitation page by Crite. [Also issued as portfolio with all works individually signed.] Folio (16 x 22 inches), hand bound in burgundy linen, in black Italian cotton-covered clamshell box, with gold-stamped leather title inset. Limited numbered ed. of 300. Boston (MA). Boston Athenaeum. ALLAN CRITE's Boston. 1997. Exhibition announcement. Card. Boston (MA). Boston Public Library South End Branch. ALLAN ROHAN CRITE: Work from the Permanent Collection of the Boston Public Library. September 24-November 5, 2002. This exhibition was the centerpiece of a neighborhood-wide collaborative tribute to Dr. Crite. Other Crite exhibits in the South End included: In Allan Rohan Crite’s Footsteps at Gallery at the Piano Factory (October 4-28) featuring work by local artists who have been mentored by or influenced by Dr. Crite; and In Honor of Dr. Crite featuring Crite memorabilia and work by Guadulesa and Theresa-India Young at the Children’s Art Centre at United South End Settlements (September 6- October 4). Boston (MA). Museum of Afro-American History. The Lost and Found Paintings of ALLAN ROHAN CRITE. 1982. 8 pp. exhib. cat. Text by Byron Rushing. Boston (MA). Museum of the National Center of Afro-American Artists. ALLAN ROHAN CRITE. 1975. Solo exhibition of 18 pen, ink and brush drawings of street scenes in the South End created in 1938-1940. Boston (MA). Museum of the National Center of Afro-American Artists. In Memory of ALLAN ROHAN CRITE (1910-2007). Thru July, 2008. Solo exhibition of over fifty works from the Museum's collection. Clark, Edward. Annamae Palmer Crite and ALLAN ROHAN CRITE: Mother and Artist Son - An Interview. 1979. In: Melus: The Journal for the Society of Multi-Ethnic Literature of the United States, Vol. 6, No. 4 (Winter 1979), pp. 67-(78), 3 b&w illus. 8vo (23 cm.), wraps. Columbus (OH). Ohio HIstorical Center. Were You There: An Illustrated Spiritual by ALLAN ROHAN CRITE. December 12, 2009-February 28, 2010. Solo exhibition. CRITE, ALLAN ROHAN. All Glory: Brush Drawing Meditations of the Prayer of Consecration. Cambridge: Society of St. John the Evangelist, 1947. Unpaginated artist's book of images, containing 24 pages of black pen illustrations based on the Prayer of Consecration from the American Book of Common Prayer, with the artist's handwritten text, half-title, title page and glossary page, all reproduced on the recto side of each page only. 8vo, gilt stamped blue cloth, pictorial d.j. First ed. CRITE, ALLAN ROHAN. An Autobiographical Sketch. N.d.. Unpublished manuscript. Boston: Suffolk University archives, donated 1984. CRITE, ALLAN ROHAN. Apostles' Creed. N.p., n.d. (c.1964). 12 pp., illus. consisting of religious line drawings with captions in English and Spanish. Printed on one side only. Oblong 8vo (22 cm.), red paper covers. CRITE, ALLAN ROHAN. Is It Nothing to You?. Boston: Department of Social Service, Episcopal Diocese of Massachusetts, 1948. Unpag. (13 pp.) booklet, 7 illus. (including cover) of ink drawings created for this publication, with a printed Biblical verse and explanation of the subject of each drawing on opposing pages. "Drawings designed to show the Passion of Christ against the background of our modern world." An early work by Crite in the format of his Three Spirituals from Earth to Heaven, but the images are more everyday, relaxed and depict commuters, political rallies and specific Boston locations as the setting for the Passion. 8vo, stapled pictorial wraps. First ed. CRITE, ALLAN ROHAN. Recollections of My Childhood. 1976. 1 volume: 4 pp. intro., 44 b&w illus. and 1 color illus. (plate 36), consisting of photocopies of watercolor drawings with text captions. A visual recounting of the artist's childhood in Boston. The captions are also incorporated into the introductory text. All images are signed and dated 1976. [Collection of The Boston Athenaeum, Boston, MA, Gift of the artist.] Sheets 28 x 20.7 cm., volume 28.2 x 22.1 cm. CRITE, ALLAN ROHAN. Some Impressions of Paige Academy, 149 Roxbury Street, Roxbury, MA. Allan Rohan Crite, 1977. 22 pp., 8 color illus. with captions. Oblong 4to, wraps. Limited ed. of 100 numbered copies. CRITE, ALLAN ROHAN. Three Spirituals from Earth to Heaven. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1948. Brief text and 72 full-page illustrations with corresponding small vignettes on opposite page, reproduced from Crite's brush and ink drawings, illustrating a trilogy of spirituals selected by Crite "Nobody Knows the Trouble I See," "Swing Low, Sweet Chariot," and "Heaven." An unusual artist's book. 4to, cloth, pictorial d.j. First edition. CRITE, ALLAN ROHAN. Towards a Rediscovery of the Cultural Heritage of the United States. Boston: Boston Athenaeum, 1968. 23 pp. text, pictorial front cover. Intro. Walter Muir Whitehill. Roughly one third of the text focuses on the changing role of Africans in the Americas. 8vo, pictorial stapled wraps. First ed. CRITE, ALLAN ROHAN. Were you there when they crucified my Lord. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1944. A Negro Spiritual in Illustrations. Title page illus. plus 39 full page b&w illus. from Crite's brush and ink drawings with small facing symbolic decorations drawn from the liturgy, all created for this publication. Intro. Kenneth John Conant; apologia by Crite. An African American vision of the Passion. Very much an artist's illustrated book. 4to, silver gilt stamped black cloth, pictorial d.j. First edition. CRITE, ALLAN ROHAN (text and illus.). The Great Vigil of Easter: A Commentary. Alexandria (VA): Associated Parishes, Inc., 1977. 16 pp., illus. with eight different pen and ink drawings (one full-page) by Allan Rohan Crite. 4to (11 x 8.5 in.), stapled cream colored card wraps, gilt lettering. First ed. Day, Gardiner M. and ALLAN ROHAN CRITE (illus.). The Lord's Prayer: An Interpretation. Greenwich: The Seabury Press, 1954. Foreword by David R. Hunter. 98 pp., 6 full-page b&w illustrations and red and gray dust jacket design by Crite, reproduced from pen and ink drawings. The Hebrew letters of God's name [Yaweh] is contained in the upper portion of each image and the specific line of prayer to which the illustration refers is penned along the lower edge. The text is a sermon-style interpretation and meditation on the Lord's Prayer by the thirteenth rector of the historic Christ Church Parish in Cambridge, Massachusetts. 12mo, 1/4 cloth lettered in red, over red marbleized papered boards, pictorial dust jacket. First ed. Philadelphia (PA). Afro-American Historical and Cultural Museum. ALLAN ROHAN CRITE. 1978. Solo exhibition. Seattle (WA). Frye Art Museum. ALLAN ROHAN CRITE: Artist-Reporter of the African American Community. March 10-May 6, 2001. 66 pp. exhib. cat., 40 color plates, 8 b&w illus., photo of artist, bibliog., checklist of 53 works (1932-70s) with thumbnail illus. of each. Important African American painter whose work focuses on realistic depictions of the Black middle-class community of Boston in combination with biblical figures. Text by Julie Levin Caro, artist Barbara Earl Thomas and Edmund Barry Gaither. Published to accompany the first noteworthy retrospective of Crite's paintings, drawings and prints. Oblong 4to (28 x 23 cm.; 11 x 9 in.), pictorial wraps. First ed. Washington (DC). Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. ALLAN ROHAN CRITE Oral history interview, January 16, 1979 culminating on October 22, 1980. 1979-80. Interview conducted by Robert Brown. Crite is joined in the second interview by Susan Thompson, his collaborator on many chasuble and altar frontal cloth designs of that period. Washington (DC). Washington National Cathedral. ALLAN ROHAN CRITE: Were You There. October 3-November 2, 2003. Solo exhibition of the 39 brush-and-ink drawings created by Allan Rohan Crite for his book Were You There When They Crucified My Lord, published in 1944 by Harvard University Press. Were You There is the first of two volumes by Crite illustrating folk spirituals. The drawings also represent a good example of the postwar work of artists who rebelled against the stereotypical depictions of black Americans prevalent in the 1920s. [Review of the discovery of these works by Bill Broadway, "Pictures at an Exhibition Paint Black Point of View; Protected but Overlooked in a Vault At Washington National Cathedral, Artist's Drawings Finally See the Light," The Washington Post, August 30, 1997.] GENERAL BOOKS AND GROUP EXHIBITIONS: ALBANY (NY). Albany Institute of History and Art. The Negro Artist Comes of Age: A National Survey of Contemporary American Artists. January 3-February 11, 1945. vii, 77 pp., 63 b&w illus., checklist of 76 works by 38 artists, with 14 others mentioned as well. A major early survey. Foreword by John Davis Hatch, Jr.; essay "Up Till Now" by Alain Locke who states that the show is both "a representative and challenging cross-section of contemporary American art and, additionally, convincing evidence of the Negro’s maturing racial and cultural self-expression in painting and sculpture." The exhibition coincided with the last months of WWII and the return of the troops. Artists mentioned or included: Charles Alston, William Artis, Henry (Mike) Bannarn, Edward M. Bannister, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, Eloise Bishop, Selma Burke, William S. Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Claude Clark, Sr., Eldzier Cortor, Ernest Crichlow, Allan Rohan Crite, Joseph Delaney, Aaron Douglas, Robert S. Duncanson, Frederick Flemister, Meta Warrick Fuller, Rex Goreleigh, William A. Harper, Palmer Hayden, James Herring, May Howard Jackson, Joshua Johnson, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Ronald Joseph, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Edmonia Lewis, Norman Lewis, Edward L. Loper, Archibald J. Motley, Frank Neal, Marion Perkins, Horace Pippin, James A. Porter, William E. Scott, Charles Sebree, Thelma Streat, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Dox Thrash, Laura Wheeler Waring, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Ellis Wilson, John Wilson, Vernon Winslow, Hale Woodruff. [Traveled to: Brooklyn Museum of Art.] [Locke's essay is reprinted in: The Critical Temper of Alain Locke. A Selection of His Essays on Art and Culture. New York: Garland, 191-94.] Reviews: Carter G. Woodson, The Journal of Negro History, Vol. 30, No. 2 (April 1945):227-228; "The Negro Artist Comes of Age," ARTnews (February 1-14, 1945) reprinted in ARTnews 91 (November 1992):109-10. 8vo (9 x 6 in.; 23 cm.), wraps. First ed. ANDOVER (MA). Addison Gallery of American Art. To Conserve a Legacy: American Art from Historically Black Colleges and Universities. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1999. 240 pp., 138 color illus., 137 b&w illus. Text by Richard J. Powell, Jock Reynolds; intro by Kinshasha Holman. Includes painting, sculpture, and photographs by over 90 artists and historic photographs, gathered from the collection of 6 important university collections: Clark, Fisk, Hampton, Howard, N.C. Central, and Tuskegee. A major publication on African American Art. Includes among others: William E. Artis, Henry W. Bannarn, Arthur P. Bedou, John Biggers, Edmund Bruce, Elizabeth Catlett, Claude Clark, Sr., Allan Rohan Crite, Frederick C. Flemister, Allan R. Freelon, Otis Galbreath, Sam Gilliam, Humbert Howard, Clementine Hunter, Wilmer A. Jennings, Malvin Gray Johnson, William H. Johnson, Edmonia Lewis, Rose Piper, Horace Pippin, Prentiss H. Polk, James A. Porter, John N. Robinson, Charles Sallee, Augusta Savage, William Edouard Scott, Charles Sebree, Alvin Smith, white artist Prentiss Taylor, James Lesesne Wells, Hale Woodruff. Large 4to, cloth, d.j. First ed. APPIAH, KWAME ANTHONY and HENRY LOUIS GATES, Jr. Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience. Oxford University Press, 1999; 2005. 5 Vols. 4500 pp., 1000 photographs, maps, illus. Expanded to 8 vols. No new information or in-depth discussion of the visual arts. Names of visual artists included in the accounts of each period of black history are often lumped into a one sentence list; very few have additional biographical entries. [As of 2011, far more substantial information on most of the artists is available from Wikipedia than is included in this Encyclopedia.] Includes mention of: James Presley Ball, Jean-Michel Basquiat, David A. Bailey, Edward M. Bannister, Richmond Barthé, Cornelius Battey, Romare Bearden, Dawoud Bey, Everald Brown, Elizabeth Catlett, Dana Chandler, Roland Charles, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Albert V. Chong, Robert H. Colescott, Allan R. Crite, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Murry Depillars, Jeff Donaldson, Aaron Douglas, Robert S. Duncanson, Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller, the Goodridge Brothers, Rex Goreleigh, Tapfuma Gutsa, Palmer Hayden, Lyle Ashton Harris, Chester Higgins, Joshua Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Ben Jones, Seydou Keita, Lois Mailou Jones, William (Woody) Joseph, Wifredo Lam, Jacob Lawrence, Edmonia Lewis, Fern Logan, Stephen Marc, Lynn Marshall-Linnemeier, Willie Middlebrook, Scipio Moorhead, Archibald Motley, Gordon Parks, Horace Pippin, Prentiss H. Polk, James A. Porter, Elizabeth Prophet, Faith Ringgold, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Chéri Samba, Augusta Savage, Jeffrey Scales, Addison L. Scurlock, Charles Sebree, Johannes Segogela, Twins Seven-Seven, Coreen Simpson, Lorna Simpson, Moneta Sleet, Marvin & Morgan Smith, Renée Stout, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Hank Willis Thomas, Dox Thrash, James Vanderzee, Christian Walker, the Wall of Respect, Laura Wheeler Waring, Augustus Washington, Carrie Mae Weems, Charles White, Cynthia Wiggins, Carla Williams, Pat Ward Williams, et al. The entry on African Women Artists includes an odd and out-of-date collection of names: Elizabeth Olowu, Agnes Nyanhongo, Alice Sani, Iriji Efflatoun, Grace Chigumira, Thersa Musoke, Palma Sintoa, Elsa Jacob, and Terhas Iyassu. Hopefully future editions will follow the path of the substantially expanded edition of 2005 and will alter the overall impression that black visual artists are not worth the time and attention of the editors. [Note: Now out-of-print and available only through exorbitant subscription to the Oxford African American Studies Center (OAASC) a single database incorporating multiple Oxford encyclopedias, ongoing addiitions will apparently be unavailable to individuals or to most small libraries in the U.S. or worldwide.] 4to (29 cm.; 10.9 x 8.6 in.), cloth. Seond ed. ATLANTA (GA). Atlanta University. Third Annual Exhibition of Paintings, Sculptures and Prints by Negro Artists: The Two Generations. April 2-30, 1944. Juried group exhibition. Artists included: Charles Alston, William E. Artis, Annabelle Baker, Mike Bannarn, Romare Bearden (Honorable Mention), John T. Biggers, Selma Burke, Calvin Burnett, William S. Carter, Claude Clark, Francis P. Conch, Ernest Crichlow, Allan Rohan Crite, Mary Tobias Daniel, Roy DeCarava, Arthur Diggs, Lillian Dorsey, John Farrar (top prize - Ferrar was 16 yrs. old), Frederick C. Flemister, Charlotte Franklin, Charles Haig, Vertis C. Hayes, Mark Hewitt, Jenelsie Holloway, John Miller Howard, Sargent Johnson, Henry Bozeman Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Clarence Lawson, Hughie Lee-Smith, Samella Lewis, Frank Neal, Cecil D. Nelson, Jr. (winner, John Hope Purchase award, landscape painting), Allison Oglesby, James Dallas Parks, Horace Pippin, James Porter, Walter W. Smith, Clyde Turner, John E. Washington, Ora Washington, Albert Wells, James Lesesne Wells, Ellis Wilson, John Wilson (Atlanta University award), Vernon Winslow, Hale Woodruff, Frank Wyley, et al. [Review: Art News, May 1, 1944:7.] ATLANTA (GA). Hammonds House Museum. Telling It Like It Is: The Art of Curlee Raven Holton: Prints, Drawings and Selections from the Experimental Printmaking Institute. July 20-August, 2008. Group exhibition. Included: Benny Andrews, Emma Amos, Berrisford Boothe, Barbara Bullock, Gregory Coates, Roy Crosse, Allan Rohan Crite, Dexter Davis, David Driskell, John Dowell, Allan Edmunds, Melvin Edwards, Wanda Ewing, Sam Gilliam, Robin Holder, Joseph Holston, Kofi Kayiga, Paul Keene, Lynn Linnemeier, Al Loving Ulysses Marshall, Carlton Parker, Janet Taylor Pickett, Faith Ringgold, James Rose, Charles Sallee, William T. Williams. ATLANTA (GA). High Museum of Art. African American Art in Atlanta: Public and Corporate Collections. May 11-June 17, 1984. 18 pp., 16 b&w illus., checklist of 72 works by 50 artists, including numerous women artists. Text by Evelyn Mitchell. Important early reference. Includes: Jim Adair, Terry Adkins, Benny Andrews, William Artis, Ellsworth Ausby, Herman Kofi Bailey, Romare Bearden, Shirley Bolton, Beverly Buchanan, Elizabeth Catlett, Floyd Coleman, Allan Rohan Crite, Michael Cummings, Joseph Delaney, Robert Duncanson, Tina Marie Dunkley, Sam Gilliam, Michael Harris, Jenelsie Holloway, Manuel Hughes, Richard Hunt, William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Viola Burley-Leak, Larry Francis Lebby, Samella Lewis, Arturo Lindsay, Jerome Meadows, John M. Howard, Lev Mills, Sana Musasama, Curtis Patterson, Maurice Pennington, Robert Edwin Peppers, K. Joy Ballard-Peters, Howardena Pindell, John Riddle, John D. Robinson, Betye Saar, Thomas Shaw, Jewel W. Simon, Freddie Styles, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Carlton Omar Thompson, Yvonne Thompson, Charles White, Claudia Widdis, Sandra Kate Williams, John Wilson, and Hale Woodruff. Sq. 8vo (22 x 22 cm; 8.5 x 8.5 in.), wraps. First ed. ATLANTA (GA). Woodruff Arts Center Space. Lasting Impressions: Master Artists and Master Printmakers at The Experimental Printmaking Institute. July 16-25, 2004. Exhibition of a portfolio created by 16 artists and master printmakers and additional works. Curated by Curlee Raven Holton, founder and director of Lafayette College's Experimental Printmaking Institute (EPI), Lafayette College, Eaton, PA. African American artists include Emma Amos, Berrisford Boothe, Barbara Bullock, Greg Coates, Alan Rohan Crite, Roy Crosse, Dexter Davis, David Driskell, Wanda Ewing, Sam Gilliam, Curlee Raven Holton, Kofi Kayiga, Paul Keene, Hughie Lee-Smith, Lynn Linnemeier, Al Loving, Lois Mailou Jones, Ulysses Marshall, Carlton Parker, Faith Ringgold, and Charles Sallee. [Traveled to Heights Arts, Cleveland Heights, OH, October 9-November 7, 2004, but the exhibition seems to have been substantially reduced at this venue.] BLOCKSON, CHARLES, ed. Catalogue of the Charles L. Blockson Afro-American Collection, a Unit of the Temple University Libraries. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1990. 820 pp., a dozen photographs, excellent title, name and detailed subject indices, approximately 11,000 entries describing a variety of historical artifacts: printed books, pamphlets, addresses and speeches, art catalogues, newspapers, periodicals, manuscripts, broadsides, handbills, lithographs, tape recordings, stamps, coins, maps, oil paintings, and sculpture that all relate to African, African American, and Caribbean life and history. Intro by Dorothy Porter Wesley. The strength of the collection is such that even though the focus was not on art, there are nonetheless at least 250 art and architecture-related holdings. Bibliography entries specifically on the Fine Arts (including African art): items 640-806 (pp. 35-43); photography pp. 392-3. Artists mentioned (generally as authors rather than artists) include: Benny Andrews, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Jacqueline Fonvielle Bontemps, Clarence C. Bullock, E. Simms Campbell, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Leroy P. Clarke, William A. Cooper, Allan Rohan Crite, Beauford Delaney, David Driskell, Robert Duncanson, Elton Fax, Tom Feelings, Oliver (Ollie) Harrington, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, Joshua Johnston, Ida Ella Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Jesse Aaron, John L. Moore, Archibald Motley, Henry O. Tanner, Carroll Simms, Samella Lewis, Horace Pippin, James A. Porter, Martin Puryear, Faith Ringgold, Thomas Sills, Augusta Savage, Jeanne Moutoussamy-Ashe, Richard Samuel Roberts, James Vanderzee, Ruth Waddy, Deborah Willis (Ryan), Charles White. BOSTON (MA). Boston University Art Gallery. Social Concern and Urban Realism: American Painting in the 1930s. 1983. Exhibition catalogue. Text by Patricia Hills. Includes Allan Rohan Crite. BOSTON (MA). Boston University Art Gallery. Syncopated Rhythms: 20th-Century African American Art from the George and Joyce Wein Collection. November 18, 2005-January 22, 2006. 100 pp. exhib. cat., 64 color illus. Curated with text by Patricia Hills and catalogue entries by Hills and Melissa Renn; foreword by Ed Bradley. Includes 60 works (paintings, sculpture, drawings and a painted story quilt.) Exhibition of a range of works done in the late 1920s through the 1990s and is particularly strong in works of the 1940s-'70s. Artists include: Charles Alston, Benny Andrews, Ernie Barnes, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Bruce Brice, Elizabeth Catlett, Eldzier Cortor, Allan Rohan Crite, Miles Davis, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Aaron Douglas, Minnie Evans, Palmer Hayden, Oliver Johnson, William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Wifredo Lam, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Norman Lewis, Sister Gertrude Morgan, Faith Ringgold, Betye Saar, Augusta Savage, Bob Thompson, Charles White, Michael Kelly Williams, William T. Williams, Ellis Wilson, John Wilson, Hale Woodruff and Richard Yarde. 4to (28 x 22 cm.), wraps. BOSTON (MA). Bunker Hill Community College Art Gallery. Common Ground. January 29-February 29, 2008. Group exhibition. Included: Paul Goodnight, Allan Rohan Crite, Ekua Holmes, Laura Palmer. BOSTON (MA). Museum of Fine Arts. Jubilee: Afro-American Artists on Afro-America. 1975. 46 pp. exhib. cat., 35 illus., 4 color plates, plus frontis. group photo, biogs., exhibs. for each artist, exhibition checklist. Text by Barry E. Gaither. Includes: Charles Alston, Benny Andrews, Kwasi Seitu Asante, Roland Ayers, Romare Bearden, Camille Billops, Calvin Burnett, Dana Chandler, Eldzier Cortor, Ernest Crichlow, Allan Rohan Crite, Barkley Hendricks, Earl Hooks, Arnold James Hurley, Milton Johnson (aka Milton Derr), William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Pierre Le Clere, Archibald Motley, Nefertiti, James Phillips, Anderson Pigatt, Faith Ringgold, Augusta Savage, Charles Searles, Afred J. Smith, Jr., Edgar Sorrells, Nelson Stevens, Barbara Ward, Richard Watson, Pheoris West, Charles White, John Wilson, and Richard Yarde. 4to (28 cm.), stapled lime green wraps, lettered in black. First ed. BOSTON (MA). Museum of Fine Arts. Massachusetts Masters: Afro-American Artists. January 16-March 6, 1988. 48 pp., 34 full-page illus., 7 in color. Text by Barry Gaither. 34 artists (8 women) represented and numerous others discussed: Ellen Banks, Ronald Boutte, Calvin Burnett, Dana Chandler, Allan Rohan Crite, Henry DeLeon, Milton Derr, Robert Freeman, Meta Warrick Fuller, George Ganges, Tyrone Geter, Paul Goodnight, Lois Mailou Jones, Napoleon Jones-Henderson, Kofi Kayiga, Harriet Kennedy, Marcia Lloyd, Vusumuzi Maduna, Edward McCluney, Bryan McFarlane, Taylor McLean, Alvin Paige, Benjamin Peterson, James Reuben Reed, Nelson Stevens, Richard Stroud, James Toatley, William Travis, Barbara Ward, René Westbrook, Clarence Washington, John Wilson, Richard Yarde, Theresa India Young. Others mentioned in the text include Scipio Moorhead, Joshua Johnson, Edmonia Lewis, Edward Mitchell Bannister, Sargent Johnson, Edwin Harleston, Stanley Pinckney, Alfred Smith, Dolores Johnson, Fern Cunningham, Karen Eutemy, George Cook, Nefertiti, Deirdre Bibby, Gary Rickson, Sharon Dunn, Elliot Knight, Yantee Bell, Arnold Hurley, Boston muralist James Brown, Suzanne Thompson, Roy Cato, Jr., Roy Cato, Sr., Lovett Thompson, John Keyes, Benjamin Peterson, Michael Coblyn, Diane Wignall, Kofi Bailey, James Phillips, Edgar Sorrells, Archibald Motley, Pheoris West; photos of Benny Andrews, Camille Billops, Ernest Crichlow, Barkley Hendricks. [Review: Allan R. Gold, NYT, January 26, 1988.] 4to, stapled white wraps. First ed. BOSTON (MA). Museum of the National Center of Afro American Artists. What We Collect: Works from the Permanent Collection. 2004. Group exhibition. Included in the show: Ellen Banks, Edward Mitchell Bannister, Roy DeCarava, Calvin Burnett, Allan Rohan Crite, Chester Dames, Robert Freeman, Margo Humphrey, Wilmer Jennings, Edward McCluney, Nefertiti, Joseph Norman, James Reuben Reed, Albert Smith, Bob Thompson, Cheryl Warrick, Renée Westbrook, Charles White, Jack Whitten, Richard Yarde. BOSTON (MA). Museum of the National Center of Afro-American Artists. Our Elders: Crite and Dames: An Exhibition of the Work of Allan R. Crite and Chester A. Dames. September 19-October 17, 1971. Unpag. (11 pp.) exhib. cat., illus. Text by Edmund B. Gaither. Two-person exhibition of paintings, drawings, and prints by Allan Rohan Crite and Chester A. Dames. 17 works by Crite; 24 works by Dames. [MNCAAA Exhibition Files.] 8vo (22 cm.), wraps. First ed. BOSTON (MA). Northeastern University Art Gallery, AAMARP Department Galleries. The Fantastic Image. October 9-November 4, 1988. Group exhibition by artists in the Northeastern University African American Residency program. Included: Calvin Burnett, Dana Chandler, Allan Rohan Crite, Milton Derr, Paul Goodnight, Kofi Kayiga, Marcia Lloyd, Vusumuzi Maduna, Jim Reed [James Reuben Reed], René Westbrook, John Wilson. BRITTON, CRYSTAL A. African-American Art: The Long Struggle. New York: Smithmark, 1996. 128 pp., 107 color plates (mostly full-page and double-page), notes, index. Artists include: Terry Adkins, Charles Alston, Amalia Amaki, Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, William E. Artis, Radcliffe Bailey, Xenobia Bailey, James P. Ball, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Romare Bearden, Edward Mitchell Bannister, John T. Biggers, Camille Billops, Willie Birch, Bob Blackburn, Betty Blayton, David Bustill Bowser, Grafton Tyler Brown, James Andrew Brown, Kay Brown, Vivian Browne, Beverly Buchanan, Selma Burke, Margaret Burroughs, Carole Byard, Elizabeth Catlett, Dana Chandler, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Ed Clark, Robert Colescott, Houston Conwill, Eldzier Cortor, Renée Cox, Ernest Crichlow, Allan Rohan Crite, Giza Daniels-Endesha, Dave [the Potter], Thomas Day, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Jeff Donaldson, Aaron Douglas, Leonardo Drew, Robert S. Duncanson, William Edmondson, Melvin Edwards, Minnie Evans, William Farrow, Gilbert Fletcher, James Forman, Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller, Michele Godwin, David Hammons, Edwin Harleston, William A. Harper, Palmer Hayden, Thomas Heath, white artist Jon Hendricks (no illus.), Robin Holder, May Howard Jackson, Wadsworth Jarrell, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Joshua Johnston, Napoleon Jones-Henderson, Barbara Jones-Hogu, Lois Mailou Jones, Cliff Joseph, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie-Lee Smith, Edmonia Lewis, Norman Lewis, Juan Logan, Valerie Maynard, Dindga McCannon, Sam Middleton, Scipio Moorhead, Keith Morrison, Archibald J. Motley, Jr., Sana Musasama, Marilyn Nance, Gordon Parks, Marion Perkins, Howardena Pindell, Adrian Piper, Horace Pippin, James A. Porter, Harriet Powers, Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, Martin Puryear, Patrick Reason, Gary Rickson, Faith Ringgold, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Augusta Savage, Joyce J. Scott, William E. Scott, Charles Sebree, Lorna Simpson, William H. Simpson, Clarissa Sligh, Frank Smith, Vincent D. Smith, Nelson Stevens, Renée Stout, Freddie L. Styles, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Alma Thomas, Jean Toche (no illus.), Lloyd Toone, Bill Traylor, James Vanderzee, Annie E. Walker, William Walker, Laura Wheeler Waring, Carrie Mae Weems, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Grace Williams, Michael Kelly Williams, Pat Ward Williams, William T. Williams, Ellis Wilson, Fred Wilson, Hale Woodruff, et al. 4to (32 cm.), pictorial boards, d.j. First ed. BROOKLYN (NY). MoCADA Museum of Contemporary African Diasporan Art. From Challenge to Triumph: African American Prints & Printmaking, 1867-2002. Thru February 22, 2003. Important survey. Artists included: Charles Alston, Emma Amos, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Camille Billops, Robert Blackburn, Grafton Tyler Brown, Calvin Burnett, Margaret T. Burroughs, Elizabeth Catlett, Ed Clark, Eldzier Cortor, Ernest Crichlow, Allan Crite, David C. Driskell, Allan Freelon, Reginald Gammon, Sam Gilliam, Linda Hiwot, Robin Holder, Albert Huey, Mary Howard Jennings, Wilmer Jennings, William H. Johnson, Sargent Johnson, Ronald Joseph, Paul Keene, Gwendolyn Knight, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Samella Lewis, Whitfield Lovell, Richard Mayhew, Lev T. Mills, Evangeline J. Montgomery, Otto Neals, Hayward Oubré, Howardena Pindell, Vincent Smith, Dread Scott, William E. Scott, Lou Stovall, Raymond Steth, Dox Thrash, Ruth Waddy, Cheryl Warrick, James Lesesne Wells, John Wilson, Charles White, Hale Woodruff. CAMBRIDGE (MA). Cambridge Multicultural Arts Center. Passage - A group exhibition referencing the legacy of the Middle Passage and the inhuman transport of Africans to America as slaves. January 27-February 28, 1997. Multi media exhibition and panel discussion by artists: Reginald (Reggie) Jackson, Don Stull, Bryan McFarlane, Susan Thompson, Allan Crite, Paul Goodnight, Edward Strickland, Dana Chandler, Kofi Kayiga, Ife Franklin, Khalid Kodi, Hakim Raquib, Henry DeLeon. CAMPBELL, MARY SCHMIDT. Harlem Renaissance: Art of Black America. New York: The Studio Museum and Abrams, N.Y., 1994. 200 pp., 140 illus., 55 in color, 29 artists mentioned along with an overall focus on music, dance, literature, and general culture, chronols., bibliog., good reference bibliography, books and magazines illustrated by Aaron Douglas, index. Texts by David Levering Lewis, David C. Driskell, Deborah Willis Ryan, J. Stewart. Artists included: Edward M. Bannister, Richmond Barthé, Selma Burke, Allan Rohan Crite, Roy DeCarava, Aaron Douglas, David Driskell, Meta Vaux Fuller, Palmer Hayden, Charles S. Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Edmonia Lewis, Archibald Motley, Richard B. Nugent, James A. Porter, Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, Augusta Savage, Charles Sebree, Marvin and Morgan Smith, Henry O. Tanner, James Vanderzee, Laura W. Waring, Charles White, Hale Woodruff. Many others mentioned very briefly in passing. [Review: Kay Larsen, "Born Again," New York Magazine, March 16, 1987:74-75, color illus.] 4to (30 cm.; 11.5 x 8.6 in.), cloth, d.j. First ed. CATTELL, JACQUES, ed. Who's Who in American Art 16. New York: Bowker, 1984. Curators who are not also artists are included in this bibliographic entry but are not otherwise listed in the database: We are NOT going to go through all of these volumes over the decades; this one is catalogued simply to record the degree to which living African American artists had entered the conciousness of the mainstream American art world as of 1984. [Should be consulted along with Falk's Who Was Who in American Art (1985) to complete the "awareness list" as of the mid-1980s.] 160 artists are included here along with 1000 pages of far more obscure white artists: p. 21, Benny Andrews, 33, Ellsworth Ausby, 50, Richmond Barthé; 57, Romare Bearden, 76, John Biggers, 83, Betty Blayton, 98, Frank Bowling, 108, Arthur Britt, 112, Wendell Brooks, 116, Marvin Brown, 117-18, Vivian Browne, 121, Linda Goode Bryant, 128, Calvin Burnett, 129, Margaret Burroughs, 132, Carole Byard, 133, Walter Cade, 148, Yvonne Pickering Carter, 168, Claude Clark, 178-79, Floyd Coleman, 179, Robert Colescott, 181, Paul Collins, 184, James Conlon, 188-89, Arthur Coppedge; 191, Eldzier Cortor, Averille Costley-Jacobs, 198, Allan Crite; 210, D'Ashnash-Tosi [Barbara Chase-Riboud], 213-14, Alonzo Davis, 219-20, Roy DeCarava, 222, Avel DeKnight, 226, Richard Dempsey, 228, Murry DePillars, 237, Raymond Dobard, 239, Jeff Donaldson, 243, John Dowell, 246, David Driskell, 256, Allan Edmunds, 256-57, James Edwards, 260, David Elder, 265, Whitney John Engeran, 267, Marion Epting, 270, Burford Evans, 271, Minnie Evans, 271-72, Frederick Eversley, 277, Elton Fax, 304, Charlotte Franklin, 315, Edmund Barry Gaither (curator), 317, Reginald Gammon, 325, Herbert Gentry, 326, Joseph Geran, 328, Henri Ghent (curator), 332, Sam Gilliam, 346, Russell Gordon, 354, Rex Goreleigh, 361, Eugene Grigsby, 375, Robert Hall, 380, Leslie King-Hammond (curator), 381, Grace Hampton, 385, Marvin Harden, 406, Barkley Hendricks, 418, Leon Hicks, 414, Freida High-Wasikhongo, 424-25, Al Hollingsworth, 428, Earl Hooks, 433, Humbert Howard, 439, Richard Hunt, 450, A. B. Jackson, Oliver Jackson; 451, Suzanne Jackson, 454, Catti James, Frederick James, 464, Lester L. Johnson; 467, Ben Jones, 467-68, Calvin Jones, 469, James Edward Jones, Lois Jones, 471, Theodore Jones, 489, Paul Keene; 492, James Kennedy, 495-96, Virginia Kiah, 535, Raymond Lark, 540-41, Jacob Lawrence, 546, Hughie Lee-Smith, 557, Samella Lewis, 586, Cheryl Ilene McClenney (arts admin.), 595, Anderson Macklin, 620, Philip Lindsay Mason, 625, Richard Mayhew, 597, Oscar McNary, 598, Kynaston McShine (curator), 610, 637, Marianne Miles a.k.a. Marianne; 638, Earl Miller, 640-41, Lev Mills, 649, Evangeline Montgomery; 653, Norma Morgan, 655, Keith Morrison, 657, Dewey Mosby (curator), 671, Otto Neals, 693, Ademola Olugebefola, 700, Hayward Oubré, John Outterbridge, Wallace Owens, 702, William Pajaud, 706, James Parks, 710, Curtis Patterson, 711, Sharon Patton (curator), 711-12, John Payne, 720, Regenia Perry (curator), 724, Bertrand Phillips; 727, Delilah Pierce, 728, Vergniaud Pierre-Noël, 729, Stanley Pinckney, Howardena Pindell, 744, Leslie Price, Arnold Prince, 747, Mavis Pusey, 752, Bob Ragland, 759, Roscoe Reddix, 763, Robert Reid, 768, John Rhoden, 772, John Riddle, Gregory Ridley, 774, Faith Ringgold, 778, Lucille Roberts, 803, Mahler Ryder, 804, Betye Saar, 815, Raymond Saunders, 834, John Scott, 841, James Sepyo, 857, Thomas Sills, 859, Jewel Simon, 861, Merton Simpson, Lowery Sims (curator); 865, Van Slater, 869, Dolph Smith, 873, Vincent Smith, 886, Francis Sprout, 890-91, Shirley Stark, 898, Nelson Stevens, 920, Luther Stovall, 909, Robert Stull, 920, Ann Tanksley, James Tanner, 924, Rod Taylor, 922, William Bradley Taylor [Bill Taylor], 929, Elaine Thomas, 946, Curtis Tucker, 949, Leo Twiggs, 970, Larry Walker, 977, James Washington, 979, Howard Watson, 994, Amos White, 995, Franklin White, 996 Tim Whiten, 1001-2, Chester Williams, 1003, Randolph Williams, Todd Williams, Walter Williams, William T. Williams, 1005, Edward Wilson, George Wilson, 1005-6, John Wilson, 1007, Frank Wimberley, 1016, Rip Woods, 1017, Shirley Woodson, 1019, Bernard Wright, 1025, Charles Young, 1026, Kenneth Young, Milton Young. CHASE, JUDITH WRAGG. Afro-American Art and Craft. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, 1971. 142 pp., 227 b&w illus., bibliog. Noteworthy inclusion of early plantation craftsmen, cabinetmakers, weavers, quiltmakers, basketmakers and woodcarvers as well as contemporary African American art and crafts. Includes: Charles Alston, William Artis, Ernest Crichlow, Allan Rohan Crite, Eldzier Cortor, William Craft, Dale Brockman Davis, Aaron Douglas, Minnie Evans, Regina Foreman, Allan Freelon, Reginald Gammon, William Hayden, Jacob Lawrence, Horace Pippin, Phillip P. Simmons, Peter Simmons, Elmer Davis Taylor, James Lesesne Wells, and hundreds of others. 4to, cloth, d.j. First ed. CHICAGO (IL). Art Institute of Chicago. A Century of Collecting: African American Art in the Art Institute of Chicago. February 15-May 18, 2003. Group exhibition. Curated by Daniel Schulman, associate curator of modern and contemporary art. 60 artists (over half contemporary) including: Benny Andrews, Radcliffe Bailey, Richmond Barthé, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Romare Bearden, Dawoud Bey, Hilda Wilkinson Brown, Margaret Burroughs, William S. Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Edward Clark, Kerry Stuart Coppin, Eldzier Cortor, Allan Rohan Crite, Charles C. Dawson, Aaron Douglas, John E. Dowell, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Melvin Edwards, Walter Ellison, Sam Gilliam, David Hammons, William Harper, George Herriman, Earlie Hudnall, Jr., Richard Hunt, Joshua Johnson, Rashid Johnson, Sargent Johnson, Joseph Kersey, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Glenn Ligon, Kerry James Marshall, Willie Middlebrook, Keith Morrison, Archibald J. Motley, Marion Perkins, Allie Pettway, Jessie T. Pettway, Robert Pious, Adrian Piper, Horace Pippin, Martin Puryear, Faith Ringgold, William Edouard Scott, Vincent Smith, Nelson Stevens, Alma Thomas, Bob Thompson, Henry Ossawa Tanner, James Vanderzee, Kara Walker, Carrie Mae Weems, Gearldine Westbrook, Charles White, Sarah Ann Wilson, Hale Woodruff, Joseph E. Yoakum. CHICAGO (IL). Renaissance Society, University of Chicago. Paintings and Sculpture by American Negro Artists. December 8-20, 1936. Group exhibition. Included: Richmond Barthé, Samuel A. Countee, Otis Galbreath, Palmer Hayden, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Archibald J. Motley, Jr., Suzanne Ogunjami Wilson (as Suzanna Ogunjami), Allan Rohan Crite, James Porter, J. H. D. Robinson (as J.D.H.), Winfred Jonathan Russell, Charles Sebree, Laura Wheeler Waring, and Hale Woodruff. CHICAGO (IL). Tanner Art Galleries. Exhibition of the Art of the American Negro (1851-1940). July 4-September 2, 1940. Exhib. cat., 18 illus. Assembled by the American Negro Exposition. Statement by Alain Locke, chairman of the art committee; lists selections jury, awards jury, exhibition committees. Included 100 artists: Charles Alston, William E. Artis, John Ingliss Atkinson, Henry Avery, Edward M. Bannister, Richmond Barthé, Leslie G. Bolling, Selma Burke, Margaret Burroughs, Simms Campbell, Fred Carlo, William S. Carter, Eldzier Cortor, Ernest Crichlow, Allan Rohan Crite, Charles C. Davis, Charles C. Dawson, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Aaron Douglas, Robert S. Duncanson, Elba Lightfoot DeReyes, Walter Ellison, William M. Farrow, Elton Fax, Frederick C. Flemister, Allan R. Freelon, Meta Vaux Fuller, Reginald Gammon, Rex Goreleigh, Bernard Goss, J. Eugene Grigsby, John Hardrick, Edwin Harleston, William A. Harper, Palmer C. Hayden, William M. Hayden, Vertis Hayes, James Herring, Fred Hollingsworth, Zell Ingram, Burt Jackson, Robert M. Jackson, Louise E. Jefferson, Wilmer Jennings, Malvin Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Lawrence Arthur Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Joseph Kersey, Jacob Lawrence (won second prize), Clarence Lawson, Edmonia Lewis, Norman Lewis, Richard Lindsey, Romeyn Van Vleck Lippman, Ed Loper, Rosemary Louis, John Lutz, Francis McGee, Ron Moody, Archibald J. Motley, George E. Neal, Robert L. Neal, Marion Perkins, Frederick Perry, Robert Pious, Horace Pippin, James A. Porter, Georgette Powell, Teodoro Ramos-Blanco (South American artist), Donald Reid, John Rollins, David Ross, Charles Sallee, Augusta Savage, Charles Sebree, Samuel Simms, Albert A. Smith, Marvin Smith, Mary E. Smith, William E. Smith, Thelma Streat, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Dox Thrash, Daniel N. Tillman, Earl Walker, Laura Wheeler Waring, Wilbert (Masood Ali) Warren, Claude Weaver, Albert Wells, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Ellis Wilson, Leroy Winbush, Hale Woodruff, Leon Wright. [Among the many reviews: Selma Gordon, "Seventy-Five Years of Negro Progress," The Criss 48 (January 1941):10-11+; mainstream review in Newsweek Vol XVI, No 11, September 9, 1940.] 8vo, pictorial wraps. Exhibition poster and catalogue cover design by James Lesesne Wells. CINCINNATI (OH). Taft Museum of Art. The Great Migration: The Evolution of African American Art, 1790-1945. June 16-October 22, 2000. 25 pp. exhib. cat., 35 illus. including cover plates (27 in color), bibliog., checklist of 49 works. Text by R. Kumasi Hampton. Many lesser-known works from Ohio and Kentucky collections, including numerous women artists. Georgia E. Beasley, Rozelle (Zell) Ingram, Vera Jackson, Mary Edmonia Lewis, Geneva Higgins McGee, James Presley Ball, Jr., Edward Bannister, Romare Bearden, Elmer W. Brown, Fred Carlo, Eldzier Cortor, Allan Rohan Crite, Joseph Delaney, Robert S. Duncanson, John Wesley Hardrick, Sargent Claude Johnson, William Henry Johnson, Joshua Johnston, Fredrick Douglas Jones, Jr., Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Norman Lewis, Gordon Parks, Marion Perkins, Elijah Pierce, Horace Pippin, Charles E. Porter, James A. Porter, Patrick Reason, Charles Sallee, William E. Scott, Charles Sebree, Marvin and Morgan Smith, William E. Smith, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Dox Thrash, James VanDerZee, James Lesesne Wells, Hale Woodruff. Oblong 4to (22 x 28 cm.), stapled wraps. First ed. CLARK, EDWARD. Black Writers in New England: A Bibliography, With Biographical Notes, of Books by and About Afro-American Writers Associated With New England in the (Special Report). Boston: National Park Service, 1985. 76 pp. Short bios of over 500 New England writers. Includes: Allan Rohan Crite. 8vo (8.8 x 6 in.), wraps. COLLEGE PARK (MD). University of Maryland Art Gallery. Narratives of African American Art and Identity: The David C. Driskell Collection. 1998. 192 pp., 94 color plates, 33 b&w illus., checklist of 100 works by 61 artists, biogs., bibliog. Text by Terry Gipps. Important artist's collection. Includes: Terry Adkins, Edward M. Bannister, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Grafton Tyler Brown, Elizabeth Catlett, Claude Clark, Sr., Robert Colescott, Eldzier Cortor, Allan Rohan Crite, Roy DeCarava, Beauford Delaney, Aaron Douglas, David Driskell, Robert S. Duncanson, Melvin Edwards, Minnie Evans, Meta Warrick Fuller, Sam Gilliam, Michael D. Harris, James V. Herring, Earl J. Hooks, Margo Humphrey, Clementine Hunter, Wilmer Jennings, William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Richard Mayhew, Jerome Meadows, William McNeil, Sam Middleton, Keith Morrison, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, James Phillips, Stephanie Pogue, P.H. Polk, Charles Ethan Porter, James A. Porter, Martin Puryear, Ray Saunders, Augusta Savage, Charles Sebree, Frank Smith, Vincent Smith, Gilda Snowden, Frank Stewart, Lou Stovall, Henry O. Tanner, Bill Traylor, Alma Thomas, Yvonne Edwards Tucker, James VanDerZee, Laura Wheeler Waring, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Walter Williams, William T. Williams, Ellis Wilson, Hale Woodruff. 4to (12 x 9 in.), cloth, d.j. First ed. COLLEGE PARK (MD). University of Maryland Art Gallery. Selections from the David C. Driskell Collection. January 20-March 22, 2003. An exhibition of work by 39 major African American artists: Edward M. Bannister, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, John T. Biggers, Grafton Tyler Brown, Elizabeth Catlett, Kevin E. Cole, Bob Colescott, Eldzier Cortor, Allan Rohan Crite, Roy DeCarava, Aaron Douglas, Meta Warrick Fuller, Sam Gilliam, Michael D. Harris, Earl J. Hooks, Margo Humphrey, Clementine Hunter, William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Keith Morrison, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Stephanie Pogue, Martin Puryear, Augusta Savage, Frank E. Smith, Frank Stewart, Lou Stovall, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Alma Thomas, James Vanderzee, Laura Wheeler Waring, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Walter J. Williams, William T. Williams, Hale Woodruff. COLLEGE PARK (MD). University of Maryland Art Gallery. Successions: Prints by African-American Artists from the Jean and Robert Steele Collection. April 1-29, 2002. 48 pp. exhib. cat., 26 color & b&w illus., checklist of 62 works by 45 artists, glossary of terms. Intro. by David C. Driskell; statement by the collectors, text by Adrienne L. Childs. Includes: Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, Camille Billops, Robert Blackburn, Moe Brooker, Calvin Burnett, Nora Mae Carmichael, Elizabeth Catlett, Kevin Cole, Robert Colescott, Allan Rohan Crite, Louis Delsarte, David Driskell, Allan Edmunds, Melvin Edwards, Sam Gilliam, Varnette Honeywood, Margo Humphrey, Paul Keene, Wadsworth Jarrell, Lois Mailou Jones, Gwendolyn Knight, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Samella Lewis, Percy B. Martin, Tom Miller, Evangeline Montgomery, Keith Morrison, Joseph Norman, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Anita Philyaw, Stephanie Pogue, John T. Riddle, Faith Ringgold, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Preston Sampson, Frank Smith, Vincent Smith, Lou Stovall, James L. Wells, William T. Williams, John Wilson. [Traveled to: Mobile Museum of Art, Mobile, AL; David Driskell Center, University of Maryland.] 4to (11 x 8.5 in.), pictorial wraps. First ed. DALLAS (TX). Hall of Negro Life, Texas Centennial Exposition. Texas Centennial Exposition: Exhibition of Fine Art Productions by American Negroes. June 19-November 29, 1936. The visual arts exhibitions were curated by Alonzo J. Aden. Art in the Hall of Negro Life included: a large bas-relief seal sculpted by Raoul Josset over the door depicting a figure with broken chains. Four murals of black history were commissioned from Aaron Douglas and were displayed in the lobby: Bondage (Corcoran Gallery) and Aspiration (San Francisco Museum of Art); the other two are believed lost. Two rooms of paintings and sculpture by Texas artists Samuel A. Countee and an unknown artist from Galveston named Frank Sheinall as well as artists from other states whose work was loaned by the Harmon Foundation. Included: Henry O. Tanner, James Latimer Allen, Allan Rohan Crite, Palmer Hayden, Archibald J. Motley, Jr., James L. Wells, Hale Woodruff, Laura Wheeler Waring, Arthur Diggs, Malvin Gray Johnson, and Hilda Brown, Richmond Barthé, Sargent Johnson, Robert Pious, Leslie Bolling, and Henry Letcher (potter.) [Review/article by curator Alonzo J. Aden, "Educational Tour Through the Hall of Negro Life," Southern Workman [Hampton, VA] 65 (November 1936):331-341 mentions Aaron Douglas murals, Richmond Barthé, Archibald Motley, Sargent Johnson, James Wells, Hale Woodruff, Samuel Countee, Laura Waring, Leslie Bolling [as Boling], Henry Letcher, R.A. Johnson; photo of Elton Fax.] DRISKELL, DAVID C. Two Centuries of Black American Art. Los Angeles: Museum of Art, 1976. 221 pp. exhib. cat., 205 illus., 32 in color, bibliog., index. Groundbreaking survey exhibition of African American art. Texts by Driskell; catalogue notes by Leonard Simon. Includes Dave the Potter, Charles H. Alston, William E. Artis, Edward M. Bannister, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Grafton Tyler Brown, David Butler, Selma Burke, Calvin Burnett, Margaret Burroughs, Elizabeth Catlett, Claude Clark, Eldzier Cortor, Allan Rohan Crite, Thomas Day, Joseph Delaney, Aaron Douglas, Robert S. Duncanson, William Edmondson, Minnie Evans, Edwin A. Harleston, Palmer Hayden, Felrath Hines, Earl J. Hooks, Julien Hudson, Clementine Hunter, Wilmer Jennings, James Butler Johnson, Joshua Johnson, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Edmonia Lewis, Norman Lewis, Richard Mayhew, Sam Middleton, Leo Moss, Archibald J. Motley, Jr., Marion Perkins, Horace Pippin, James A. Porter, Patrick Reason, John Rhoden, Gregory Ridley, Jr., William E. Scott, Charles Sebree, Henry Ossawa Tanner, William (Bill) Taylor, Alma Thomas, Dox Thrash, Laura Wheeler Waring, Edward Webster, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Walter Williams, Ed Wilson, Ellis Wilson, John Wilson, Hale Woodruff. Additional artists mentioned in the text: James Allen, Leslie Bolling, John Kane (?), Jules Lion, James Vanderzee, many more. [Traveled to Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, CA; High Museum of Art, Atlanta, GA; Museum of Fine Arts, Dallas, TX; and the Brooklyn Museum, NY.] 4to, wraps. First ed. EDWARDS, AMBER (Prod. and Dir.]. Against the Odds: [video]: the artists of the Harlem Renaissance (Video). Alexander (VA): PBS Video, 1999. AGOA PBS Video. Includes discussion of or participation of Allan Rohan Crite, Malvin Gray Johnson, William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Archibald Motley, James A. Porter, Augusta Savage, William E. Scott, Laura Wheeler Waring, James Lesesne Wells, Hale Woodruff, et al. VHS-NTSC: color (with b&w sequences, sd; plus 1 index; 60 min. FALK, PETER HASTINGS, ed. The Annual Art Exhibition Record of the Art Institute of Chicago, 1888-1950. Madison (CT): Sound View Press, 1990. 1117 pp. Includes (among others): Henry Avery, 74 (1937); Richmond Barthé, 89 (1940, 1943); Romare Bearden, 96 (1947); William Sylvester Carter, 192 (1940); Eldzier Cortor, 233 (1940-46, 1948-49); Allan Rohan Crite, 242 (1942); Frank Joseph Dillon; William McKnight Farrow, 316 (1923); William A. Harper, 408-09 (1903-10); Sargent Claude Johnson, 484 (1931); Frederick D. Jones, Jr.; Jacob Lawrence, 541 (1943-44, 1946, 1949); Archibald Motley, 635 (1921-23, 1925, 1929-35, 1949); George Neal, 646 (1936, 1938); Marion Perkins, 695 (1942, 1944, 1947-49, 1951); Horace Pippin, 708 (1943, 1945); William Edouard Scott, 807 (1911); Charles Sebree, 808 (1935-36, 1938, 1940, 1942); Thelma Johnson Streat, 868 (1943); Henry O. Tanner, 878-79 (1896, 1898-99, 1901, 1905-10, 1912-13, 1916, 1923-24, 1926-29, 1939); Laura Wheeler Waring, 948 (1916); Charles White, 948 (1942). FALK, PETER HASTINGS, ed. Who Was Who in American Art, 1564-1975. Madison, CT: Sound View Press, 1999. 3 Vols. 3724 pp. The 1985 publication is a summary compiled from the original 34 volumes of American Art Annual: Who's Who in Art, no new entries. It is in some ways an account of the spotty knowledge that the white art world had acquired about black artists during the decades after WWII. Many glaring omissions. The 1999 edition seems to have substantial additions. Included: Alonzo Aden, Frank Herman Alston, Jr., Frederick Cornelius Alston, Dorothy Austin, Henry Avery, Henry Bannarn, Edward Bannister, Richmond Barthé, John Biggers, Leslie Bolling, William E. Braxton, Wendell T. Brooks, Elmer William Brown, Eugene J. Brown, Samuel Joseph Brown, Selma Burke, Calvin Burnett, Margaret Taylor Goss Burroughs, Elmer Simms Campbell, William S. Carter, Dana C. Chandler, Jr., Samuel O. Collins, Eldzier Cortor, Norma Criss, Allan Crite, Charles C. Dawson, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Arthur Diggs, Frank J. Dillon, Aaron Douglas, Charles Early, Walter W. Ellison, Annette Ensley, William M. Farrow, Allan Freelon, Meta Fuller, Robert Gates, Rex Goreleigh, Donald O. Greene, Samuel P. Greene, Charles E. Haines, John Wesley Hardrick, William A. Harper, John Taylor Harris, Palmer Hayden, Dion Henderson, James V. Herring, Clifton Thompson Hill, Hector Hill, Raymond Howell, Bill Hutson, May Howard Jackson, Oliver Jackson, Wilmer Jennings, George H. Benjamin Johnson, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Frederick D. Jones, Jr., Henry B. Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Joseph Kersey, Vivian Schuyler Key, Jacob Lawrence, Bertina B. Lee, Hughie Lee-Smith, Edmonia Lewis, Elba Lightfoot, Ed Loper, John Lutz, William McBride, Sr., Archibald J. Motley, Jr., Robert L. Neal, John B. Payne, Horace Pippin, James A. Porter, Nancy Prophet, Oliver Richard Reid, Earl Richardson, Marion Sampler, Augusta Savage, William E. Scott, Charles Sebree, Albert Alexander Smith, Teressa Staats, Thelma J. Streat, Henry O. Tanner, Dox Thrash, Laura Waring, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Benjamin L. Wigfall, Ellis Wilson, John W. Wilson, Hale Woodruff, Terrance Yancey. 4to, cloth. FAYETTEVILLE (NC). Walton Arts Center. Images of America, African American Voices: Selections from the Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Darrell Walker. January 9-March 27, 2004. 125 pp., 83 color plates, 1 b&w illus., plus color and b&w text photos, checklist of 64 works in all media, endnotes, bibliog. Text by Michael D. Harris. A very substantial collection. Artists include: Ron Adams, Charles Alston, Emma Amos, Radcliffe Bailey, Romare Bearden, Phoebe Beasley, Frank Bowling, Calvin Burnett, Nanette Carter, William S. Carter, Ed Clark, Kevin Cole, Robert Colescott, Tarrance D. Corbin, Allan Rohan Crite, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Louis Delsarte, David Driskell, Edward J. Dwight, Michael Ellison, Herbert Gentry, Sam Gilliam, Luther Hampton, Margo Humphrey, Richard Hunt, Bill Hutson, Lois Mailou Jones, Gwendolyn Knight, Jacob Lawrence, Henri Linton, Juan Logan, Juan Logan, Whitfield Lovell, Alvin D. Loving, Clarence Morgan, Reginald McGhee, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, James Phillips, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Ray Saunders, John T. Scott, Charles Searles, Charles Sebree, A. J. Smith, Cedric Smith, Frank E. Smith, John H. Smith, Bill Taylor, Mildred J. Thompson, Dudley Vaccianna, James Vanderzee, Larry Walker, Joyce Wellman, William T. Williams. [Traveled to Tubman African American Museum, Macon, GA, July 23-September 26, 2004; Diggs Gallery, Winston-Salem State University, Winston-Salem, NC, June 11-September 17, 2005; Aronoff Center for the Arts, Cincinnati, OH, September 15-November 11, 2006; and other venues.] Oblong 4to, pictorial wraps. First ed. FRYE, DANIEL J. African American Visual Artists: an annotated bibliography of educational resource materials. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 2001. xvi, 378 pp. Many misspellings of artists' names. 8vo (23 cm.), cloth. HAMPTON (VA). Hampton University. The International Review of African American Art Vol. 17, no. 2 (1998). 1998. This issue contains: "William Pajaud and the Jazz Funeral Tradition;" article on Danny Simmons and the jazz hip-hop visual tradition empire by Cherilyn Wright; "Aaron Douglas at 100" by Aaronetta Pierce. "Imagining the Amistad;" William Tolliver 1951-2000 (obituary); "New Thoughts About That Old Black Magic" by Juliette Harris; "A Mother's Grief; an Artist's Response" by Leatha Mitchell; "A Publishing First!" by Harriet Kelley; "Art; Love and Sex In Black and White" by Stephanie Saft-Phelan; "Deborah Willis; Artist and Scholar" by Winston Kennedy. Artwork: William Pajaud (cover), Edouard Duval-Carrié, Allan Rohan Crite, Palmer Hayden, Claude Clark, Elizabeth Catlett, Leroy Clark, Vincent Smith, Antonio Carreno, Danny Simmons, Aaron Douglas, Colleen Coleman, Howardena Pindell, Ed Hamilton, Delphine Fawundu, Jeffery Henson Scales, William Tolliver, Pierre Legrain, Sylvia Snowden, Jacob Lawrence, Samella Lewis, Addison N. Scurlock, Ted Pontiflet. 4to, wraps. HAMPTON (VA). Hampton University Museum. Faithful Voices: Four Decades of African-American Art. October, 1998. Group exhibition of nine artists. Included: Claude Clark, Paul Keene, Reginald Gammon, James Brantley, Samella Lewis, Hughie Lee-Smith, Allan Rohan Crite, Calvin Burnett, and John Wilson. [Feature review by Jeanne Zeidler, The International Review of African American Art Vol. 15, no. 3 (1998):2-10.] 4to, wraps. HARLEY, RALPH L., JR. Checklist of Afro-American Art and Artists. 1970. In: Serif 7 (December 1970):3-63. What could have been the foundation of future scholarship is unfortunately marred by errors of all kinds and the inclusion of numerous white artists. All Black artists are cross-referenced. HARTFORD (CT). Wadsworth Atheneum. Fresh Faces. June 15, 2002-January 19, 2003. Group exhibition. Included: Augusta Savage, Laura Wheeling Waring, Hughie Lee-Smith, Alan Crite, Charles White, Coreen Simpson, and Dawoud Bey. HARTFORD (CT). Wadsworth Atheneum. Fresh Faces of Youth: African-American Art in Motion. November 4-30, 2007. Group exhibition of vintage photographs, advertising art, book and magazine illustrations, prints, paintings and sculpture from the late 1800s to the present that trace African American childhood through adolescence. Contemporary artists included: Charles White, Hughie Lee-Smith, Emma Amos, Allan Rohan Crite, Robert Tomlin, and Archibald Motley, Jr, et al. [Traveled to New Rochelle Public Library, New Rochelle, NY.] HAYDEN, ROBERT C. African-Americans in Boston: More than 350 Years. Boston, Boston Public Library, 1991. 187 pp., over 150 b&w photos and illus., index. Forward by Joyce Ferriabough. Cover design by Larry Johnson. 27 visual artists listed include: Scipio Moorhead, Edward M. Bannister, Edmonia Lewis, Meta Warrick Fuller, Allan Rohan Crite, Ellen Banks, John Barbour, Roger (Richard) Beatty, Calvin Burnett, Dana Chandler, Robin Chandler, Milton Derr, Paul Goodnight, James Guilford, Barbara Holt, Arnold Hurley, Larry Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Napoleon Jones-Henderson, Harriet Kennedy, J. Marcus Mitchell, James Reed, Gary Rickson, Rudy Robinson, Henry Washington, John Wilson, Richard Yarde. 8vo, wraps. Ivoryton (CT). ART Gallery Magazine. The ART Gallery Magazine: Afro-American issue (Vol. 11, no. 7, April 1968). 1968. Special Afro-American issue. Approx. 100 pp., b&w and color illus. Includes: Alonzo J. Aden, Charles Alston, Emma Amos, Eric Anderson, Benny Andrews, William E. Artis, Edward M. Bannister, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, Sheman Beck, Ed Bereal, John T. Biggers, Betty Blayton, Sylvester Britton, Calvin Burnett, Margaret Burroughs, William S. Carter, Bernie Casey, Elizabeth Catlett, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Edward Christmas, Claude Clark, Eldzier Cortor, Ernest Crichlow, Allan Rohan Crite, Emilio Cruz, Mary Reed Daniel, Charles C. Dawson, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Avel DeKnight, Richard Dempsey, Jeff Donaldson, Aaron Douglas, David C. Driskell, Robert S. Duncanson, Eugene Eda, William Edmondson, Melvin Edwards, John Farrar, Frederick C. Flemister, Meta Warrick Fuller, Reginald Gammon, Sam Gilliam, Robert Glover, Russell T. Gordon, Bernard Goss, Phillip Hampton, Marvin Harden, Romaine Harris, Eugene Hawkins, Palmer Hayden, Wilbur Haynie, Reginald Helm, James Herring, Leon Hicks, Vivian Hieber (?), Felrath Hines, Alvin Hollingsworth, Humbert Howard, Richard Hunt, A.B. Jackson, Hiram E. Jackson, Daniel LaRue Johnson, Joshua Johnson, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Frederic Jones (presumably Frederick D. Jones, Jr.), Lois Mailou Jones, Robert Edmond Jones, Jack Jordan, Sr., Louis Joseph Jordan, Ronald Joseph (as Joseph Ronald), Paul Keene, Joseph Kersey, Herman King, Sidney Kumalo, Jacob Lawrence, Clarence Lawson, Clifford Lee, Hughie Lee-Smith, James Edward Lewis, Jr., Edmonia Lewis, Norman Lewis, Tom Lloyd, Alvin Loving, William Majors, Howard Mallory, Jr., David Mann, Richard Mayhew, Anna McCullough, Geraldine McCullough, Charles W. McGee, Lloyd McNeill, Jr., Earl Miller, Norma Morgan, Jimmie Mosely, Archibald J. Motley, Jr., Texeira Nash, Frank W. Neal, George E. Neal, Hayward L. Oubre, Jr., James D. Parks, Marion Perkins, Robert S. Pious, Horace Pippin, James A. Porter, Judson Powell, Ramon Price, Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, Noah Purifoy, Mavis Pusey, Robert D. Reid, John W. Rhoden, Haywood "Bill" Rivers, Henry C. Rollins, Mahler Ryder, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, William E. Scott, Charles Sebree, Jewel Simon, Merton D. Simpson, Van Slater, Carroll Sockwell, John Stevens, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Ralph M. Tate, Lawrence Taylor, John Torres, Jr., Alfred J. Tyler, Ruth G. Waddy, William Walker, Eugene Warburg, Howard N. Watson, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Jack H. White, Jack Whitten, Garrett Whyte, Sam William, Douglas R. Williams, Jose Williams, Todd Williams, Walter H. Williams, Stan Williamson, Ed Wilson, Ellis Wilson, John W. Wilson, Roger Wilson, Hale A. Woodruff, James E. Woods, Roosevelt (Rip) Woods, Charles Yates, Hartwell Yeargans, et al. 8vo (24 cm.; 9 x 6 in.), wraps. LINCOLN (MA). DeCordova Museum and Sculpture Park. Painting in Boston: 1950-2000. September 14, 2000-February 26, 2001. 264 pp. exhib. cat., illus., chronol., biogs., bibliogs. Texts by Carl Belz, Nicholas Capasso, Rachel Rosenfield Lafo, John Stomberg, and Ann Wilson Lloyd. Large but by no means inclusive group exhibition of 75 paintings by 67 artists. Many fine and well-known painters are omitted both from the exhibition and from the chronology of key events. Only 6 African American artists included: Allan Rohan Crite, Dana Chandler, Kofi Kayiga, Laylah Ali, Ellen Gallagher, Richard Yarde. 4to, wraps. First ed. LITTLE ROCK (AR). Gallery I, University of Arkansas at Little Rock. Twentieth century African American art from the collection of Mr. and Mrs. Darrell Walker. November 10-December 13, 1996. 39 pp. exhib. cat., color illus. Intro. by David C. Driskell; epilogue by Kevin Cole. Includes: Charles Alston, Romare Bearden, Bob Blackburn, Nanette Carter, William Carter, Kevin Cole, Robert Colescott, Allan R. Crite, Sam Gilliam, John Wesley Hardrick, Margo Humphrey, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Al Loving, William E. Smith, Vincent Smith, Larry Walker, William T. Williams, John Wilson. 4to, wraps. LOCKE, ALAIN. Advance on the Art Front. 1939. In: Opportunity 17 (May 1939):132-36. Includes 29 artists. [Reprinted in In The Negro in Music and Art, ed.Lindsay Patterson. New York: Publishers Co.:239-245.] William Blackburn [presumably Robert Blackburn]. 4to (11 x 8 in.), wraps. LOCKE, ALAIN. Negro Art: Past and Present. Washington, DC: Associates in Negro Folk Education (Bronze Booklet No. 3), 1936. (vi) 122 pp., no illustrations, bibliography for each chapter. Covers the history of images of African Americans and art by African Americans through contemporary artists of the mid-1930s; the final chapter is on African art. Highly important early book on African American art by one of its most eminent cultural spokespersons. Includes: Charles Alston, William E. Artis, Henry Bannarn, Edward M. Bannister, Richmond Barthé, Samual Blount, Richard Lonsdale Brown, Samuel J. Brown, William A. Cooper, Samuel Countee, Allan Rohan Crite, William Dawson, Beauford Delaney, Gamaliel Derrick, Arthur Diggs, Aaron Douglas, Robert S. Duncanson, William Farrow, Elton Fax, Allan Freelon, Meta Vaux Fuller, Rex Goreleigh, John Hardrick, William A. Harper, Palmer Hayden, Vertis C. Hayes, Hanry Hudson, May Howard Jackson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Henry Bozeman Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Charles Keene, Edmonia Lewis, Lenwood Morris, Archibald Motley, Sara Murrell, Bruce Nugent, Robert Pious, James A. Porter, Georgette Seabrooke (Powell), Nancy E. Prophet, Dan Terry Reid, (Oliver) Richard Reid, Earle Richardson, Winfred Russell, Augusta Savage, William E. Scott, Albert A. Smith, Henry O. Tanner, John Urquhart, Grayson Walker, Eugene Warburg, Laura Wheeler Waring, James Lesesne Wells, Hale Woodruff. [Also mentions an artist named Otto Farrill for whom there is no independent listing; the Serif and Cederholm listings are derived from Locke.] [Reprinteed by Arno Press 8vo, wraps. First ed. LOCKE, ALAIN, ed. The Negro in Art: A Pictorial Record of The Negro Artist and of The Negro Theme In Art. Washington, DC: Associates in Negro Folk education, 1940. 224 pp., leaf of plates, illus. (1 in color), selected bibliography. Reprinted by Hacker Books, 1968, 1968, 1971, 1979 (0878170138). 4to (31 cm.), green gilt-lettered cloth. First printing, December 1940. LONG, RICHARD, et al. African American Works on Paper from the Cochran Collection. Lagrange, 1991. 74 pp., 47 full-page illus. (6 in color), biogs. of 64 artists in this substantial collection. Intro. by Richard Long; texts by Judith Wilson, Camille Billops, Robert Blackburn. Includes 66 major 20th-century artists (including 16 women artists and a few less well-known artists): Charles Alston, Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Trena Banks, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Camille Billops, Betty Blayton, Moe Brooker, Vivian Browne, Beverly Buchanan, Selma Burke, Nanette Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Ed Clark, Eldzier Cortor, Ernest Crichlow, Allan Rohan Crite, John Dowell, Allan Edmunds, Melvin Edwards, Elton Fax, Herbert Gentry, Sam Gilliam, Maren Hassinger, Manuel Hughes, Richard Hunt, Wilmer Jennings, Lois Mailou Jones, Mohammad Khalil, Ronald Joseph, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, James Little, Whitfield Lovell, Al Loving, Richard Mayhew, Norma Morgan, Frank Neal, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Joe Overstreet, Howardena Pindell, Stephanie Pogue, Richard Powell, Mavis Pusey, Faith Ringgold, Aminah Robinson, Betye Saar, Al Smith, Walter Agustus Simon, Morgan Smith, Marvin Smith, Vincent Smith, Luther Stovall, Alma Thomas, Mildred Thompson, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Jack Whitten, Walter Williams, William T. Williams, John Wilson, Hale Woodruff, Hartwell Yeargans. [16+ venue touring exhibition beginning at: Lamar Dodd Art Center, LaGrange College, La Grange, GA, March 3-31, 1991; Columbia Museum of Art, Columbia, SC; Lauren Rogers Museum, Laurel, MI; Hickory Museum of Art, Hickory, NC; Museum of the South, Mobile, AL; Museum of Arts and Sciences, Macon, GA; Greenville Museum of Art, Greenville, SC; Danville Museum of Fine Arts and History, Danville, VA; Gadsden Museum of Art, Gadsden, AL; Polk Museum of Art, Lakeland, FL; Gibbes Museum of Art, Charleston, SC; Cleveland Institute of Art, Cleveland, OH; York County Museum of Art, Rock Hill, SC; Pensacola Museum of Art, Pensacola, FL; Marietta-Cobb Museum of Art, Marietta, GA; Indiana State University, Terre Haute, IN; Miami Univeristy Museum of Art, Oxford, OH; Washington and Lee University, Lexington, VA; Jacksonville Museum of Art, Jacksonville, FL; William and Mary College, Williamsburg, VA; Northwest Visual Arts Center, Panama City, FL; Gertrude Herbert Institute, Augusta, GA; Springfield Art Museum, Springfield, MO; Beach Museum of Art, Manhattan, KS; Montgomery Museum of Art, Montgomery, AL; New Visions Gallery, Atlanta, GA.] 4to (28 x 22 cm.), wraps. First ed. LOS ANGELES (CA). California African American Museum. In the Hands of African American Collectors: The Personal Treasures of Bernard and Shirley Kinsey. September 28, 2006-March 11, 2007. 112 pp. exhib. cat., full-page color illus., biogs. of most artists. Curated by Evelyn Carter, Jill Moniz and Christopher D. Jimenez y West; texts by Gary Nash and Rita Roberts; reflections as collectors, Bernard and Shirley Kinsey. Group exhibition of work collected by the Kinseys in Los Angeles for the past 35 years. Includes some 90 paintings, sculptures, prints, books, documents, manuscripts and vintage photographs. Artists include: Ron Adams, Tina Allen, Charles Alston, Edward M. Bannister, Ernie Barnes, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, Phoebe Beasley, John Biggers, Bob Blackburn, Grafton Tyler Brown, Margaret Burroughs, Elizabeth Catlett, Claude Clark, Allan Rohan Crite, Bill Dallas, Robert S. Duncanson, Samuel L. Dunson Jr., Ed Dwight, Sam Gilliam, Jonathan Green, Palmer Hayden, Richard Hunt, William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Artis Lane, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Norman Lewis, Lionel Lofton, Richard Mayhew, William Pajaud, James Porter, Edward Pratt, Sue Jane Mitchell Smock, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Alma Thomas, Matthew Thomas, William Tolliver, James Lesesne Wells. [Traveled to: South Side Community Art Center, Chicago, July 13, 2007-March 2, 2008; Norton Museum of Art, West Palm Beach, FL, May 1-July 20, 2008.] 4to (28 cm.), wraps. MEYER, GEORGE H., ed. Folk Artists Biographical Index. Detroit: Gale Research, in association with the Museum of American Folk Art, 1987. Artist entries include name, birth/death information, period and location of activity, ethnicity, type of work, museum collections, and sources. Includes some very highly educated art school graduates, craft professionals, along with the more obvious collection of "folk artists." The following artists are included: Jesse Aaron, Leroy Almon, Steve Ashby, Sampson Augustus, Baddler, Leslie Bollinger, Bruce Brice, William Henry Brown, John P. Burr, J. C. "Jack" Burris (puppetmaker), David Butler, J. G. Chaplin, Irene Clark, Leon "Peck" Clark, Bea Coaxum, Clark Coe, William Craft, Harry Crane, Cleo Crawford, Allan Rohan Crite (an absurd entry in this context), Dave, Alfred "Shoe" Davis, Ulysses Davis, Virgil Davis, William Dawson, Thomas Day, Ellen Dicus, William H. Dorsey, Robert M. Douglass Jr., Sam Doyle, William Edmondson [as Edmonson], Emmaline, Minnie Evans, Josephus Farmer, Leonard Fields, Marvin Finn, Thomas Jefferson Flanagan, Walter Flax, Mary Lou Foreman, Regina Foreman, Ezekiel Gibbs, William O. Golding, Henry Gudgell, James Hampton [listed as John (James) Hampton], Harley, Robert Hemp, G. W. Hobbs [now known to be white], Clementine Hunter, Job, Joe, Joshua Johnson, Frank Jones, Gerritt Loguen, Rance "Bone" Maddov, Jr., Ralph Middleton, Howard Miller, Mahulda Mize, Scipio Moorhead, Sister Gertrude Morgan, Emma Lee Moss, Inez Nathaniel, Ned, Leslie J. Payne, Alexander Pickhil, Elijah Pierce, Horace Pippin, Harriet Powers, Nelson Primus, "Rhenae", Juanita Rogers, William Rogers, Nellie Mae Rowe, Sarah "Old Aunt Sarah" [embroiderer], Peter Simmons, Philip Simmons, Jewel Simon, William Simpson, Jimmy Lee Sudduth, Sutton [Sultan Rogers], Jessie Telfair, James "Son Ford" Thomas, Mose Tolliver, Lucinda Toomer, Bill Traylor, Vidal, Pecolia Warner, James Washington, George White, Lizzie Wilkerson, George Williams [as William], Jeff Williams, Luster Willis, A. B. Wilson, Joseph E. Yoakum. MONTCLAIR (NJ). Montclair Art Museum. Evolving Identities: Figurative Work from the 19th Century to Now. March 21-August 1, 2004. Group exhibition drawn mostly from the permanent collection. Curated by Gail Stavitsky and Twig Johnson. Included: Allan Rohan Crite, Robert Colescott, Janet Taylor Pickett, Juan Sanchez, Lorna Simpson, Carrie Mae Weems. NASHVILLE (TN). Fisk University. The Afro-American Collection, Fisk University. 1976. 64 pp. exhib. cat., illus., brief biogs., checklist of works by 63 artists in the Fisk University Collection as of 1976. Pref. by Robert L. Hall; text by David C. Driskell. Artists include: Skunder Boghossian, Ellen Bond, Jacqueline Bontemps, Michael Borders, Elizabeth Catlett, Claude Clark, Samuel Countee, Ralph Arnold, William Artis, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, G. Caliman Coxe, Allan Crite, Dante (Donald Graham), Jeff Donaldson, Lilian Dorsey, Aaron Douglas, John Dowell, David Driskell, Elton Fax, Wilhelmina Godfrey [as Godfrey Wilhelmina], Clementine Hunter, Louise Jefferson, Adrienne Jenkins, Wilmer Jennings, Palmer Hayden, Earl J. Hooks, Manuel Hughes, Ben Jones, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Ben Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Sam Middleton, James Miles, Keith Morrison, Roderick Owens, James Phillips, Stephanie Pogue, James Porter, Martin Puryear, Gregory Ridley, Leo Robinson, William E. Scott, John Scott, Albert A. Smith, Vincent Smith, David Stephens, Nelson Stevens, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Bill Traylor, Alma Thomas, Mildred Thompson, James Wells, Charles White, Benjamin Wigfall, Walter Williams, William T. Williams, Ellis Wilson, Viola Wood, Hale Woodruff, Charles Young. 4to (28 cm.), wraps. NASHVILLE (TN). Fisk University and Crystal Britton Gallery, Atlanta. Allan Rohan Crite / Susan Gillian Thompson. 1982. 8 pp., 10 b&w illus., checklist of 48 works, bibliog., exhibs., colls. Text by Lowery S. Sims. Oblong 4to, pictorial stapled wraps. NASHVILLE (TN). Fisk University, Department of Art. Amistad II: Afro-American Art. 1975. 92 pp. exhib. cat., 74 b&w illus., checklist of 79 works by 53 African American artists. Text by David C. Driskell, self-interview by Allan M. Gordon, text on Amistad incident by Grant Spradling. Artists include: Benny Andrews, William Artis, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, Betty Blayton, Michael Borders, Elizabeth Catlett, Jacob Lawrence, Henry O. Tanner, Claude Clark, Sr., Claude Lockhart Clark, Eldzier Cortor, Allan Rohan Crite, Bing Davis, Philip Randolph Dotson, Aaron Douglas, John Dowell, David Driskell, William Edmondson, Palmer Hayden, Earl Hooks, Richard Hunt, Clementine Hunter, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Joshua Johnson, Lawrence Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Ted Jones, David McDonald, Sam Middleton, Keith Morrison, Archibald Motley, James Porter, Gregory Ridley, Raymond Saunders, Charles Sebree, Albert Alexander Smith, Vincent D. Smith, Bill Taylor, Alma Thomas, Bob Thompson, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Walter Williams, William T. Williams, Ellis Wilson, and others. 4to (29 cm.), wraps. First ed. NEW DELHI [India]. United Asia. United Asia: International Magazine of Asian Affairs Vol. V, no. 3 (June 1953). 1953. xvi, 76 pp. Special issue focus: Symposium on the American Negro. Contributors include Charles S Johnson, Cedric Dover, Sterling Brown, John Hope Franklin (From Slavery to Freedom), W E B Du Bois, Hugh and Mabel Smythe, H. Lewis (The Negro Scene - Facts and Figures), James Ivy (The Character of Negro Opinion); Langston Hughes (Poems -- Old and New and Twelve Favourite Poems), Alain Locke (The Negro in the Arts), Mozell Hill (Modern Negro Literature); George V. Allen; a basic bibliography of writings by black authors; visual artists surveyed (7 b&w illus.) include: John Rhoden, Richmond Barthé, Elizabeth Catlett, Robert Blackburn, Aaron Douglas, Allan Crite, and Edwin A Harleston. 4to, wraps. NEW HAVEN (CT). Institute of Sacred Music. Visual Exegesis: Religious Images by African American Artists from the Jean and Robert E. Steele Art Collection. April 2-25, 2008. Exhib. cat., illus. Group exhibition. Benny Andrews, John T. Biggers, Allan Rohan Crite, David C. Driskell, Annette Fortt, Michael Harris, Curlee Holton, Margo Humphrey, Reginald Jackson, Paul Keene, Jacob Lawrence, Grace Matthews, Valerie Maynard, Jefferson Pinder, Stephanie Pogue, Faith Ringgold, and John T. Scott. [Traveled in part (22 works by 14 artists) to: Dadian Gallery, Henry Luce III Center for the Arts and Religion at Wesley Theological Seminary, Washington, DC, October 13-December 12, 2008.] NEW ORLEANS (LA). Amistad Research Center and the New Orleans Museum of Art. Beyond the Blues: Reflections of Africa America in the Fine Arts Collection of the Amistad Research Center. April 11-July 11, 2010. 188 pp., 316 illus. (302 in color). This publication serves both as a catalogue of the exhibition and also as documentation of the majority of works in the Amistad's collection. Foreword by David C. Driskell; texts by curator Margaret Rose Vendryes, Lowery Stokes Sims, Michael D. Harris, and Renee Ater. NEW ORLEANS (LA). Stella Jones Gallery. Ebony soliloquy: a five year retrospective (1996-2001). 2001. 47 pp. exhib. cat., illus. (mostly color.) Preface by Samella Lewis. Group exhibition. Included: Richard Barthé, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Herbert Gentry, Loïs Mailou Jones, Phoebe Beasley, Yvonne Edwards-Tucker, Artis Lane, Evangeline "EJ" Montgomery, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Ann Tanksley, Louis Delsarte, Malaika Favorite, Randall Henry, Dennis Paul Williams, Tayo Adenaike, El Anatsui, Antonio Carreño, LeRoy Clarke, Edouard Duval-Carrie, Wosene Kosrof, Margaret Burroughs, Elizabeth Catlett, Claude Clark, Ernest Crichlow, Reginald Gammon, Richard Hunt, Samella Lewis, Richard Mayhew, William "Bill" Pajaud, Jr., Gordon Parks, Sr., Ron Adams, Benny Andrews, Allan Rohan Crite, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Francisco Mora, James Amos Porter, Vincent Smith. 4to (28 cm.), wraps. NEW YORK (NY). City College, CUNY. The Evolution of Afro-American Artists; 1800-1950. 1967. 70 pp., 47 full-page b&w illus., biogs. and checklist of works exhibited. Co-curated by Romare Bearden and Carroll Greene, Jr. Includes: 6 works of African heritage art and 54 artists: Joshua Johnson (as Johnston), Edward M. Bannister, Edmonia Lewis, Robert S. Duncanson, William Simpson, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Meta Warrick Fuller, Aaron Douglas, Richmond Barthé, Palmer Hayden, Hale Woodruff, Archibald Motley, Augusta Savage, William E. Scott, Albert Smith, James A. Porter, Allan Rohan Crite, Malvin Gray Johnson, William H. Johnson, O. Richard Reid, Laura Waring, William E. Braxton, James L. Wells, Edwin A. Harleston, Lois Mailou Jones, Hughie Lee-Smith, Fred Flemister, John T. Biggers, Jacob Lawrence, Romare Bearden, Charles Alston, Charles White, John Wilson, Elizabeth Catlett, William Artis, William Edmondson (as Edmonson), Horace Pippin, Earle Richardson (as Earl), Claude Clark, Ernest Crichlow, Ellis Wilson, Robert Blackburn, Robert S. Pious, Norman Lewis, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Selma Burke, Eldzier Cortor, Ronald Joseph, Humbert Howard, Heywood Rivers, Richard Mayhew, Merton D. Simpson, and John Farrar. NEW YORK (NY). Downtown Gallery. American Negro Art, 19th and 20th Centuries. December 9, 1941-January 3, 1942. Exhib. cat. The first show of African American art held at a mainstream commercial gallery, the exhibition, curated by gallery owner Edith Halpert, was sponsored by a committee of prominent white patrons including Mayor Fiorello La Guardia, Archibald MacLeish, A. Philip Randolph, and Eleanor Roosevelt. Among its aims were to raise money for the Negro Art Fund, to promote museum acquisitions of work by Black artists, and to encourage galleries to represent the living participants. In addition to providing its facilities, the Downtown Gallery donated all sales commissions to the Negro Art Fund and added Jacob Lawrence to its roster of artists at this time. Artists included: 19th century: Edward Bannister, Robert Duncanson, Edwin Harleston, William H. Simpson, Henry O. Tanner; 20th century: Charles Alston, Henry Avery, Romare Bearden, Samuel J. Brown, William S. Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Felton Coleman, Eldzier Cortor, Cleo Crawford, Ernest Crichlow, Allan Crite, Charles Davis, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Palmer Hayden, Malvin Gray Johnson, William H. Johnson, Ron Joseph, Paul Keene, Joseph Kersey, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Elba Lightfoot, Archibald Motley, Frederick Perry, Horace Pippin, Charles Sebree, George N. Victory, Charles White, Ellis Wilson, Hale Woodruff. Printmakers: Robert Blackburn, John Borican, Claude Clarke, Wilmer Jennings, Bryant Pringle, Raymond Steth, Dox Thrash, James L. Wells. Sculptors: William Artis, Richmond Barthé, Selma Burke, William Edmondson, Sargent Johnson, Martha Manning, Augusta Savage, John Henry Smith. [See copy of catalogue in National Museum of American Art, Smithsonian, vertical files.] [Listed in Magazine of Art 34 (Nov. 1941):497 with incorrect dates. Review in Art Digest, December 15, 1941, praises the show, but in exceedingly demeaning racist language: "The American Negro has at last spoken in art -- firmly and distinctively, his voice having as definite an intonation with colors as his soul has in singing and dancing. His choice of dazzling colors is just as typical as his exaggerated sense of humor, his strut and guffaw; his concern with the burdened just as characteristic as his pleading songs to his Maker." NEW YORK (NY). Ebony Editors. Ebony Handbook. Chicago: Johnson Publisnt Company Pub., 1974. Of historical interest only. Includes over 150 artists, more than double the number who were included in Ebony's Negro Handbook of 1966. Nonetheless, this represents a very limited selection compared with the St. Louis Index (1972) and Cederholm (1973) which had been published in the two years immediately preceeding this revision. Includes: Charles Alston, Eileen Anderson, Ralph Arnold, William E. Artis, Kwasi Asante, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, Sherman Beck, Ben Bey, Michelle C. Bey, John T. Biggers, Gloria Bohanon, Lorraine Bolton, Shirley Bolton, Elmer Brown, Samuel J. Brown, Herbert Bruce, Joan Bryant, Selma Burke, Calvin Burnett, Margaret Burroughs, Nathaniel Bustion, William S. Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Benjamin Clark, Claude Clark, Irene V. Clark, Floyd Coleman, Eldzier Cortor, Samuel Countee, G. C. Coxe, Ernest Crichlow, Allan Rohan Crite, Alonzo J. Davis, Charles C. Dawson, Richard Dempsey, J. Brooks Dendy, Jeff Donaldson, Harold S. Dorsey, Aaron Douglas, Annette Ensley, Marion Epting, P. Fernand (listed only in this publication), Frederick C. Flemister, Ausbra Ford, Leroy Foster, Meta Vaux Fuller, Rex Goreleigh, Joseph E. Grey, J. Eugene Grigsby, John W. Hardrick, Oliver Harrington, Frank Hayden, Palmer Hayden, Vertis C. Hayes, Eselean Henderson, Alvin C. Hollingsworth, Humbert Howard, Kenneth Howard (in this publication only), Richard Hughes, Richard Hunt, J.D. Jackson, Wilmer Jennings, Lester L. Johnson, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Ben Jones, Lawrence Jones, Lois Maillou Jones, Mark Jones, Charles Keck, James E. Kennedy, Joseph Kersey, Henri Umbaji King, Omar Lama, Jacob Lawrence, Clifford Lee, Hughie Lee-Smith, Leon Leonard, Edmonia Lewis, Norman Lewis, Edward L. Loper, Anderson Macklin, William Majors, Stephen Mayo, Geraldine McCullough, Eva Hamlin Miller, Rosetta Dotson Minner, Corinne Mitchell, James Mitchell, Norma Morgan, Jimmie Mosely, Archibald J. Motley, Dindga McCannon, David Normand, Hayward Oubre, Sandra Peck, Marion Perkins, Alvin Phillips, Delilah Pierce, Horace Pippin, James A. Porter, Georgette Seabrooke Powell, Leo Twiggs, Al Tyler, Anna Tyler, Steve Walker, John Wilson, Hale Woodruff, Kenneth V. Young, et al. New York (NY). Essie Green Galleries. The Artist Emerging (Their Early Years). April 17-May 22, 2010. Group exhibition. Early work by Charles Alston, Romare Bearden, John T. Biggers, Allan Rohan Crite, William McKnight Farrow, Ramon Gabriel, Sam Gilliam, John Wesley Hardrick, Norman Lewis, Charles Sebree and Henry Ossawa Tanner. NEW YORK (NY). Harmon Foundation / International House. Exhibit of Fine Arts by American Negro Artists. January 7-19, 1930. Unpag. (16 pp.) exhib. cat.; cover illus. of Self-Portrait painting by William H. Johnson. Traveling exhibition shown in 16 U.S. cities, 1930-31. [Review: George E. Haynes, ""Negro Achievement as Shown by Harmon Awards," Southern Workman 59 (April 1930):113-121.] 8vo (22 cm.), pictorial wraps. NEW YORK (NY). Harmon Foundation at the Art Center. Exhibition of productions by Negro artists: presented by the Harmon Foundation at the Art Center. February 20-March 4, 1933. 55 pp. exhib. cat., 36 illus., checklist of 107 works. Text "The Negro Takes His Place in American Art" by Alain Locke; unsigned essay, "News Happenings in the Field of Negro Art;" "A Forecast" by Howard Giles; list of 1933 award winners and Prize winner in previous exhibitions, 1926-1930, plus notes on 125 "Negro artists whose works have been shown in Harmon Foundation Exhibitions." Exhibited artists include: Palmer Hayden (Winner, Mrs. John D. Rockefeller Prize), James Lesesne Wells (bronze medal for most representative work in black and white.) and Charles J., Charles Henry Anderson, Frederick Cornelius Alston, Pastor Argudin y Pedroso, William Artis, George Edward Bailey, Mike Bannarn, Richmond Barthé, Humphreys Becket, James Bland, Samuel Ellis Blount, David P. Boyd, Cloyd L. Boykin, Edward J. Brandford, William E. Braxton, Daisy Brooks, Mabel Brooks, Samuel Joseph Worthington Brown, Eugene Burkes, William A. Cooper, Samuel A. Countee, Allan Crite, Charles C. Dawson, Beauford Delaney, Arthur Diggs, Frank J. Dillon, Lilian Dorsey, Aaron Douglas, Robert S. Duncanson, Ferdinand W. Ellington, William Farrow, Elton Fax, Allan R. Freelon, Meta Vaux Fuller, Otis Galbreath, William Goss, William E. Grant, Ruth Gray, Constance Grayson, John Hailstalk, John W. Hardrick, Edwin A. Harleston, John Taylor Harris, Palmer C. Hayden, Anzola D. Laird Hegomin, James V. Herring, Clifton Hill, Jesse Mae Housley, May Howard Jackson, J. Antonio Jarvis, Cornelius W. Johnson, George H. Benjamin Johnson, Gertrude Johnson, Gladys L. Johnson, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Archie Jones, Henry Bozeman Jones, Vivian Key, Benjamin Kitchin, Richard W. Lindsey, Romeyn Van Vleck Lippmann, Howard H. Mackey, Harold E. Marshall, Effie Mason, Helen Mason, Samuel E. MacAlpine, Edward T. McDowell, Susie McIver, C. G. McKenzie, Elenor McLaren, Archibald J. Motley, Richard B. Nugent, Allison Oglesby, Maude Owens, Suzanne Ogunjami Wilson (as Suzanna Ogunjami), Kenneth R. O'Neal, Elenor E. Paul, John Phillipis, Philip Leo Pierre, Robert S. Pious, Celestine Gustava Johnson Pope, James Porter, Elizabeth Prophet, Oliver Reid, Teodoro Ramos Blanco y Penita, Charles A. Robinson, Augusta Savage, William Edouard Scott, Albert A. Smith, Walter W. Smith, Charles Spears, Jr., Teressa Staats, Jesse Stubbs, Mary Lee Tate, Ulysses S. Tayes, Daniel Tillman, John E. Toodles, Laura Wheeler Waring, James Lesesne Wells, Simeon Sir Henry Williams, Ellis Wilson, Arthur Glenn Winslow, Hale Woodruff, et al. [Review: Rose Henderson, "Negro Artists In the Fifth Harmon Exhibition," The Southern Workman 62 (April 1933):175-181.] 8vo (22 cm.), stapled wraps. Cover illus. by James Porter; back cover illus. by Back cover illus. Head of a Girl by William Ellisworth Artis. NEW YORK (NY). Harmon Foundation at the Art Center. Exhibition of the Work of Negro Artists presented by the Harmon Foundation at the Art Center. February 16-28, 1931. 47 pp. exhib. cat., 34 b&w illus., checklist of 123 works by more than fifty artists. Illustrations include: "Chester" by Sargent Claude Johnson (front cover); . back cover illus. "The Old Servant" by Edwin Augustus Harleston. Texts: "Some Historical Reflections" by A. A. Schomburg and "The African Legacy and the Negro Artist" by Alain Locke; "Art and the Public Library" by Ernestine Rose; "A university Art Service" by James V. Herring. Artists include: James Latimer Allen, Frederick Alston, Edward M. Bannister, Richmond Barthé, James Bland, Cloyd L. Boykin, Edward J. Brandford, Eugene A. Burkes, William A. Cooper, Allan Rohan Crite, Lilian A. Dorsey, Robert S. Duncanson, William M. Farrow, Allan R. Freelon, Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller, King Daniel Ganaway, William T. Goss, William E. Grant, John Wesley Hardrick, Edwin A. Harleston, Palmer Hayden, Anzola D. Laird Hegomin, May Howard Jackson, Malvin G. Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Henry Bozeman Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Vivian S. Key, Benjamin S. Kitchin, Edward T. McDowell, Richard W. Lindsey, Archibald J. Motley, Richard Nugent, Allison L. Oglesby, Philip Leo Pierre, Robert S. Pious (5 paintings), Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, Dan Terry Reid, Donald Redvers Reid, D. Richard Reid, J. H. D. Robinson, Augusta Savage, William E. Scott, Albert A. Smith, Mary Lee Tate, Daniel Norman Tillman, Laura Wheeler Waring, James Lesesne Wells, Richard Milby Williams, Arthur Glenn Winslow, Hale Woodruff, et al. 8vo (22 cm.), tan wraps. Front cover illus. by Sargent Johnson. NEW YORK (NY). Harmon Foundation in cooperation with the Delphic Studios. Negro Artists. An Illustrated Review of Their Achievements. April 22-May 4, 1935. 59 (1) pp. exhib. cat., 39 b&w illus. and photographs. Contains an important 18 page artist directory with addresses, brief bios and exhibition info. on 113 artists. Illustrations of work by Richmond Barthé, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, Charles Alston, Hale Woodruff, Lawrence Edelin, Samuel Joseph Brown, Suzanne Ogunjami Wilson (as Suzanna Ogunjami), Leslie Garland Bowling, Aaron Douglas, Palmer Hayden, Wilmer Jennings; news notes on exhibitions by many others. The last and largest of the blockbuster Harmon Foundation exhibitions of the 1930s. Included roughly 150 artists in all media. The Malvin Gray Johnson Memorial section included the equivalent of a large solo exhibition: 35 oils and 18 watercolors; 21 works by Barthé and Johnson. [Reprint editions issued by Freeport, N.Y., Books for Libraries Press, 1971 and by Ayer Co., Salem, NH, 1991.] 8vo (23 cm.), stapled wraps. Cover illus. by Malvin Gray Johnson. NEW YORK (NY). Kenkeleba House. Unbroken Circle: Exhibition of African American Artists of the 1930's and 1940's. 1986. 36 pp., 55 b&w illus., checklist of work by 56 artists (including 10 women artists). Intro. Corinne Jennings; text by David C. Driskell, and beautiful memoir by curator / artist Vincent D. Smith. Well-chosen examples of each artist's work. Includes: Charles Alston, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Robert Blackburn, William Braxton, Selma Burke, Samuel J. Brown, Elizabeth Catlett, Claude Clark, Eldzier Cortor, Ernest Crichlow, Allan Rohan Crite, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Richard Dempsey, Reba Dickerson-Hill, Aaron Douglas, Elton Fax, Charlotte White Franklin, Meta Fuller, Herbert Gentry, Rex Goreleigh, Palmer Hayden, Humbert L. Howard, May Howard Jackson, Wilmer A. Jennings, Malvin G. Johnson, William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Paul Keene, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, James Lewis, Norman Lewis, Joan Maynard, Archibald Motley, Delilah Pierce, Robert Pious, Georgette Powell, Daniel Pressley, Donald Reid, John Rhoden, Charles Sebree, Thomas Sills, Alma Thomas, Dox Thrash, Masood A. Warren, James Wells, Charles White, Walter Williams, Ed Wilson, Ellis Wilson, John Wilson, Hale Woodruff. Text includes discussion of some additional artists: Robert Duncanson, Edmonia Lewis, Henry Tanner, Valerie Maynard, James Porter. 4to, stapled wraps. First ed. NEW YORK (NY). Metropolitan Museum of Art. African-American Artists, 1929-1945: Prints, Drawings and Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2003. 91 pp., 60 b&w illus., 7 color plates, checklist of 47 works, notes. Catalogue of an exhibition held at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, January 15-July 6, 2003. The collection is discussed topically rather than in chronological order: Cultural Heritage, North, South, Religion, Labor, Recreation, War. Texts by Lisa Mintz Messinger, Lisa Gail Collins and Rachel Mustalish ("Printmaking Techniques of the WPA Printmakers.") Artists include: Charles Alston, Romare Bearden, Bob Blackburn, Elmer W. Brown, Samuel Joseph Brown, Calvin Burnett, Elizabeth Catlett, Claude Clark, Ernest Crichlow, Allan Rohan Crite, Palmer Hayden, Jacob Lawrence, Louise E. Jefferson, Lois Mailou Jones, William H. Johnson, Wilmer Jennings, Ronald Joseph, Louise Jefferson, Hughie Lee-Smith, Norman Lewis, Horace Pippin, David Ross, Charles Sallee, Albert A. Smith, Raymond Steth, Dox Thrash, Bill Traylor, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Albert A. Smith, William E. Smith, Hale Woodruff. 4to (28 cm.; 10.8 x 8.4 in.), laminated pictorial self-wraps. First ed. NEW YORK (NY). Michael Rosenfeld Gallery. African American Art, 20th century Masterworks, VI. January 14-March 6, 1999. 60 pp., 41 color plates, 36 b&w illus. Foreword by Michael Rosenfeld. Artists include: Charles Alston, Benny Andrews, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, Selma Burke, Elizabeth Catlett, Eldzier Cortor, Harold Cousins, Allan Rohan Crite, Beauford Delaney, Sam Gilliam, Palmer Hayden, Richard Hunt, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Norman Lewis, Betye Saar, William Edouard Scott, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Bob Thompson, Bill Traylor, James VanDerZee, Charles White and Hale Woodruff. [Traveled to Flint Institute of Art, Flint, MI.] 8vo (23 cm.; 8.5 x 6 in.), pictorial stiff wraps. First ed. NEW YORK (NY). Michael Rosenfeld Gallery. African-American Art: 20th Century Masterworks. November 18-February 12, 1994. 32 pp., 29 color illus. Text by Beryl Wright. Work by 23 artists: Charles Alston, Benny Andrews, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, Elizabeth Catlett, Eldzier Cortor, Alan Rohan Crite, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Aaron Douglas, Palmer Hayden, William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Norman Lewis, Archibald Motley, Jr., Hayward Oubré, Augusta Savage, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Bob Thompson, Charles White, Hale Woodruff. Sq. 8vo (8.5 x 6 in.), pictorial stiff wraps. First ed. NEW YORK (NY). Michael Rosenfeld Gallery. Building Community: The African American Scene. January 13-March 11, 2006. 28 pp. exhib. cat., color illus. 19 artists included: Charles Alston, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Eldzier Cortor, Allan Rohan Crite, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Aaron Douglas, Robert Duncanson, Allan Freelon, Palmer Hayden, Malvin Gray Johnson, William H. Johnson, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Hughie Lee-Smith, Horace Pippin, William Edouard Scott, Henry Ossawa Tanner, James Vanderzee, Hale Woodruff. Poem by Richard Wright "We of the Streets." 12mo (16 cm.), card wraps. NEW YORK (NY). Michael Rosenfeld Gallery. Exultations: African American Art: 20th century Masterworks, II. February 1-April 8, 1995. 48 pp., 45 color plates, 3 b&w illus., exhib. checklist of 51 works by 29 artists. Text by Richard J. Powell. Includes: Charles Alston, Benny Andrews, Ernie Barnes, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, Elizabeth Catlett, Eldzier Cortor, Norman Cousins, Allan Rohan Crite, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Aaron Douglas, Sam Gilliam, Palmer Hayden, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Norman Lewis, Horace Pippin, Robert Pious, Prentice H. Polk, James A. Porter, Betye Saar, Augusta Savage, Henry O. Tanner, Bob Thompson, James VanDerZee, Charles White, Ellis Wilson, and Hale Woodruff. [Traveled to Flint Art Institute, Flint, MI.] Sq. 8vo (23 cm.; 8.5 x 6 in.), pictorial stiff wraps. First ed. NEW YORK (NY). Museum of Modern Art. New Horizons in American Art. September 16-October 12, 1936. 171 pp., illus. Intro. by Holger Cahill, the director of the Federal Art Project. Exhibition of work done during the preceding year under the Federal Art Project of the Works Progress Administration. A few African American artists included: Charles Alston, Samuel J. Brown, Allan Rohan Crite, Charles Sebree. 8vo (26 cm.), blue cloth, d.j. First ed. of 3000. NEW YORK (NY). National Urban League. Opportunity, Journal of Negro Life 9, no. 5 (May 1931). 1931. 32 pp. Cover drawing in green, black and white by E. Simms Campbell; drawing by Allan Rohan Crite. 4to (11 x 8 in.), wraps. NEW YORK (NY). Sacks Fine Art, Inc. African American Artists of the Harlem Renaissance period and later. ca. 1992. 24 pp. exhibition catalogue, b&w illus., 1 color plate, brief biogs. of artists. Intro. by Beverly Sacks. Includes: Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, Ernest Crichlow, Allan Crite, Roy DeCarava, Joseph Delaney, Aaron Douglas, Minnie Evans, John Hardrick, Palmer Hayden, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis (The Group, gouache on masonite, 8 x 4.5 in.), Edward Loper, Bernie Robynson (3 brush and ink drawings), Charles Sebree, Bob Thompson, Ellis Wilson, Hale Woodruff. Small 4to, wraps. NEW YORK (NY). Sacks Fine Art, Inc. African American Artists Then and Now. 1993. Unpag. sale catalogue, illus. A greatly expanded roster over the previous year's offering including several women artists for the first time. Listing of New York. Artists currently available includes: Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, Ernest Crichlow, Alan Rohan Crite, Eldzier Cortor, Roy DeCarava, Joseph Delaney, Beauford Delaney, John Wesley Hardrick, Palmer Hayden, Lois Mailou Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Augusta Savage, Charles Sebree, Allen Stringfellow, Henry O. Tanner, Alma Thomas, Bob Thompson, Ellis Wilson, Hale Woodruff, et al. NEW YORK (NY). Society of Illustrators, Inc. My Soul Looks Back and Wonders: The Black Experience in Illustration, 1773-2010. September, 2010. Group exhibition. Includes: Scipio Moorhead, Patrick Reason, Henry Jackson Lewis; John Henry Adams, Gil Ashby, Pedro Bell, Thomas Blackshear, Barbara H. Bond, Colin Bootman, Alexander Bostic, Bradford Brown, Elbrite Brown, Ashley Bryan, Yvonne Buchanan, Carole Byard, Elmer Simms Campbell, Mal Cann, Gregory Christie, Bryan Collier, Floyd Cooper, Nina Crewes, Donald Crews, Ernest Crichlow, Allan Rohan Crite, Pat Cummings, Frank Dillon, Aaron Douglas, Shane Evans, Elton Fax, Tom Feelings, George Ford, Jan Gilchrist, Cheryl Hanna, Oliver Harrington, James Hoston, Leonard Jenkins, Joel Peter Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Roy E. LaGrone, E. B. Lewis, Henry Jackson Lewis, Charles Lilly, Overton Loyd, Aaron McGruder, Don Miller, Christopher Myers, Kadir Nelson, Jackie Ormes, Gerald Purnell, Fred Pfeiffer, Robyn Phillips-Pendleton, Jerry Pinkney, Ivan Powell, James E. Ransome, Anna Rich, Faith Ringgold, Aminah Brenda Robinson, Reynold Ruffins, Synthia St. James, Albert Alexander Smith, Javaka Steptoe, John Lewis Steptoe, Jean Pierre Targete, Don Tate, Toni Taylor, Mozelle Thompson, Nancy Tolson, Ezra Tucker, Eric Velasquez, Laura Wheeler Waring, James Lesesne Wells, Eric Wilkerson, Hilda Rue Wilkerson, Cornelius Van Wright. NEW YORK (NY). Studio Museum in Harlem. Ritual and Myth: A Survey of African American Art. June 20-November 1, 1982. 52 pp., 8 color plates (including cover), 18 b&w illus., checklist of 70 works, bibliog. Intro. David C. Driskell; text by Leslie King Hammond. Includes 9 African sculptures; 11 early works by Edmonia Lewis, Meta Warrick Fuller, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Richmond Barthé, Aaron Douglas, and Allan Rohan Crite; 15 works by seven artists grouped as Intuitives and Visionaries: Harriet Powers, William H. Johnson, Horace Pippin, Elijah Pierce, Nellie Mae Rowe, Sister Gertrude Morgan, Elizabeth Caldwell Scott; six Caribbean artists: Wifredo Lam, Leroy Clarke, Luis Flores, Murat Brierre, Edgar Brierre, Georges Liautaud; and 28 works by fourteen contemporary African American artists under the category Contemporary Mythmakers: Melvin Edwards, Romare Bearden, Beverly Buchanan, Houston Conwill, Eldzier Cortor, Hughie Lee Smith, Lorenzo Pace, Noah Jemisin, Joyce Scott, Betye Saar, Ben Jones, George Smith, Ademola Olugebefola, Edgar H. Sorrells-Adewale. Sq. 8vo (21 cm.), pictorial stapled wraps. First ed. NEWARK (DE). University Gallery, University of Delaware. Uncommon Bonds: Expressing African American Identity. January 15-March 7, 1999. 17 artists including 7 African American artists: James VanderZee, Romare Bearden, Selma Burke, Allan Rohan Crite, Lonnie Holley, Adrian Piper, Lorna Simpson. Exhibition mounted in conjunction with a six-hour public television series entitled, "I'll Make Me a World," produced by Blackside, Inc. NEWARK (NJ). Newark Museum. Alone in a Crowd: Prints of the 1930s-40s by African-American Artists. Collection Reba and Dave Williams. December 10, 1992-February 28, 1993. 58 pp. exhib. cat., 35 illus. (8 in color), exhib. checklist of 105 prints with biogs. of all artists by Diane Cochrane, index. Excellent texts by Dougherty, Lowery S. Sims, Leslie King Hammond on Black Printmakers and the W.P.A., and Reba and Dave Williams. Includes: Charles Alston, John Biggers, Robert Blackburn, Elmer W. Brown, Samuel J. Brown, Jr., Hilda Wilkinson Brown, Calvin Burnett, Margaret Burroughs, Elizabeth Catlett, Claude Clark, Eldzier Cortor, Ernest Crichlow, Allan Crite, Charles C. Dawson, Aaron Douglas, Carl Hill, Louise Jefferson, Wilmer Jennings, William H. Johnson, Sargent Johnson, Henry Bozeman Jones, Lawrence Arthur Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Ronald Joseph, Hughie Lee-Smith, James E. Lewis, Norman Lewis, Samella Lewis, Richard W. Lindsey, William McBride, Hayward Oubré, Georgette Seabrooke Powell, David Ross, Charles Sallee, William E. Smith, Raymond Steth, Dox Thrash, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Clarence Williams, Hale Woodruff, John Wilson. [Traveled to 17 other locations.] Oblong 4to (23 x 28 cm.; 9 x 11 in.), wraps. First ed. NEWARK (NJ). Newark Museum. Black Artists: Two Generations. May 13-September 6, 1971. 36 pp. exhib. catalogue listing 115 works by 59 artists (only 10 women artists included), 58 b&w illus. plus b&w cover design by Dmitri Wright; addresses for approx. 30 artists. Text by Samuel C. Miller; poem by Paul Waters. Important record of one of the major African American exhibitions of the early 1970s. Includes: Charles Axt, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, Betty Blayton, Samuel Brown, Ernest Crichlow, Norma Criss, Allan Rohan Crite, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Beauford Delaney, Aaron Douglas, William Edmondson, Barbara Fudge, John Fudge, James Green, Palmer Hayden, Eddie Holmes, Raymond Hunt, Bill Hutson, Zell Ingram, Gerald Jackson, Bob James, Florian Jenkins, Wilmer Jennings, Ben Johnson, Jeanne Johnson, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Ben Jones, Leon Jones, Robert Knight, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Edward Loper, Frank Marshall, Marietta (Betty) Mayes, Gordon Mayes, Richard Mayhew, Don Miller, Julia Miller, Joe Overstreet, Horace Pippin, Rev. Arthur Roach, Junius Redwood, Robert Reid, Haywood Bill Rivers, Bernard Séjourne, Christopher Shelton, Margaret Slade (Kelley), George Smith, Vincent Smith, Thelma Johnson Streat, Dox Thrash, Paul Waters, Charles White, John Wilson, Hale Woodruff, and Dmitiri Wright. Small 4to (26 cm.), pictorial stapled card wraps. First ed. NORFOLK (VA). Museum of Arts and Sciences. Contemporary Painting: 32 Americans. May 1-22, 1949. Unpag. (11 pp.) exhib. cat., no illus., biogs. of artists. Includes: Frank Alston, Romare Bearden, Ashley Bryan, Eldzier Cortor, Allen R. Crite, Richard W. Dempsey, Lois Mailou Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Edward L. Loper, Frank Neal, James A. Porter, Charles Sebree, Charles White, Ellis Wilson and Hale Woodruff. Exhibition of works fromt the IBM Collection. 8vo (22 cm.), stapled wraps. OAKLAND (CA). Thelma Harris Gallery. 8th Annual White Linen Nights. 2007. Group exhibition. OTFINOSKI, STEVEN. African Americans in the Visual Arts. New York: Facts on File, 2003. x, 262 pp., 50 b&w photos of some artists, brief 2-page bibliog., index. Part of the A to Z of African Americans series. Lists over 170 visual artists (including 18 photographers) and 22 filmmakers with brief biographies and token bibliog. for each. An erratic selection, far less complete than the St. James Guide to Black Artists, and inexplicably leaving out over 250 artists of obvious historic importance (for ex.: Edwin A. Harleston, Grafton Tyler Brown, Charles Ethan Porter, Wadsworth Jarrell, John Outterbridge, Noah Purifoy, William Majors, Camille Billops, Whitfield Lovell, Al Loving, Ed Clark, John T. Scott, Maren Hassinger, Lorraine O'Grady, Winnie Owens-Hart, Adrienne Hoard, Oliver Jackson, Frederick Eversley, Glenn Ligon, Sam Middleton, Ed Hamilton, Pat Ward Williams, etc. and omitting a generation of well-established contemporary artists who emerged during the late 70s-90s. [Note: a newly revised edition of 2012 (ten pages longer) has not rendered it a worthy reference work on this topic.] 8vo (25 com), laminated papered boards. PAINTER, NELL IRVIN. Creating Black Americans: African American History and its Meanings 1619 to the Present. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005. xvi, 458 pp., 148 illus. (110 in color), 4 maps, bibliog., index. Valuable for its images. A historical and cultural narrative that stretches from Africa to hip-hop with unusual attention paid to visual work. However, Painter is a historian not an art historian and therefore deals with the art in summary fashion without discussion of its layered imagery. Artists named include: Sylvia Abernathy, Tina Allen, Charles Alston, Emma Amos, Xenobia Bailey, James Presley Ball, Edward M. Bannister, Amiri Baraka (as writer), Richmond Barthé, Jean-Michel Basquiat, C. M. Battey, Romare Bearden, Arthur P. Bedou, John T. Biggers, Camille Billops, Carroll Parrott Blue, Leslie Bolling, Chakaia Booker, Cloyd Boykin, Kay Brown, Calvin Burnett, Margaret Burroughs, Elizabeth Catlett, Dana Chandler, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Chris Clark, Claude Clarke, Houston Conwill, Brett Cook-Dizney, Allan Rohan Crite, Willis "Bing" Davis, Roy DeCarava, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Jeff Donaldson, Aaron Douglas, David C. Driskell, Robert S. Duncanson, Melvin Edwards, Tom Feelings, Roland L. Freeman, Meta Warrick Fuller, Paul Goodnight, Robert Haggins, Ed Hamilton, David Hammons, Inge Hardison, Edwin A. Harleston, Isaac Hathaway, Palmer Hayden, Kyra Hicks, Freida High-Tesfagiogis, Paul Houzell, Julien Hudson, Margo Humphrey, Richard Hunt, Clementine Hunter, Wadsworth Jarrell, Joshua Johnson, Malvin Gray Johnson, William H. Johnson, Barbara Jones-Hogu, Jacob Lawrence, Viola Burley Leak, Charlotte Lewis, Edmonia Lewis, Samella Lewis, Glenn Ligon, Estella Conwill Majozo, Valerie Maynard, Aaron McGruder, Lev Mills, Scipio Moorhead, Archibald Motley, Jr., Howardena Pindell, Horace Pippin, James A. Porter, Harriet Powers, Faith Ringgold, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, JoeSam, Melvin Samuels (NOC 167), O.L. Samuels, Augusta Savage, Joyce J. Scott, Herbert Singleton, Albert A. Smith, Morgan & Marvin Smith, Vincent Smith, Nelson Stevens, Ann Tanksley, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Dox Thrash, James Vanderzee, Kara Walker, Paul Wandless, Augustus Washington, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Pat Ward Williams, Hale Woodruff, Purvis Young. 8vo (9.4 x 8.2 in.), cloth, d.j. First ed. PHILADELPHIA (PA). African American Museum in Philadelphia. Beyond the Lines: Prints From the Collection. 2003-April 24, 2004. Group exhibition. features serigraphs, silkscreens, woodcuts, linocuts, lithographs, etchings and carborundum prints by Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Selma Burke, Elizabeth Catlett, Kerry Coppin, Allan Rohan Crite, John E. Dowell, Jr., James Dupree, Allan Freelon, Rex Goreleigh, Curlee Raven Holton, Hughie Lee-Smith, Nefertiti, John Rozelle, Dox Thrash, Ellen Powell Tiberino, Andrew Turner, James Lesesne Wells, Gilberto Wilson, and Hale Woodruff. PHILADELPHIA (PA). Woodmere Art Museum. In Search of Missing Masters: The Lewis Tanner Moore Collection of African American Art. September 28, 2008-February 22, 2009. 119 pp. exhib. cat., 133 color plates (most full-page) and several b&w illus., checklist of 135 paintings, sculptures, and works on paper by 92 artists. Texts by Lewis Tanner Moore, Curlee Raven Holton, Margaret Rose Vendryes; brief biogs. by W. Douglas, Paschall. Includes: Henry Ossawa Tanner, Amelia Amaki, Emma Amos, James Atkins, Edward M. Bannister, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, Cleveland Bellow, Bob Blackburn, Berrisford Boothe, James Brantley, Benjamin Britt, Moe Brooker, Samuel Joseph Brown, Barbara Bullock, Selma Burke, Calvin Burnett, Margaret Burroughs, Charles Burwell, Donald Camp, James Camp, William S. Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Claude Clark, Irene V. Clark, Nanette Clark, Kevin Cole, Eldzier Cortor, Ernest Crichlow, Allan Rohan Crite, Roy Crosse, Joseph Delaney, Marita Dingus, David C. Driskell, James Dupree, Walter Edmonds, Allan Edmunds, James Edwards, Melvin Edwards, Allan Freelon, Reginald Gammon, Herbert Gentry, Sam Gilliam, Rex Goreleigh, Barkley Hendricks, Curley Holton, Humbert Howard, Edward Ellis Hughes, Bill Hutson, Leroy Johnson, Martina Joshnson-Allen, Lois Mailou Jones, Ron H. Jones, Paul Keene, Glenn F. Kellum, Columbus Knox, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Ed Loper, Al Loving, Deryl Daniel Mackie, Ulysses Marshall, Richard Mayhew, John McDaniel, Thaddeus G. Mosley, Frank Neal, George Neal, Hayward Oubre, Carlton Parker, Janet Taylor Pickett, Howardena Pindell, Charles Pridgen, Faith Ringgold, Leo Robinson, Qaaim Salik, Raymond Saunders, Charles Searles, Charles Sebree, Sterling Shaw, Louis Sloan, Raymond Steth, Phil Sumpter, Dox Thrash, Ellen Powell Tiberino, Andrew Turner, Howard Watson, Richard Watson, James Lesesne Wells, William T. Williams, Ellis Wilson, John Wilson, and Hale Woodruff. 4to, self-wraps. First ed. PLOSKI, HARRY A., ed. The Negro Almanac: A Reference Work on the Afro-American. New York: A Wiley-Interscience Publication, 1983. 1550 pp. Includes essay on The Black Artist. Gylbert Coker cited as art consultant. Many misspellings. Artists mentioned include: Scipio Moorhead, James Porter, Eugene Warburg, Robert Duncanson, William H. Simpson, Edward M. Bannister, Joshua Johnston, Robert Douglass, David Bowser, Edmonia Lewis, Henry O. Tanner, William Harper, Dorothy Fannin, Meta Fuller, Archibald Motley, Palmer Hayden. Malvin Gray Johnson, Laura Waring, William E. Scott, Hughie Lee-Smith, Zell Ingram, Charles Sallee, Elmer Brown, William E. Smith, George Hulsinger, James Herring, Aaron Douglas, Augusta Savage, Charles Alston, Hale Woodruff, Charles White, Richmond Barthé, Malvin Gray Johnson, Henry Bannarn, Florence Purviance, Dox Thrash, Robert Blackburn, James Denmark, Dindga McCannon, Frank Wimberly, Ann Tanksley, Don Robertson, Lloyd Toones, Lois Jones, Jo Butler, Robert Threadgill, Faith Ringgold, Romare Bearden, Ernest Crichlow, Norman Lewis, Jimmy Mosley, Samella Lewis, F. L. Spellmon, Phillip Hampton, Venola Seals Jennings, Juanita Moulon, Eugene Jesse Brown, Hayward Oubré, Ademola Olugebefola, Otto Neals, Kay Brown, Jean Taylor, Genesis II, David Hammons, Senga Nengudi, Randy Williams, Howardena Pindell, Edward Spriggs, Beauford Delaney, James Vanderzee, Melvin Edwards, Vincent Smith, Alonzo Davis, Dale Davis, Margaret Burroughs, Elizabeth Catlett, Gordon Parks, Rex Goreleigh, William McBride, Jr., Eldzier Cortor, James Gittens, Joan Maynard. Kynaston McShine, Coker, Cheryl McClenney, Faith Weaver, Randy Williams, Florence Hardney, Dolores Wright, Cathy Chance, Lowery Sims, Richard Hunt, Roland Ayers, Frank Bowling, Marvin Brown, Walter Cade, Catti, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Manuel Hughes, Barkley Hendricks, Juan Logan, Alvin Loving, Tom Lloyd, Lloyd McNeill, Algernon Miller, Norma Morgan, Mavis Pusey, Betye Saar, Raymond Saunders, Thomas Sills, Thelma Johnson Streat, Alma Thomas, John Torres, Todd Williams, Mahler Ryder, Minnie Evans, Jacob Lawrence, Haywood Rivers, Edward Clark, Camille Billops, Joe Overstreet, Louise Parks, Herbert Gentry, William Edmondson, James Parks, Marion Perkins, Bernard Goss, Reginald Gammon, Emma Amos, Charles Alston, Richard Mayhew, Al Hollingsworth, Calvin Douglass, Merton Simpson, Earl Miller, Felrath Hines, Perry Ferguson, William Majors, James Yeargans. Ruth Waddy; Evangeline Montgomery, Jeff Donaldson, Wadsworth Jarrell, Gerald Williams, Carolyn Lawrence, Barbara Jones-Hogu, Frank Smith, Howard Mallory, Napoleon Jones-Henderson, Nelson Stevens, Vivian Browne, Kay Brown, William Harper, Isaac Hathaway, Julien Hudson, May Howard Jackson, Edmonia Lewis, Patrick Reason, William Simpson, A. B. Wilson, William Braxton, Allan Crite, Alice Gafford, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, William Artis, John Biggers, William Carter, Joseph Delaney, Elton Fax, Frederick Flemister, Ronald Joseph, Horace Pippin, Charles Sebree, Bill Traylor, Ellis Wilson, John Wilson, Starmanda Bullock, Dana Chandler, Raven Chanticleer, Roy DeCarava, John Dowell, Sam Gilliam, David Hammons, Daniel Johnson, Geraldine McCullough, Earl Miller, Clarence Morgan, Norma Morgan, Skunder Boghossian, Bob Thompson, Clifton Webb, Jack Whitten. 4to, cloth. 4th ed. PORTER, JAMES A. Modern Negro Art. New York: Dryden Press, 1943. 200 pp. text and indices, bibliog, index of names, plus 76 pp. illus. (4 colorplates.) Foundation reference work from which many others still take their information. Includes: John Henry Adams, Jr., Charles Alston, William E. Artis, Henry A. Avery, Henry (Mike) Bannarn, Edward Mitchell Bannister, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, Gwendolyn Bennett, Edmund Bereal, Bob Blackburn, Leslie G. Bolling, David Bustill Bowser, William Ernest Braxton, Elmer Brown, Hilda Brown (also listed as Hilda Wilkerson), Richard L. Brown, Samuel J. Brown, Selma Burke, John P. Burr, E. Simms Campbell, John Carlis, Jr., Fred Carlo, William S. Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, John G. Chaplin, Samuel O. Collins, William Arthur Cooper, Eldzier Cortor, Ernest Crichlow, Allan Rohan Crite, Robert Crump, Charles Davis, Thomas Day, Charles C. Davis, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Elba Lightfoot DeReyes, Joseph C. DeVillis, Frank J. Dillon, Aaron Douglas, Robert S. Duncanson, William Edmondson, William M. Farrow, Slave of Thomas Fleet, Frederick C. Flemister, B.E. Fountaine (as Fontaine), Allan Freelon, Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller, John W. Gore, Rex Goreleigh, Bernard Goss, Henry Gudgell, John Hailstalk, Clark Hampton, John W. Hardrick, John T. Hailstalk, Edwin A. Harleston, William A. Harper, Oliver Harrington (as Henry), Marcellus Hawkins, Palmer Hayden, Vertis Hayes, James V. Herring, G. W. Hobbs (now known to have been a white artist), Charles F. Holland, Fred Hollingsworth, Julien Hudson, George Hulsinger, Thomas W. Hunster, Sterling V. Hykes, Zell Ingram, John Spencer Jackson, May Howard Jackson, Wilmer Jennings, Everett Johnson, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Joshua Johnston, Allen Jones, Henry B. Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Ronald Joseph, Joseph Kersey, Jacob Lawrence, Clarence Lawson, Bertina Lee, Hughie Lee-Smith, Edmonia Lewis, Norman Lewis, Robert H. Lewis, Gerrit Loguen, Edward Loper, Scipio Moorhead, Lenwood Morris, Lottie E. Moss, Archibald J. Motley, Jr., George E. Neal, Robert L. Neal, Alexandre Pickhil, Horace Pippin, Georgette Seabrooke Powell, Pauline Powell, Nelson A. Primus, Elizabeth Prophet, Patrick Reason, Earle W. Richardson, William Ross, Winfred Russell, Charles L. Sallee, Augusta Savage, William E. Scott, Charles Sebree, William Simpson, Albert A. Smith, William E. Smith, Ella Spencer, Teresa Staats, Edward Stidum, Curtis E. Tann, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Dox Thrash, W.O. Thompson, Neptune Thurston, Thurmond Townsend, Vidal, Earl Walker, Daniel Warburg, Eugene Warburg, Laura Wheeler Waring, James Lesesne Wells, Aedina White, Charles White, James Williams, A.B. Wilson, Hale Woodruff. [Reprinted in 1969 with a new preface by Porter; and in 1992 in an important scholarly edition by Howard University Press with new introduction by David Driskell, a James A. Porter chronology by Constance Porter Uzelac, and including the prefaces to all prior editions.] 8vo, wraps. Reprint ed. POWELL, RICHARD. African American Art. 2005. Entry in AFRICANA: The Encyclopeida of the African and African American Experience (Ed. Henry Louis Gates Jr. and Kwame Anthony Appiah. Oxford University Press; April 2005.) Includes mention of: Scipio Moorhead, Joshua Johnson, Patrick Reason, William Simpson, Robert Douglass, Daniel and Eugene Warburg, Edmonia Lewis, Robert S. Duncanson, Edward M. Bannister, William Harper, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Harriet Powers, Edwin A. Harleston, Isaac Scott Hathaway, May Howard Jackson, John Henry Adams, Jr., Meta Warrick Fuller, Palmer C. Hayden, Malvin Gray Johnson, Laura Wheeler Waring, Richmond Barthé, Sargent Johnson, Augusta Savage, Archibald J. Motley, Jr., Allan Rohan Crite, Ernest Crichlow, Dox Thrash, William Edmondson, Jacob Lawrence, Horace Pippin, William H. Johnson, Charles Sebree, Eldzier Cortor, Hughie-Lee Smith, Charles White, Minnie Evans, James Hampton, Bob Thompson, Romare Bearden, Murry N. DePillars, Ben Jones, Dana Chandler, Jeff Donaldson, Lois Mailou Jones, John T. Biggers, Elizabeth Catlett, Frank Bowling, Sam Gilliam, Richard Hunt, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Raymond Saunders, Alma Thomas, Al Loving, Ed Clark, Joe Overstreet, Jack Whitten, William T. Williams, Clementine Hunter, Sister Gertrude Morgan, Barkley L. Hendricks, Ernie Barnes, Benny Andrews, Betye Saar, (David Driskell, Samella Lewis and Ruth Waddy - as curators), David Hammons, Robert Colescott, Houston Conwill, Alison Saar, Renée Stout, Albert Chong, Lyle Ashton Harris, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Glenn Ligon, Lorna Simpson, Dawoud Bey, Renée Cox, Lorraine O'Grady, Kerry James Marshall, Howardena Pindell, Gary Simmons, Kara Walker, and Fred Wilson. REYNOLDS, GARY A. and BERYL J. WRIGHT. Against the Odds: African American Artists and the Harmon Foundation. Newark: The Newark Museum, 1989. 298 pp., 129 illus., 28 in color, plus photos of all artists, exhib. Checklist of 130 works, Harmon Foundation exhib. records and awards, bibliog., index. A major reference catalogue with eight important scholarly texts by David Driskell, Gary A. Reynolds, Richard J. Powell, Deborah Willis, and Beryl J. Wright. Artists include: James Latimer Allen, William Ellisworth Artis, Richmond Barthé, Leslie Garland Bolling, Samuel Joseph Brown, Jr., Allan Rohan Crite, Charles Clarence Dawson, Beauford Delaney, Frank Joseph Dillon, William McKnight Farrow, Allan Randall Freelon, King Daniel Ganaway; Edwin Augustus Harleston, Palmer Hayden, Wilmer Angier Jennings, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Claude Johnson, William Henry Johnson, Henry Bozeman Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Archibald John Motley Jr., Edgar Eugene Phipps, Robert Savon Pious, James Amos Porter, Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, Augusta Savage, William Edouard Scott, Albert Alexander Smith, James Lesesne Wells, Ellis Wilson, Hale Aspacio Woodruff. 4to (29 x 23 cm.), cloth, dust jacket. First ed. RIGGS, THOMAS, ed. St. James Guide to Black Artists. Detroit: St. James Press, 1997. xxiv, 625 pp., illus. A highly selective reference work listing only approximately 400 artists of African descent worldwide (including around 300 African American artists, approximately 20% women artists.) Illus. of work or photos of many artists, brief descriptive texts by well-known scholars, with selected list of exhibitions for each, plus many artists' statements. A noticeable absence of many artists under 45, most photographers, and many women artists. Far fewer artists listed here than in Igoe, Cederholm, or other sources. Stout 4to (29 cm.), laminated yellow papered boards. First ed. ROCHELLE, BELINDA. Words with Wings: A Treasury of African-American poetry and art. New York: Amistad/ HarperCollins, 2001. Unpag. (48 pp.), 20 color plates. Twenty works of art by 16 African American artists paired with twenty poems by twenty poets such as Gwendolyn Brooks, Alice Walker, Langston Hughes, Nikki Giovanni, Maya Angelou. Designed as a juvenile audience book. Artists include: Jacob Lawrence, Lev Mills, Charles Dawson, Robert Duncanson, William H. Johnson, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Hughie Lee-Smith, Romare Bearden, Charles Searles, Elizabeth Catlett, Beauford Delaney, Allan Rohan Crite, Horace Pippin, Augusta Savage, Aaron Douglas, Emilio Cruz. 8vo, cloth. SALEM (MA). Peabody Essex Museum. In Conversation: Modern African American Art. June 1-September 2, 2013. Group exhibition of over 100 paintings, sculptures and photographs by 43 artists, drawn from the Smithsonian American Art Museum's collection. Included: Benny Andrews, John T. Biggers, Frederick T. Brown, Allan Rohan Crite, Roy DeCarava, Beauford Delaney, Thornton Dial, Frederick Eversley, Roland Freeman, Tony Gleaton, Earlie Hudnall, Jr., William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Norman Lewis, Robert McNeill, Marilyn Nance, Gordon Parks, Sr., Alma Thomas, Bob Thompson, and James Vanderzee, among many others. SAN ANTONIO (TX). San Antonio Museum of Art. The Harmon and Harriet Kelley Collection of African American Art. February 4-April 3, 1994. 68 pp. exhib. cat., 59 illus., 23 color plates, checklist of 124 works, bibliog. Essays by Gylbert Coker and Corinne Jennings. Artists in the exhibition: Charles Alston, Benny Andrews, John W. Banks, Edward Bannister, Basquiat, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Grafton Tyler Brown, Samuel J. Brown, William Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Claude Clark, Sr., John Coleman, Eldzier Cortor, Ernest Crichlow, Allan Crite, Mary R. Daniel, Alonzo Davis, Joseph Delaney, Thornton Dial, Aaron Douglas, Robert S. Duncanson, Minnie Evans, William Farrow, Rex Goreleigh, John W. Hardrick, William A. Harper, Palmer Hayden, Clementine Hunter, J. Johnson, William H. Johnson, Frank Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Norman Lewis, Samella Lewis, Lionel Lofton, Edward L. Loper, Ulysses Marshall, Sam Middleton, Sister Gertrude Morgan, Ike Morgan, Emma Lee Moss, Archibald Motley, Marion Perkins, Charles Ethan Porter, Patrick Reason, Charles Sallee, Raymond Saunders, William E. Scott, Charles Sebree, William E. Smith, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Alma Thomas, Dox Thrash, William Tolliver, Bill Traylor, James Vanderzee, Laura Wheeler Waring, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Ellis Wilson, John Wilson, Hale Woodruff, and Joseph Yoakum. [Traveled to: El Paso Museum of Art, El Paso, TX; Michael C. Carlos Museum, Emory University, Atlanta, GA; Butler Institute of American Art, Youngstown, OH; Hunter Museum of Art, Chattanooga, TN.] 4to (28 cm.), pictorial wraps. First ed. SHANNON, HOPE J. Legendary Locals of Boston s South End. Arcadia, 2014. 128 pp., photos. Includes: Allan Rohan Crite. 8vo (23.5 x 16.5), wraps. SPRADLING, MARY MACE. In Black and White: Afro-Americans in Print. Kalamazoo: Kalamazoo Public Library, 1980. 2 vols. 1089 pp. Includes: John H. Adams, Ron Adams, Alonzo Aden, Muhammad Ali, Baba Alabi Alinya, Charles Alston, Charlotte Amevor, Benny Andrews, Ralph Arnold, William Artis, Ellsworth Ausby, Jacqueline Ayer, Calvin Bailey, Jene Ballentine, Casper Banjo, Henry Bannarn, Edward Bannister, Dutreuil Barjon, Ernie Barnes, Carolyn Plaskett Barrow, Richmond Barthé, Beatrice Bassette, Ad Bates, Romare Bearden, Phoebe Beasley, Roberta Bell, Cleveland Bellow, Ed Bereal, Arthur Berry, DeVoice Berry, Cynthia Bethune, Charles Bible, John Biggers, Camille Billops, Bob Blackburn, Irving Blaney, Bessie Blount, Gloria Bohanon, Leslie Bolling, Shirley Bolton, Charles Bonner, Michael Borders, John Borican, Earl Bostic, Augustus Bowen, David Bowser, David Bradford, Edward Brandford, Brumsic Brandon, William Braxton, Arthur Britt Sr., Benjamin Britt, Sylvester Britton, Elmer Brown, Fred Brown, Kay Brown, Margery Brown, Richard L. Brown, Samuel Brown, Vivian E. Browne, Henry Brownlee, Linda Bryant, Starmanda Bullock, Juana Burke, Selma Burke, Eugene Burkes, Viola Burley, Calvin Burnett, John Burr, Margaret Burroughs, Nathaniel Bustion, Sheryle Butler, Elmer Simms Campbell, Thomas Cannon, Nick Canyon, Edward Carr, Art Carraway, Ted Carroll, Joseph S. Carter, William Carter, Catti, George Washington Carver, Yvonne Catchings, Elizabeth Catlett, Mitchell Caton, Dana Chandler, Kitty Chavis, George Clack, Claude Clark, Ed Clark, J. Henrik Clarke, Leroy Clarke, Ladybird Cleveland, Floyd Coleman, Donald Coles, Margaret Collins, Paul Collins, Sam Collins, Dan Concholar, Arthur Coppedge, Wallace X. Conway, Leonard Cooper, William A. Cooper, Art Coppedge, Eldzier Cortor, Samuel Countee, Harold Cousins, William Craft, Cleo Crawford, Marva Cremer, Ernest Crichlow, Allan Crite, Jerrolyn Crooks, Harvey Cropper, Doris Crudup, Robert Crump, Dewey Crumpler, Frank E. Cummings, William Curtis, Mary Reed Daniel, Alonzo Davis, Charles Davis, Willis "Bing" Davis, Dale Davis, Charles C. Dawson, Juette Day, Thomas Day, Roy DeCarava, Paul DeCroom, Avel DeKnight, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Richard Dempsey, Murry DePillars, Robert D'Hue, Kenneth Dickerson, Leo Dillon, Raymond Dobard, Vernon Dobard, Jeff Donaldson, Aaron Douglas, Emory Douglas, Robert Douglass, Glanton Dowdell, David Driskell, Yolande Du Bois, Robert Duncanson, Eugenia Dunn, John Dunn, Adolphus Ealey, Eugene Eda, Melvin Edwards, Gaye Elliington, Annette Ensley, Marion Epting, Minnie Evans, Frederick Eversley, James Fairfax, Kenneth Falana, Allen Fannin, John Farrar, William Farrow, Elton Fax, Muriel Feelings, Tom Feelings, Frederick Flemister, Mikelle Fletcher, Curt Flood, Thomas Floyd, Doyle Foreman, Mozelle Forte (costume and fabric designer), Amos Fortune, Mrs. C.R. Foster, Inez Fourcard (as Fourchard), John Francis, Miriam Francis, Allan Freelon, Meta Warrick Fuller, Stephany Fuller, Gale Fulton-Ross, Ibibio Fundi, Alice Gafford, Otis Galbreath, West Gale, Reginald Gammon, Jim Gary, Herbert Gentry, Joseph Geran, Jimmy Gibbez, Sam Gilliam, Robert Glover, Manuel Gomez, Russell Gordon, Rex Goreleigh, Bernard Goss, Samuel Green, William Green, Donald Greene, Joseph Grey, Ron Griffin, Eugene Grigsby, Henry Gudgell, Charles Haines, Clifford Hall, Horathel Hall, Wesley Hall, David Hammons, James Hampton, Phillip Hampton, Lorraine Hansberry, Marvin Harden, Arthur Hardie, Inge Hardison, John Hardrick, Edwin Harleston, William A. Harper, Gilbert Harris, John Harris, Maren Hassinger, Isaac Hathaway, Frank Hayden, Kitty Hayden, Palmer Hayden, Vertis Hayes, Wilbur Haynie, Dion Henderson, Ernest Herbert, Leon Hicks, Hector Hill, Tony Hill, Geoffrey Holder, Al Hollingsworth, Varnette Honeywood, Earl Hooks, Humbert Howard, James Howard, Raymond Howell, Julien Hudson, Manuel Hughes, Margo Humphrey, Thomas Hunster, Richard Hunt, Clementine Hunter, Norman Hunter, Orville Hurt, Bill Hutson, Nell Ingram, Tanya Izanhour, Ambrose Jackson, Earl Jackson, May Jackson, Nigel Jackson, Suzanne Jackson, Walter Jackson, Louise Jefferson, Ted Joans, Daniel Johnson, Lester L. Johnson, Jr., Malvin Gray Johnson, Marie Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Joshua Johnston, Barbara Jones, Ben Jones, Calvin Jones, Frederick D. Jones Jr., James Arlington Jones, Lawrence Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Eddie Jack Jordan, Ronald Joseph, Lemuel Joyner, Paul Keene, Elyse J. Kennart, Joseph Kersey, Gwendolyn Knight, Lawrence Compton Kolawole, Oliver LaGrone, Artis Lane, Doyle Lane, Raymond Lark, Lewis H. Latimer, Jacob Lawrence, Clarence Lawson, Bertina Lee, Joanna Lee, Peter Lee, Hughie Lee-Smith, Leon Leonard, Curtis Lewis, Edmonia Lewis, James Edward Lewis, Norman Lewis, Samella Lewis, Charles Lilly, Henri Linton, Jules Lion, Romeyn Lippman, Tom Lloyd, Jon Lockard, Juan Logan, Willie Longshore, Ed Loper, Ed Love, Al Loving, Geraldine McCullough, Lawrence McGaugh, Charles McGee, Donald McIlvaine, James McMillan, William McNeil, Lloyd McNeill, David Mann, William Marshall, Helen Mason, Philip Mason, Winifred Mason, Calvin Massey, Lester (Nathan) Mathews, William Maxwell, Richard Mayhew, Valerie Maynard, Yvonne Meo, Sam Middleton, Onnie Millar, Aaron Miller, Eva Miller, Lev Mills, P'lla Mills, Evangeline J. Montgomery, Arthur Monroe, Frank Moore, Ron Moore, Scipio Moorhead, Norma Morgan, Ken Morris, Calvin Morrison, Jimmie Mosely, Leo Moss, Lottie Moss, Archibald Motley, Hugh Mulzac, Frank Neal, George Neal, Otto Neals, Shirley Nero, Effie Newsome, Nommo, George Norman, Georg Olden, Ademola Olugebefola, Conora O'Neal (fashion designer), Cora O'Neal, Lula O'Neal, Pearl O'Neal, Ron O'Neal, Hayward Oubré, John Outterbridge, Carl Owens, Lorenzo Pace, Alvin Paige, Robert Paige, William Pajaud, Denise Palm, Norman Parish, Jules Parker, James Parks, Edgar Patience, Angela Perkins, Marion Perkins, Michael Perry, Jacqueline Peters, Douglas Phillips, Harper Phillips, Delilah Pierce, Howardena Pindell, Horace Pippin, Julie Ponceau, James Porter, Leslie Price, Ramon Price, Nelson Primus, Nancy Prophet, Noah Purifoy, Teodoro Ramos Blanco y Penita, Otis Rathel, Patrick Reason, William Reid, John Rhoden, Barbara Chase-Riboud, William Richmond, Percy Ricks, Gary Rickson, John Riddle, Gregory Ridley, Faith Ringgold, Malkia Roberts, Brenda Rogers, Charles Rogers, George Rogers, Arthur Rose, Nancy Rowland, Winfred Russell, Mahler Ryder, Betye Saar, Charles Sallee, Marion Sampler, John Sanders, Walter Sanford, Raymond Saunders, Augusta Savage, William E. Scott, Charles Sebree, Thomas Sills, Carroll Simms, Jewel Simon, Walter Simon, Merton Simpson, William H. Simpson, Louis Slaughter, Gwen Small, Albert A. Smith, Alvin Smith, Hughie Lee-Smith, John Henry Smith, Jacob Lawrence, John Steptoe, Nelson Stevens, Edward Stidum, Elmer C. Stoner, Lou Stovall, Henry O. Tanner, Ralph Tate, Betty Blayton Taylor, Della Taylor, Bernita Temple, Herbert Temple, Alma Thomas, Elaine Thomas, Larry Thomas, Carolyn Thompson, Lovett Thompson, Mildred Thompson, Mozelle Thompson, Robert (Bob) Thompson, Dox Thrash, Neptune Thurston, John Torres, Nat Turner, Leo Twiggs, Bernard Upshur, Royce Vaughn, Ruth Waddy, Anthony Walker, Earl Walker, Larry Walker, William Walker, Daniel Warburg, Eugene Warburg, Carole Ward, Laura Waring, Mary P. Washington, James Watkins, Lawrence Watson, Edward Webster, Allen A. Weeks, Robert Weil, James Wells, Pheoris West, Sarah West, John Weston, Delores Wharton, Amos White, Charles White, Garrett Whyte, Alfredus Williams, Chester Williams, Douglas R. Williams, Laura Williams, Matthew Williams, Morris Williams, Peter Williams, Rosetta Williams (as Rosita), Walter Williams, William T. Williams, Ed Wilson, Ellis Wilson, Fred Wilson, John Wilson, Stanley Wilson, Vincent Wilson, Hale Woodruff, Bernard Wright, Charles Young, Kenneth Young, Milton Young. [Note the 3rd edition consists of two volumes published by Gale Research in 1980, with a third supplemental volume issued in 1985.] Large stout 4tos, red cloth. 3rd revised expanded edition. ST LOUIS (MO). St. Louis Public Library. An index to Black American artists. St. Louis: St. Louis Public Library, 1972. 50 pp. Also includes art historians such as Henri Ghent. In this database, only artists are cross-referenced. 4to (28 cm.) STORRS (CT). William Benton Museum of Art, University of Connecticut. Currents: Works by African American Artists in the Benton Collection. March 12-May 25, 2005. Paintings, prints, drawings, and photographs. Includes: Henry Ossawa Tanner, Norman Lewis, Allan Rohan Crite, Charles White, Kara Walker and Carrie Mae Weems. SYRACUSE (NY). Community Folk Art Gallery, Syracuse University. 25 Years Later. Thru March 5, 1998. Group exhibition honoring Allan Rohan Crite with work by five artists from Saratoga and Schenectady including Niki June Borland and others. TAHA, HALIMA. Collecting African American Art: Works on Paper and Canvas. New York: Crown, 1998. xvi, 270 pp., approx. 150 color plates, brief bibliog., index, appendices of art and photo dealers, museums and other resources. Intro. by Ntozake Shange. Forewords by Dierdre Bibby and Samella Lewis. Text consists of a few sentences at best on most of the hundreds of listed artists. Numerous typos and other errors and misinformation throughout. 4to (29 cm.), laminated papered boards, d.j. THOMISON, DENNIS. The Black Artist in America: An Index to Reproductions. Metuchen: Scarecrow Press, 1991. Includes: index to Black artists, bibliography (including doctoral dissertations and audiovisual materials.) Many of the dozens of spelling errors and incomplete names have been corrected in this entry and names of known white artists omitted from our entry, but errors may still exist in this entry, so beware: Jesse Aaron, Charles Abramson, Maria Adair, Lauren Adam, Ovid P. Adams, Ron Adams, Terry Adkins, (Jonathan) Ta Coumba T. Aiken, Jacques Akins, Lawrence E. Alexander, Tina Allen, Pauline Alley-Barnes, Charles Alston, Frank Alston, Charlotte Amevor, Emma Amos (Levine), Allie Anderson, Benny Andrews, Edmund Minor Archer, Pastor Argudin y Pedroso [as Y. Pedroso Argudin], Anna Arnold, Ralph Arnold, William Artis, Kwasi Seitu Asante [as Kwai Seitu Asantey], Steve Ashby, Rose Auld, Ellsworth Ausby, Henry Avery, Charles Axt, Roland Ayers, Annabelle Bacot, Calvin Bailey, Herman Kofi Bailey, Malcolm Bailey, Annabelle Baker, E. Loretta Ballard, Jene Ballentine, Casper Banjo, Bill Banks, Ellen Banks, John W. Banks, Henry Bannarn, Edward Bannister, Curtis R. Barnes, Ernie Barnes, James MacDonald Barnsley, Richmond Barthé, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Daniel Carter Beard, Romare Bearden, Phoebe Beasley, Falcon Beazer, Arthello Beck, Sherman Beck, Cleveland Bellow, Gwendolyn Bennett, Herbert Bennett, Ed Bereal, Arthur Berry, Devoice Berry, Ben Bey, John Biggers, Camille Billops, Willie Birch, Eloise Bishop, Robert Blackburn, Tarleton Blackwell, Lamont K. Bland, Betty Blayton, Gloria Bohanon, Hawkins Bolden, Leslie Bolling, Shirley Bolton, Higgins Bond, Erma Booker, Michael Borders, Ronald Boutte, Siras Bowens, Lynn Bowers, Frank Bowling, David Bustill Bowser, David Patterson Boyd, David Bradford, Harold Bradford, Peter Bradley, Fred Bragg, Winston Branch, Brumsic Brandon, James Brantley, William Braxton, Bruce Brice, Arthur Britt, James Britton, Sylvester Britton, Moe Brooker, Bernard Brooks, Mable Brooks, Oraston Brooks-el, David Scott Brown, Elmer Brown, Fred Brown, Frederick Brown, Grafton Brown, James Andrew Brown, Joshua Brown, Kay Brown, Marvin Brown, Richard Brown, Samuel Brown, Vivian Browne, Henry Brownlee, Beverly Buchanan, Selma Burke, Arlene Burke-Morgan, Calvin Burnett, Margaret Burroughs, Cecil Burton, Charles Burwell, Nathaniel Bustion, David Butler, Carole Byard, Albert Byrd, Walter Cade, Joyce Cadoo, Bernard Cameron, Simms Campbell, Frederick Campbell, Thomas Cannon (as Canon), Nicholas Canyon, John Carlis, Arthur Carraway, Albert Carter, Allen Carter, George Carter, Grant Carter, Ivy Carter, Keithen Carter, Robert Carter, William Carter, Yvonne Carter, George Washington Carver, Bernard Casey, Yvonne Catchings, Elizabeth Catlett, Frances Catlett, Mitchell Caton, Catti, Charlotte Chambless, Dana Chandler, John Chandler, Robin Chandler, Barbara Chase-Riboud, Kitty Chavis, Edward Christmas, Petra Cintron, George Clack, Claude Clark Sr., Claude Lockhart Clark, Edward Clark, Irene Clark, LeRoy Clarke, Pauline Clay, Denise Cobb, Gylbert Coker, Marion Elizabeth Cole, Archie Coleman, Floyd Coleman, Donald Coles, Robert Colescott, Carolyn Collins, Paul Collins, Richard Collins, Samuel Collins, Don Concholar, Wallace Conway, Houston Conwill, William A. Cooper, Arthur Coppedge, Jean Cornwell, Eldzier Cortor, Samuel Countee, Harold Cousins, Cleo Crawford, Marva Cremer, Ernest Crichlow, Norma Criss, Allan Rohan Crite, Harvey Cropper, Geraldine Crossland, Rushie Croxton, Doris Crudup, Dewey Crumpler, Emilio Cruz, Charles Cullen (White artist), Vince Cullers, Michael Cummings, Urania Cummings, DeVon Cunningham, Samuel Curtis, William Curtis, Artis Dameron, Mary Reed Daniel, Aaron Darling, Alonzo Davis, Bing Davis, Charles Davis, Dale Davis, Rachel Davis, Theresa Davis, Ulysses Davis, Walter Lewis Davis, Charles C. Davis, William Dawson, Juette Day, Roy DeCarava, Avel DeKnight, Beauford Delaney, Joseph Delaney, Nadine Delawrence, Louis Delsarte, Richard Dempsey, J. Brooks Dendy, III (as Brooks Dendy), James Denmark, Murry DePillars, Joseph DeVillis, Robert D'Hue, Kenneth Dickerson, Voris Dickerson, Charles Dickson, Frank Dillon, Leo Dillon, Robert Dilworth, James Donaldson, Jeff Donaldson, Lillian Dorsey, William Dorsey, Aaron Douglas, Emory Douglas, Calvin Douglass, Glanton Dowdell, John Dowell, Sam Doyle, David Driskell, Ulric S. Dunbar, Robert Duncanson, Eugenia Dunn, John Morris Dunn, Edward Dwight, Adolphus Ealey, Lawrence Edelin, William Edmondson, Anthony Edwards, Melvin Edwards, Eugene Eda [as Edy], John Elder, Maurice Ellison, Walter Ellison, Mae Engron, Annette Easley, Marion Epting, Melvyn Ettrick (as Melvin), Clifford Eubanks, Minnie Evans, Darrell Evers, Frederick Eversley, Cyril Fabio, James Fairfax, Kenneth Falana, Josephus Farmer, John Farrar, William Farrow, Malaika Favorite, Elton Fax, Tom Feelings, Claude Ferguson, Violet Fields, Lawrence Fisher, Thomas Flanagan, Walter Flax, Frederick Flemister, Mikelle Fletcher, Curt Flood, Batunde Folayemi, George Ford, Doyle Foreman, Leroy Foster, Walker Foster, John Francis, Richard Franklin, Ernest Frazier, Allan Freelon, Gloria Freeman, Pam Friday, John Fudge, Meta Fuller, Ibibio Fundi, Ramon Gabriel, Alice Gafford, West Gale, George Gamble, Reginald Gammon, Christine Gant, Jim Gary, Adolphus Garrett, Leroy Gaskin, Lamerol Gatewood, Herbert Gentry, Joseph Geran, Ezekiel Gibbs, William Giles, Sam Gilliam, Robert Glover, William Golding, Paul Goodnight, Erma Gordon, L. T. Gordon, Robert Gordon, Russell Gordon, Rex Goreleigh, Bernard Goss, Joe Grant, Oscar Graves, Todd Gray, Annabelle Green, James Green, Jonathan Green, Robert Green, Donald Greene, Michael Greene, Joseph Grey, Charles Ron Griffin, Eugene Grigsby, Raymond Grist, Michael Gude, Ethel Guest, John Hailstalk, Charles Haines, Horathel Hall, Karl Hall, Wesley Hall, Edward Hamilton, Eva Hamlin-Miller, David Hammons, James Hampton, Phillip Hampton, Marvin Harden, Inge Hardison, John Hardrick, Edwin Harleston, William Harper, Hugh Harrell, Oliver Harrington, Gilbert Harris, Hollon Harris, John Harris, Scotland J. B. Harris, Warren Harris, Bessie Harvey, Maren Hassinger, Cynthia Hawkins (as Thelma), William Hawkins, Frank Hayden, Kitty Hayden, Palmer Hayden, William Hayden, Vertis Hayes, Anthony Haynes, Wilbur Haynie, Benjamin Hazard, June Hector, Dion Henderson, Napoleon Jones-Henderson, William Henderson, Barkley Hendricks, Gregory A. Henry, Robert Henry, Ernest Herbert, James Herring, Mark Hewitt, Leon Hicks, Renalda Higgins, Hector Hill, Felrath Hines, Alfred Hinton, Tim Hinton, Adrienne Hoard, Irwin Hoffman, Raymond Holbert, Geoffrey Holder, Robin Holder, Lonnie Holley, Alvin Hollingsworth, Eddie Holmes, Varnette Honeywood, Earl J. Hooks, Ray Horner, Paul Houzell, Helena Howard, Humbert Howard, John Howard, Mildred Howard, Raymond Howell, William Howell, Calvin Hubbard, Henry Hudson, Julien Hudson, James Huff, Manuel Hughes, Margo Humphrey, Raymond Hunt, Richard Hunt, Clementine Hunter, Elliott Hunter, Arnold Hurley, Bill Hutson, Zell Ingram, Sue Irons, A. B. Jackson, Gerald Jackson, Harlan Jackson, Hiram Jackson, May Jackson, Oliver Jackson, Robert Jackson, Suzanne Jackson, Walter Jackson, Martha Jackson-Jarvis, Bob James, Wadsworth Jarrell, Jasmin Joseph [as Joseph Jasmin], Archie Jefferson, Rosalind Jeffries, Noah Jemison, Barbara Fudge Jenkins, Florian Jenkins, Chester Jennings, Venola Jennings, Wilmer Jennings, Georgia Jessup, Johana, Daniel Johnson, Edith Johnson, Harvey Johnson, Herbert Johnson, Jeanne Johnson, Malvin Gray Johnson, Marie Johnson-Calloway, Milton Derr (as Milton Johnson), Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Joshua Johnston, Ben Jones, Calvin Jones, Dorcas Jones, Frank A. Jones, Frederick D. Jones, Jr. (as Frederic Jones), Henry B. Jones, Johnny Jones, Lawrence Arthur Jones, Leon Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Nathan Jones, Tonnie Jones, Napoleon Jones-Henderson, Barbara Jones-Hogu, Jack Jordan, Cliff Joseph, Ronald Joseph, Lemuel Joyner, Edward Judie, Michael Kabu, Arthur Kaufman, Charles Keck, Paul Keene, John Kendrick, Harriet Kennedy, Leon Kennedy, Joseph Kersey; Virginia Kiah, Henri King, James King, Gwendolyn Knight, Robert Knight, Lawrence Kolawole, Brenda Lacy, (Laura) Jean Lacy, Roy LaGrone, Artis Lane, Doyle Lane, Raymond Lark, Carolyn Lawrence, Jacob Lawrence, James Lawrence, Clarence Lawson, Louis LeBlanc, James Lee, Hughie Lee-Smith, Lizetta LeFalle-Collins, Leon Leonard, Bruce LeVert, Edmonia Lewis, Edwin E. Lewis, Flora Lewis, James E. Lewis, Norman Lewis, Roy Lewis, Samella Lewis, Elba Lightfoot, Charles Lilly [as Lily], Arturo Lindsay, Henry Linton, Jules Lion, James Little, Marcia Lloyd, Tom Lloyd, Jon Lockard, Donald Locke, Lionel Lofton, Juan Logan, Bert Long, Willie Longshore, Edward Loper, Francisco Lord, Jesse Lott, Edward Love, Nina Lovelace, Whitfield Lovell, Alvin Loving, Ramon Loy, William Luckett, John Lutz, Don McAllister, Theadius McCall, Dindga McCannon, Edward McCluney, Jesse McCowan, Sam McCrary, Geraldine McCullough, Lawrence McGaugh, Charles McGee, Donald McIlvaine, Karl McIntosh, Joseph Mack, Edward McKay, Thomas McKinney, Alexander McMath, Robert McMillon, William McNeil, Lloyd McNeill, Clarence Major, William Majors, David Mann, Ulysses Marshall, Phillip Lindsay Mason, Lester Mathews, Sharon Matthews, William (Bill) Maxwell, Gordon Mayes, Marietta Mayes, Richard Mayhew, Valerie Maynard, Victoria Meek, Leon Meeks, Yvonne Meo, Helga Meyer, Gaston Micheaux, Charles Mickens, Samuel Middleton, Onnie Millar, Aaron Miller, Algernon Miller, Don Miller, Earl Miller, Eva Hamlin Miller, Guy Miller, Julia Miller, Charles Milles, Armsted Mills, Edward Mills, Lev Mills, Priscilla Mills (P'lla), Carol Mitchell, Corinne Mitchell, Tyrone Mitchell, Arthur Monroe, Elizabeth Montgomery, Ronald Moody, Ted Moody, Frank Moore, Ron Moore, Sabra Moore, Theophilus Moore, William Moore, Leedell Moorehead, Scipio Moorhead, Clarence Morgan, Norma Morgan, Sister Gertrude Morgan, Patricia Morris, Keith Morrison, Lee Jack Morton, Jimmie Mosely, David Mosley, Lottie Moss, Archibald Motley, Hugh Mulzac, Betty Murchison, J. B. Murry, Teixera Nash, Inez Nathaniel, Frank Neal, George Neal, Jerome Neal, Robert Neal, Otto Neals, Robert Newsome, James Newton, Rochelle Nicholas, John Nichols, Isaac Nommo, Oliver Nowlin, Trudell Obey, Constance Okwumabua, Osira Olatunde, Kermit Oliver, Yaounde Olu, Ademola Olugebefola, Mary O'Neal, Haywood Oubré, Simon Outlaw, John Outterbridge, Joseph Overstreet, Carl Owens, Winnie Owens-Hart, Lorenzo Pace, William Pajaud, Denise Palm, James Pappas, Christopher Parks, James Parks, Louise Parks, Vera Parks, Oliver Parson, James Pate, Edgar Patience, John Payne, Leslie Payne, Sandra Peck, Alberto Pena, Angela Perkins, Marion Perkins, Michael Perry, Bertrand Phillips, Charles James Phillips, Harper Phillips, Ted Phillips, Delilah Pierce, Elijah Pierce, Harold Pierce, Anderson Pigatt, Stanley Pinckney, Howardena Pindell, Elliott Pinkney, Jerry Pinkney, Robert Pious, Adrian Piper, Horace Pippin, Betty Pitts, Stephanie Pogue, Naomi Polk, Charles Porter, James Porter, Georgette Powell, Judson Powell, Richard Powell, Daniel Pressley, Leslie Price, Ramon Price, Nelson Primus, Arnold Prince, E. (Evelyn?) Proctor, Nancy Prophet, Ronnie Prosser, William Pryor, Noah Purifoy, Florence Purviance, Martin Puryear, Mavis Pusey, Teodoro Ramos Blanco y Penita, Helen Ramsaran, Joseph Randolph; Thomas Range, Frank Rawlings, Jennifer Ray, Maxine Raysor, Patrick Reason, Roscoe Reddix, Junius Redwood, James Reed, Jerry Reed, Donald Reid, O. Richard Reid, Robert Reid, Leon Renfro, John Rhoden, Ben Richardson, Earle Richardson, Enid Richardson, Gary Rickson, John Riddle, Gregory Ridley, Faith Ringgold, Haywood Rivers, Arthur Roach, Malkia Roberts, Royal Robertson, Aminah Robinson, Charles Robinson, John N. Robinson, Peter L. Robinson, Brenda Rogers, Charles Rogers, Herbert Rogers, Juanita Rogers, Sultan Rogers, Bernard Rollins, Henry Rollins, Arthur Rose, Charles Ross, James Ross, Nellie Mae Rowe, Sandra Rowe, Nancy Rowland, Winfred Russsell, Mahler Ryder, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Charles Sallee, JoeSam., Marion Sampler, Bert Samples, Juan Sanchez, Eve Sandler, Walter Sanford, Floyd Sapp, Raymond Saunders, Augusta Savage, Ann Sawyer, Sydney Schenck, Vivian Schuyler Key, John Scott (Johnny) , John Tarrell Scott, Joyce Scott, William Scott, Charles Searles, Charles Sebree, Bernard Sepyo, Bennie Settles, Franklin Shands, Frank Sharpe, Christopher Shelton, Milton Sherrill, Thomas Sills, Gloria Simmons, Carroll Simms, Jewell Simon, Walter Simon, Coreen Simpson, Ken Simpson, Merton Simpson, William Simpson, Michael Singletary (as Singletry), Nathaniel Sirles, Margaret Slade (Kelley), Van Slater, Louis Sloan, Albert A. Smith, Alfred J. Smith, Alvin Smith, Arenzo Smith, Damballah Dolphus Smith, Floyd Smith, Frank Smith, George Smith, Howard Smith, John Henry Smith, Marvin Smith, Mary T. Smith, Sue Jane Smith, Vincent Smith, William Smith, Zenobia Smith, Rufus Snoddy, Sylvia Snowden, Carroll Sockwell, Ben Solowey, Edgar Sorrells, Georgia Speller, Henry Speller, Shirley Stark, David Stephens, Lewis Stephens, Walter Stephens, Erik Stephenson, Nelson Stevens, Mary Stewart, Renée Stout, Edith Strange, Thelma Streat, Richard Stroud, Dennis Stroy, Charles Suggs, Sharon Sulton, Johnnie Swearingen, Earle Sweeting, Roderick Sykes, Clarence Talley, Ann Tanksley, Henry O. Tanner, James Tanner, Ralph Tate, Carlton Taylor, Cecil Taylor, Janet Taylor Pickett, Lawrence Taylor, William (Bill) Taylor, Herbert Temple, Emerson Terry, Evelyn Terry, Freida Tesfagiorgis, Alma Thomas, Charles Thomas, James "Son Ford" Thomas, Larry Erskine Thomas, Matthew Thomas, Roy Thomas, William Thomas (a.k.a. Juba Solo), Conrad Thompson, Lovett Thompson, Mildred Thompson, Phyllis Thompson, Bob Thompson, Russ Thompson, Dox Thrash, Mose Tolliver, William Tolliver, Lloyd Toone, John Torres, Elaine Towns, Bill Traylor, Charles Tucker, Clive Tucker, Yvonne Edwards Tucker, Charlene Tull, Donald Turner, Leo Twiggs, Alfred Tyler, Anna Tyler, Barbara Tyson Mosley, Bernard Upshur, Jon Urquhart, Florestee Vance, Ernest Varner, Royce Vaughn, George Victory, Harry Vital, Ruth Waddy, Annie Walker, Charles Walker, Clinton Walker, Earl Walker, Lawrence Walker, Raymond Walker [a.k.a. Bo Walker], William Walker, Bobby Walls, Daniel Warburg, Eugene Warburg, Denise Ward-Brown, Evelyn Ware, Laura Waring, Masood Ali Warren, Horace Washington, James Washington, Mary Washington, Timothy Washington, Richard Waters, James Watkins, Curtis Watson, Howard Watson, Willard Watson, Richard Waytt, Claude Weaver, Stephanie Weaver, Clifton Webb, Derek Webster, Edward Webster, Albert Wells, James Wells, Roland Welton, Barbara Wesson, Pheoris West, Lamonte Westmoreland, Charles White, Cynthia White, Franklin White, George White, J. Philip White, Jack White (sculptor), Jack White (painter), John Whitmore, Jack Whitten, Garrett Whyte, Benjamin Wigfall, Bertie Wiggs, Deborah Wilkins, Timothy Wilkins, Billy Dee Williams, Chester Williams, Douglas Williams, Frank Williams, George Williams, Gerald Williams, Jerome Williams, Jose Williams, Laura Williams, Matthew Williams, Michael K. Williams, Pat Ward Williams, Randy Williams, Roy Lee Williams, Todd Williams, Walter Williams, William T. Williams, Yvonne Williams, Philemona Williamson, Stan Williamson, Luster Willis, A. B. Wilson, Edward Wilson, Ellis Wilson, Fred Wilson, George Wilson, Henry Wilson, John Wilson, Stanley C. Wilson, Linda Windle, Eugene Winslow, Vernon Winslow, Cedric Winters, Viola Wood, Hale Woodruff, Roosevelt Woods, Shirley Woodson, Beulah Woodard, Bernard Wright, Dmitri Wright, Estella Viola Wright, George Wright, Richard Wyatt, Frank Wyley, Richard Yarde, James Yeargans, Joseph Yoakum, Bernard Young, Charles Young, Clarence Young, Kenneth Young, Milton Young. WASHINGTON (DC). American Art Museum, Smithsonian Institution. African American Art: Harlem Renaissance, Civil Rights Era and Beyond. April 27-September 3, 2012. 256 pp. exhib. cat., color and b&w illus. Text by Richard J. Powell, with catalogue entries by Virginia Mecklenburg, Theresa Slowik and Maricia Battle. Curated by Virginia Mecklenburg. A selection of paintings, sculpture, prints, and photographs by forty-three black artists who explored the African American experience from the Harlem Renaissance through the Civil Rights era and the decades beyond. [Traveling to: Muscarelle Museum of Art, The College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA, September 28, 2012-January 6, 2013; Mennello Museum of American Art, Orlando, FL, February 1-April 28, 2013; Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, MA, June 1-September 2, 2013; Hunter Museum of American Art, Chattanooga, TN, February 14-May 25, 2014; Crocker Art Museum, Sacramento, CA, June 28-September 21, 2014; Everson Museum of Art, Syracuse, NY, October 18, 2014-January 4, 2015.] 4to (12.3 x 10.3 in.), cloth, d.j. First ed. WASHINGTON (DC). Anacostia Museum and Center for African American History and Culture. Locating the Spirit: Religion and Spirituality in African American Art. February 14-June 15, 1999. 27 pp. exhib. cat., 39 illus. (most in color). Texts by Deborah Willis, Leslie King-Hammond, Halima Taha. Artists include: Akili Ron Anderson, Radcliffe Bailey, Romare Bearden, Donald Bernard, John Biggers, David Boothman, Archie Byron, Schroeder Cherry, Carl Clark, Linda Day Clark, Alvin Clayton, Floyd Coleman, Adger W. Cowans, Allan Rohan Crite, Michael Cunningham, Willis Bing Davis, Nadine DeLawrence, Aaron Douglas, David Driskell, James E. Dupree, Espi Frazier, L'Merchie Frazier, Reginald Gammon, Eugene J. Grigsby, Jr., Leslie King-Hammond, Michael D. Harris, Chester Higgins, Reginald L. Jackson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Ben Jones, Winston Kennedy, Melvina Lathan, Nashormeh Lindo, Arturo Lindsay, Valerie Maynard, Tom Miller, Evangeline J. Montgomery, Sister Gertrude Morgan, Yahya Muhammad, Ademola Olugebefola, Mary Lovelace O'Neal, Lorenzo Pace, Johnice I. Parker, James Phillips, Paula Phillips, Elijah Pierce, Horace Pippin, Sheila Pree, Ken Royster, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Jeffrey Scales, Meg Henson Scales, Michael E. Scoffield, Elizabeth Talford Scott, Joyce Scott, Danny Simmons, Clarissa Sligh, David Smedley, Frank Smith, MeiTei Sing Smith, Nelson Stevens, Renée Stout, Allen tringfellow, Nina G. Squires, Henry Ossawa Tanner, William B. Taylor, James W. Washington, Jr., Richard J. Watson, James L Wells, Pheoris West, Carlton Wilkinson, Richard Yarde. 4to (28 cm.), stapled wraps. First ed. WASHINGTON (DC). Corcoran Gallery of Art. 16th Biennial Exhibition of Contemporary American Painting. 1939. Juried group exhibition. Included: Allan Rohan Crite. The first recorded exhibition of a work by an African American artist at the Corcoran, who presumably exhibited the work without knowing that it was by a black artist. Lois Mailou Jones and other Washington artists have stated that it was the unofficial policy of the Corcoran to discriminate against black artists. WASHINGTON (DC). Howard University Gallery of Art. American Art from the Howard University Collection. Howard University, 2000. Narration by Tritobia Benjamin. A selection from the collection at Howard University of over 4500 works. Includes primarily 19th and 20th-century (pre-1950) African American art. The works selected address one or more of the following themes: Forever Free: Emancipation Visualized, The First Americans, Training the Head, Hand and the Heart, The American Portrait Gallery, American Expressionism, and Modern Lives, Modern Impulses. A production on CD-ROM by Howard University Television (WHUT-TV), Howard University Radio (WHUR-FM) and Information Systems and Services. Black artists include: William Artis, Edward M. Bannister, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, Skunder Boghossian, Hilda Wilkinson Brown, Samuel J. Brown, Selma Burke, Elizabeth Catlett, Eldzier Cortor, Allan Rohan Crite, Charles C. Davis, Aaron Douglas, David Driskell, Robert Duncanson, Sam Gilliam, Isaac Hathaway, May Howard Jackson, Malvin Johnson, William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Edmonia Lewis, Archibald J. Motley, Lenwood Morris, Horace Pippin, James Porter, Faith Ringgold, John Robinson, Charles Sallee, Augusta Savage, Charles Sebree, William H. Simpson, Albert A. Smith, William E. Smith, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Dox Thrash, Laura Wheeler Waring, James Weeks, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Franklin White, Walter J. Williams, George L. Wilson, Hale Woodruff. CD-ROM WASHINGTON (DC). Howard University Gallery of Art. Art of the American Negro. October 31-November 15, 1937. Exhib. cat., brief biogs. Group exhibition curated by Alonzo Aden. Included: Robert(?) Bannister, Hilda Brown, Allen Crite, Samuel Countee, Aaron Douglas, Elton Fax, Allan Freelon, Edwin Harleston, Palmer Hayden, Henry Hudson, Henry B. Jones, Malvin Gray Johnson, William H. Johnson, Archibald Motley, James A. Porter, Dan Terry Reid, William Simpson, Charles Sallee, Charles Sebree, William E. Scott, Henry O. Tanner, George Walker, Annie Walker, Laura Waring, James Lesesne Wells, Hale Woodruff. WASHINGTON (DC). Howard University Gallery of Art. Mixing Metaphors: The Aesthetic, the Social and the Political in African American Art. August 14-December 17, 2010. Exhib. cat., illus. Group traveling exhibition. Curated by Deborah Willis - a selection from the Bank of America collection. 94 photographs, paintings, prints, drawings, sculpture and mixed media executed by 37 artists ranging from range from photographers Ernest C. Withers, Robert Sengstacke, Jamel Shabazz, Lorna Simpson, Chuck Stewart, Gordon Parks, Dawoud Bey, Carrie Mae Weems, and James VanDerZee to Henry Clay Anderson, Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Willie Birch, Beverly Buchanan, Walter Cade, Kevin E. Cole, Robert Colescott, Allan Rohan Crite, Allan Edmunds, Lawrence Finney, Sam Gilliam, Earlie Hudnall, Margo Humphrey, Jacob Lawrence. Willie Little, Juan Logan, Whitfield Lovell, Julie Mehretu, Martin Puryear, Faith Ringgold, Mario A. Robinson, Raymond Saunders, Leo Twiggs, James W. Washington, William T. Williams, and Fred Wilson. [Traveled to: The Jimmy Carter Presidential Library & Museum, Atlanta, GA, March 19-July 31, 2011.] WASHINGTON (DC). Library of Congress. Seventy Five Years of Freedom: Commemoration of the 75th Anniversary of the Proclamation of the 13th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1943. Mostly an annotated list of books and manuscripts on black history, however it also includes remarks on the exhibition curated by Alonzo Aden, and list of exhibitors (pp. 39-43). Included: Frank H. Alston, John Ingliss Atkinson, Henry Avery, Romare Bearden, Bob Blackburn, Samuel Brown, William S. Carter, Claude Clark, Sr., Eldzier Cortor, Samuel A. Countee, Ernest Crichlow, Allan Rohan Crite, Charles C. Davis, Selma Day, Joseph Delaney, Aaron Douglas, Elba Lightfoot DeReyes, Walter W. Ellison, John S. Glenn, Bernard Goss, Palmer Hayden, Fred Hollingsworth, Humbert Howard, Wilmer Jennings, Malvin G. Johnson, William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Ronald Joseph, Joseph Kersey, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Edward Loper, John Lutz, Archibald Motley, James A. Porter, Georgette Seabrooke Powell, Angelica Pozo, Bryant Ringle, Charles Salee, William E. Scott, Charles Sebree, Raymond Steth, Dox Thrash, Earl Walker, James W. Washington, Jr., James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, and Hale Woodruff. WASHINGTON (DC). National Museum of American Art. Descriptive Catalogue of Painting and Sculpture in the National Museum of American Art. Boston: G. K. Hall & Co., 1983. Of historical interest. As of October 31, 1982, the holdings included (multiple works indicated in paretheses): Edward Bannister, Ed Bereal, Claude Clark, Sr., Eldzier Cortor, Allan Rohan Crite (2), Emilio Cruz (3), Joseph Delaney, William Edmondson, Minnie Evans, Sam Gilliam (7), James Hampton, Palmer Hayden, Felrath Hines, Richard Hunt, Malvin Gray Johnson (2), Sargent Claude Johnson, William H. Johnson (177) Jacob Lawrence, Charles Searles, Henry O. Tanner, Alma Woodsey Thomas, (26), Bob Thompson (5), Laura Wheeler Waring (2), and Ellis Wilson. [For a fuller picture of the national holdings of African American art at this time see also National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; Permanent Collection Illustrated Checklist.] WASHINGTON (DC). National Museum of American Art. Free Within Ourselves: African-American Artists in the Collection of the National Museum of American Art. 1992. 205 pp., over 100 illus., 90 in excellent color, bibliog., list of works, checklist of 105 artists represented in National Museum of American Art. Curated and text by Regenia A. Perry. 32 artists discussed: Edward Mitchell Bannister, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Frederick J. Brown, Elizabeth Catlett, Allan Rohan Crite, Beauford Delaney, Robert S. Duncanson, William Edmondson, Minnie Evans, Sam Gilliam, James Hampton, Palmer Hayden, Richard Hunt, Joshua Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Frank Jones, Lois Mailou Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Edmonia Lewis, Sister Gertrude Morgan, Keith Morrison, Marilyn Nance, James A. Porter, Augusta Savage, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Alma Thomas, Bob Thompson, Bill Traylor, Hale Woodruff, and Joseph Yoakum. Other artists mentioned as part of the collection, but not featured: Leroy Almon, Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Steve Ashby, Ed Bereal, Wendell T. Brooks, Samuel Joseph Brown, Vivian E. Browne, Richard Burnside, Claude Clark, Houston Conwill, Eldzier Cortor, Emilio Cruz, William Dawson, Hilliard Dean, Roy DeCarava, Joseph Delaney, Richard Dempsey, Arthur "Pete" Dilbert, John Edward Dowell, Jr., Melvin Edwards, Frederick Eversley, Josephus Farmer, Walter Flax, Roland L. Freeman, Herbert Gentry, William Hawkins, Felrath Hines, Lonnie Holley, Margo Humphrey, Mr. Imagination, Keith Jenkins, Malvin Gray Johnson, Larry Francis Lebby, Norman Lewis, Ed Loper, Richard Mayhew, Eric Calvin McDonald, Lloyd McNeill, Robert McNeill, Inez Nathaniel-Walker, Joseph Norman, Leslie Payne, Elijah Pierce, Howardena Pindell, Michael Platt, Earle Richardson, John N. Robinson, Nellie Mae Rowe, Charles Sallee Charles Searles, Charles Sebree, Frank Smith, Edgar Sorrells-Adewale, Henry Speller, Raymond Steth, Lou Stovall, Jimmie Lee Sudduth, Mildred Thompson, Dox Thrash, Mose Tolliver, Laura Wheeler Waring, James W. Washington, Jr., Edward B. Webster, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Franklin A. White, George W. White, Jr., Ellis Wilson, Richard Yarde, Kenneth Young. [Traveled to: Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, CT; IBM Gallery of Science and Art, New York, NY; Crocker Art Museum, Sacramento, CA; Memphis Brooks Museum of Art, Memphis, TN; The Columbus Museum, Columbus, GA.] Small 4to, cloth, dust jacket. First ed. WASHINGTON (DC). National Museum of American Art, Smithsonian Institute. Picturing Old New England: Image and Memory. April 2-August 22, 1999. Group exhibition. Included: Allan Rohan Crite ("Boston Street Scene" 1937.) WASHINGTON (DC). Smithsonian Museum of American Art. African American Art: Harlem Renaissance, Civil Rights Era, and Beyond. April 27-September 3, 2012. 252 pp. exhib. cat., illus. Text by Richard J. Powell, Virginia Mecklenburg, Theresa Slowik. Curated by Virginia Mecklenburg. Paintings, sculpture, prints, and photographs by 43 black artists, a total of 100 works drawn entirely from the Smithsonian American Art Museum collection, including new acquisitions. [Will travel to: Muscarelle Museum of Art, The College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA, September 28, 2012-January 6, 2013; Mennello Museum of American Art, Orlando, FL, February 1-April 28, 2013; Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, MA, June 1-September 2, 2013; Albuquerque Museum of Art, Albuquerque, NM, September 29, 2013-January 19, 2014; Hunter Museum of American Art, Chattanooga, TN, February 14-May 25, 2014; Crocker Art Museum, Sacramento, CA, June 28-September 21, 2014; Everson Museum of Art, Syracuse, NY, October 18, 2014-January 4, 2015.] 4to (12 x 10 in.), cloth, d.j. First ed. WASHINGTON (DC). Smithsonian Museum of American Art. African American Masters: Highlights from the Smithsonian American Art Museum. New York: Abrams, 2003. 112 pp., 52 color plates, bibliog., index. Text by Gwen Everett. Includes: Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, John T. Biggers, Allan Rohan Crite, Roy DeCarava, Beauford Delaney, Melvin Edwards, Roland Freeman, Sam Gilliam, Russell T. Gordon, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Norman Lewis, Whitfield Lovell, Robert McNeill, Gordon Parks, Horace Pippin, James Porter, Betye Saar, Renée Stout, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Alma Thomas, James Vanderzee, Hale Woodruff, Purvis Young, et al. [Traveled to: New-York Historical Society, April 1-June 1, 2003, Cheekwood Museum of Art, Nashville, TN, June 28-September 7, 2003, Cummer Museum of Art and Gardens, Jacksonville, FL, October 2-November 30, 2003, Cincinnati Art Museum, January 8-March 7, 2004, Currier Museum of Art, Manchester, NH, April 3-June 7, 2004, Delaware Art Museum, Wilmington, DE, July 2-September 5, Long Beach Museum of Art, October 3-November 28, Utah Museum of Fine Arts, Salt Lake City, UT, January 8-February 28, 2005, Spelman College Museum of Fine Arts, Atlanta, GA, March 24-May 13, 2005.] Sq. 4to (25 cm.), cloth, d.j. First ed. WATERVILLE (ME). Colby College Art Museum. Freedom of Expression: Politics and Aesthetics in African American Art. March 4-June 13, 2010. Group exhibition. Included: Edward M. Bannister, Romare Bearden, Allan Rohan Crite, Beauford Delaney, David Driskell, Sam Gilliam, William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Jean Lacy, Jacob Lawrence, Glenn Ligon, Martin Puryear, Alison Saar, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Bob Thompson, James Vanderzee, Mr. Imagination, Charles White, Fred Wilson, Hale Woodruff. WELD, ALISON, ed. Art by African Americans in the Collection of the New Jersey State Museum. Trenton: The New Jersey State Museum, 1998. 159 pp., b&w and color illus., chronology of Black America (by Larry Greene), selected general bibliog., checklist of 170 works. Foreword by David C. Driskell; individual biographical texts (some with footnotes) and full-page color plate for each of the 60 artists by Alison Weld (curator), Sharon Patton, Margaret Rose Vendryes, Tritobia H. Benjamin, James Smalls, Carl E. Hazlewood, Calvin Reid, and Ronne Hartfield. Artists included in this selection: Uthman Ibn Abdur-Rahmen, Terry Adkins, Emma Amos, Benny Andrews, Edward Mitchell Bannister, Anthony Barboza, Romare Bearden, Frank Bowling, Wendell T. Brooks, James Andrew Brown, Selma Burke, Willie Cole, Allan Rohan Crite, Victor Davson, Roy DeCarava, Nadine DeLawrence, Thornton Dial, Sr., Robert S. Duncanson, William Edmondson, Melvin Edwards, Minnie Evans, Sam Gilliam, Rex Goreleigh, Gladys Grauer, Renée Green, Larry Hilton, Milton Hinton, Lonnie Holley, Diane Horn, Manuel Hughes, Richard Hunt, Joshua Johnson, Ben Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Norman Lewis, James Little, Tom Lloyd, Al Loving, Thomas Malloy, John Moore, Sister Gertrude Morgan, Joe Overstreet, Lorenzo Pace, Gordon Parks, Janet T. Pickett, Horace Pippin, P.H. Polk, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, Mei Tei-Sing Smith, Chuck Stewart, Alma Thomas, Bob Thompson, Dox Thrash, Bill Traylor, James VanDerZee, Shawn Walker, Charles White, and Hale Woodruff. An exhibition of the same name (September 19-December 31, 1998) was organized to accompany publication of the catalogue. 4to (28 cm.), wraps. First ed. WEST NYACK (NY). Rockland Center for the Arts. African-American Printmaking, 1838 to the Present. October 8-November 19, 1995. 26 pp. exhib. cat., 9 b&w illus., brief but substantial biogs. of each artist, full exhib. checklist. Text by Harry Henderson. Group exhibition. Co-curated by Cynthia Hawkins and Lena Hyun. Included 74 works by 46 artists: Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, John T. Biggers, Camille Billops, Bob Blackburn, Marvin Brown, Vivian E. Browne, Selma Burke, Margaret Burroughs, Nanette Carter, Elizabeth Catlett, Eldzier Cortor, Ernest Crichlow, Allan Rohan Crite, Melvin Edwards, Elton Fax, Allan R. Freelon, Robin Holder, Margo Humphrey, Wilmer Jennings, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Ronald Joseph, Mohammad Omer Khalil, Jacob Lawrence, Hughie Lee-Smith, Norman Lewis, Alvin D. Loving, William Majors, Richard Mayhew, Stephanie Pogue, Patrick Reason, Faith Ringgold, Aminah Brenda L. Robinson, Albert A. Smith, Vincent D. Smith, Raymond Steth, Henry Ossawa Tanner, Mildred Thompson, Dox Thrash, James Lesesne Wells, Charles White, Michael Kelly Williams, William T. Williams, John Wilson, and Hale Woodruff. Oblong 8vo, stapled pictorial wraps. First ed. WINTZ, CARY D. and PAUL FINKELMAN, eds. Encyclopedia of the Harlem Renaissance. Routledge, 2004. An obvious inadequate allowance of space for the visual arts in the general subject entries. Only those artists allotted a biography entry receive any serious attention at all. Includes: Charles Alston, Richmond Barthé, Romare Bearden, William E. Braxton, Samuel Countee, Allan Rohan Crite, Beauford Delaney, Aaron Douglas, William McKnight Farrow, Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller, Edwin A. Harleston, Palmer Hayden, Malvin Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, William H. Johnson, Lois Mailou Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Archibald J. Motley, Jr., Nancy Elizabeth Prophet, Augusta Savage, William Edouard Scott, Frank Sheinall, Albert A. Smith, Henry Ossawa Tanner, James Vanderzee, Hale Woodruff. African-American topicsAfrican AmericaHistory (timeline)[show]Culture[show]Religion[show]Political movements[show]Civic / economic groups[show]Sports[show]Ethnic subdivisions[show]Languages[show]Diaspora[show]Lists[show]Category: African-American societyAmericaAfrica.svg African American portalvteAfrican-American art is a broad term describing the visual arts of the American black community (African Americans). Influenced by various cultural traditions, including those of Africa, Europe and the Americas, traditional African-American art forms include the range of plastic arts, from basket weaving, pottery, and quilting to woodcarving and painting. Contents1History1.1Pre-colonial, Antebellum and Civil War eras1.2Post-Civil War1.3The Harlem Renaissance to contemporary art1.3.1Mid-20th century2See also3References4Sources5External linksHistoryPre-colonial, Antebellum and Civil War eras This is the carved powder horn by carver John Bush from around 1754. Harriet Powers, Bible quilt, Mixed Media. 1898.Prior to the 20th century, African-American art existed during the French and Indian War. John Bush was a powder horn carver and soldier with the Massachusetts militia fighting with the British. His work has toured throughout Canada and the US.[1][2] His powder horn of 1756 has been part of a travelling exhibition throughout Canada and US.[3][4] Art continued in subsequent slave communities, through the end of the 20th century, African-American art has made a vital contribution to the art of the United States.[5] During the period between the 17th century and the early 19th century art took the form of small drums, quilts, wrought-iron figures and ceramic vessels in the southern United States; these artifacts have similarities with comparable crafts in West and Central Africa. In contrast, black artisans like the New England–based engraver Scipio Moorhead and the Baltimore portrait painter Joshua Johnson created art that was conceived in a western European fashion for their local markets.[6] Many of Africa’s most skilled artisans were enslaved in the Americas, while others learned their trades or crafts as apprentices to African or white skilled workers. It was often the practice for slave owners to hire out skilled artisans. With the consent of their masters, some slave artisans also were able to keep a small percentage of the wages earned in their free time and thereby save enough money to purchase their, and their families', freedom.[7] G. W. Hobbs, Patrick H. Reason, Joshua Johnson, and Scipio Moorhead were among the earliest known portrait artists, from the period of 1773–1887. Patronage by some white families allowed for private tutorship in special cases. Many of these sponsoring whites were abolitionists. The artists received more encouragement and were better able to support themselves in cities, of which there were more in the North and border states. Harriet Powers (1837–1910) was an African-American folk artist and quilt maker from rural Georgia, United States, born into slavery. Now nationally recognized for her quilts, she used traditional appliqué techniques to record local legends, Bible stories, and astronomical events on her quilts. Only two of her late quilts have survived: Bible Quilt 1886 and Bible Quilt 1898. Her quilts are considered among the finest examples of 19th-century Southern quilting,.[8][9] Like Powers, the women of Gee's Bend developed a distinctive, bold, and sophisticated quilting style based on traditional American (and African-American) quilts, but with a geometric simplicity. Although widely separated by geography, they have qualities reminiscent of Amish quilts and modern art. The women of Gee's Bend passed their skills and aesthetic down through at least six generations to the present.[10] At one time scholars believed slaves sometimes utilized quilt blocks to alert other slaves about escape plans during the time of the Underground Railroad,[11] but most historians do not agree. Quilting remains alive as form of artistic expression in the African-American community. Post-Civil WarAfter the Civil War, it became increasingly acceptable for African American-created works to be exhibited in museums, and artists increasingly produced works for this purpose. These were works mostly in the European romantic and classical traditions of landscapes and portraits. Edward Mitchell Bannister, Henry Ossawa Tanner and Edmonia Lewis are the most notable of this time. Others include Grafton Tyler Brown, Nelson A. Primus and Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller. The goal of widespread recognition across racial boundaries was first eased within America's big cities, including Philadelphia, Boston, Chicago, New York, and New Orleans. Even in these places, however, there were discriminatory limitations. Abroad, however, African Americans were much better received. In Europe — especially Paris, France — these artists could express much more freedom in experimentation and education concerning techniques outside traditional western art. Freedom of expression was much more prevalent in Paris as well as Munich and Rome to a lesser extent. The Harlem Renaissance to contemporary art Sand Dunes at Sunset, Atlantic City by Henry Ossawa Tanner is in the collection of the White House, and hangs in the Green Room. Acquired during the Clinton administration with funds from the White House Acquisition Trust, it is the first artwork in the White House by an African American.The Harlem Renaissance was one of the most notable movements in African-American art. Certain freedoms and ideas that were already widespread in many parts of the world at the time had begun to spread into the artistic communities United States during the 1920s. During this period notable artists included Richmond Barthé, Aaron Douglas, Lawrence Harris, Palmer Hayden, William H. Johnson, Sargent Johnson, John T. Biggers, Earle Wilton Richardson, Malvin Gray Johnson, Archibald Motley, Augusta Savage, Hale Woodruff, and photographer James Van Der Zee. The establishment of the Harmon Foundation by art patron William E. Harmon in 1922 sponsored many artists through its Harmon Award and annual exhibitions. As it did with many such endeavors, the 1929 Great Depression largely ended funding for the arts for a time. While the Harmon Foundation still existed in this period, its financial support toward artists ended. The Harmon Foundation, however, continued supporting artists until 1967 by mounting exhibitions and offering funding for developing artists such as Jacob Lawrence.[12] Midnight Golfer by Eugene J. Martin, mixed media collage on rag paper. Kara Walker, Cut, Cut paper and adhesive on wall, Brent Sikkema NYC.The US Treasury Department's Public Works of Art Project ineffectively attempted to provide support for artists in 1933. In 1935, President Franklin D. Roosevelt created the Works Progress Administration (WPA). The WPA provided for all American artists and proved especially helpful to African-American artists. Artists and writers both gained work that helped them survive the Depression. Among them were Jacob Lawrence and Richard Wright. Politics, human and social conditions all became the subjects of accepted art forms. Important cities with significant black populations and important African-American art circles included Philadelphia, Boston, San Francisco and Washington, D.C. The WPA led to a new wave of important black art professors. Mixed media, abstract art, cubism, and social realism became not only acceptable, but desirable. Artists of the WPA united to form the 1935 Harlem Artists Guild, which developed community art facilities in major cities. Leading forms of art included drawing, sculpture, printmaking, painting, pottery, quilting, weaving and photography. By 1939, the costly WPA and its projects all were terminated. In 1943, James A. Porter, a professor in the Department of Art at Howard University, wrote the first major text on African-American art and artists, Modern Negro Art. Mid-20th centuryIn the 1950s and 1960s, few African-American artists were widely known or accepted. Despite this, The Highwaymen, a loose association of 26 African-American artists from Fort Pierce, Florida, created idyllic, quickly realized images of the Florida landscape and peddled some 200,000 of them from the trunks of their cars. In the 1950s and 1960s, it was impossible to find galleries interested in selling artworks by a group of unknown, self-taught African Americans,[13] so they sold their art directly to the public rather than through galleries and art agents. Rediscovered in the mid-1990s, today they are recognized as an important part of American folk history.[14][15] The current market price for an original Highwaymen painting can easily bring in thousands of dollars. In 2004 the original group of 26 Highwaymen were inducted into the Florida Artists Hall of Fame.[16] Currently 8 of the 26 are deceased, including A. Hair, H. Newton, Ellis and George Buckner, A. Moran, L. Roberts, Hezekiah Baker and most recently Johnny Daniels. The full list of 26 can be found in the Florida Artists Hall of Fame, as well as various highwaymen and Florida art websites. Jerry Harris, Dogon mother and child, constructed and carved wood with found objects, laminated clay (Bondo), and wooden dowels.After the Second World War, some artists took a global approach, working and exhibiting abroad, in Paris, and as the decade wore on, relocated gradually in other welcoming cities such as Copenhagen, Amsterdam, and Stockholm: Barbara Chase-Riboud, Edward Clark, Harvey Cropper, Beauford Delaney, Herbert Gentry,[17] Bill Hutson, Clifford Jackson,[18] Sam Middleton,[19] Larry Potter, Haywood Bill Rivers, Merton Simpson, and Walter Williams.[20][21] Some African-American artists did make it into important New York galleries by the 1950s and 1960s: Horace Pippin, Romare Bearden, Jacob Lawrence, William T. Williams, Norman Lewis, Thomas Sills,[22] and Sam Gilliam were among the few who had successfully been received in a gallery setting. The Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s and 1970s led artists to capture and express the times and changes. Galleries and community art centers developed for the purpose of displaying African-American art, and collegiate teaching positions were created by and for African-American artists. Some African-American women were also active in the feminist art movement in the 1970s. Faith Ringgold made work that featured black female subjects and that addressed the conjunction of racism and sexism in the U.S., while the collective Where We At (WWA) held exhibitions exclusively featuring the artwork of African-American women.[23] By the 1980s and 1990s, hip-hop graffiti became predominate in urban communities. Most major cities had developed museums devoted to African-American artists. The National Endowment for the Arts provided increasing support for these artists. Important collections of African-American art include the Walter O. Evans Collection of African American Art, the Paul R. Jones collections at the University of Delaware and University of Alabama, the David C. Driskell Art collection, the Harmon and Harriet Kelley Collection of African American Art, the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, and the Mott-Warsh collection. Kara Walker, a contemporary American artist, is known for her exploration of race, gender, sexuality, violence and identity in her artworks. Walker's silhouette images work to bridge unfinished folklore in the Antebellum South and are reminiscent of the earlier work of Harriet Powers. Her nightmarish yet fantastical images incorporate a cinematic feel. In 2007, Walker was listed among Time Magazine's "100 Most Influential People in The World, Artists and Entertainers".[24] Textile artists are part of African-American art history. According to the 2010 Quilting in America industry survey, there are 1.6 million quilters in the United States.[25] Influential contemporary artists include Larry D. Alexander, Laylah Ali, Amalia Amaki, Emma Amos, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Dawoud Bey, Camille Billops, Mark Bradford, Edward Clark, Willie Cole, Robert Colescott, Louis Delsarte, David C. Driskell, Leonardo Drew, Mel Edwards, Ricardo Francis, Charles Gaines, Ellen Gallagher, Herbert Gentry, Sam Gilliam, David Hammons, Jerry Harris, Joseph Holston, Richard Hunt, Martha Jackson-Jarvis, Katie S. Mallory, M. Scott Johnson, Rashid Johnson, Joe Lewis, Glenn Ligon, James Little, Edward L. Loper, Sr., Alvin D. Loving, Kerry James Marshall, Eugene J. Martin, Richard Mayhew, Sam Middleton, Howard McCalebb, Charles McGill, Thaddeus Mosley, Sana Musasama, Senga Nengudi, Joe Overstreet, Martin Puryear, Adrian Piper, Howardena Pindell, Faith Ringgold, Gale Fulton Ross, Alison Saar, Betye Saar, John Solomon Sandridge, Raymond Saunders, John T. Scott, Joyce Scott, Gary Simmons, Lorna Simpson, Renee Stout, Kara Walker, Carrie Mae Weems, Stanley Whitney, William T. Williams, Jack Whitten, Fred Wilson, Richard Wyatt, Jr., Richard Yarde, and Purvis Young, Kehinde Wiley, Mickalene Thomas, Barkley Hendricks, Jeff Sonhouse, William Walker, Ellsworth Ausby, Che Baraka, Emmett Wigglesworth, Otto Neals, Dindga McCannon, Terry Dixon (artist), Frederick J. Brown, and many others. Artists Scipio Moorhead, Portrait of poet Phillis Wheatley, 1773, in the frontispiece to her book Poems on Various Subjects Edward Mitchell Bannister, Driving Home the Cows 1881 Harriet Powers, Bible quilt, mixed media, 1886 Henry Ossawa Tanner, Gateway, Tangier, 1912, oil on canvas, 18 7/16" × 15 5/16", St. Louis Art Museum Charles Alston, Again The Springboard Of Civilization, 1943 (WWII African American soldier) Larry D. Alexander,Greenville Courthouse, 1998A–BTerry Adkins (1953–2014), artist[1]Mequitta Ahuja (born 1976), painter, installation artistLarry D. Alexander (born 1953), painterLaylah Ali (born 1968), painterJules T. Allen (born 1947), photographerTina Allen (1949–2008), sculptorCharles Alston (1907–1977), painter[2][1]Amalia Amaki (born 1959), artistEmma Amos (born 1938), painter[2]Benny Andrews (1930–2006), painter[2][1]Edgar Arceneaux (born 1972), drawing artistRadcliffe Bailey (born 1968) collage, sculpture[3][4]Kyle Baker (born 1965), cartoonistMatt Baker (1921–1959), comic book artistJames Presley Ball (1825–1904), photographerAlvin Baltrop (1948-2004), photographerHenry Bannarn (1910–1965), painter[1]Edward Mitchell Bannister (1828–1901), painter[2][1]Ernie Barnes (1938–2009), neo-Mannerist artist[2]Richmond Barthé (1901–1989), sculptor[2][1]Jean-Michel Basquiat (1960–1988), painter[2]C. M. Battey (1873–1927), photographerRomare Bearden (1911–1988), painter[2][1]Arthello Beck (1941–2004), painterArthur P. Bedou (1882–1966), photographerDarrin Bell (born 1975), cartoonistMary A. Bell (1873–1941)Dawoud Bey (born 1953), photographer[2]John T. Biggers (1924–2001), muralist[2][1]Sanford Biggers (born 1970), interdisciplinaryGene Bilbrew (1923–1974), cartoonist and fetish artistMcArthur Binion (born 1946), painterRobert Blackburn (1920–2003), printmaker[2][1]Thomas BlackshearBetty Blayton (born 1937), painter, printmaker[1]Chakaia Booker (born 1953), sculptor[2]Edythe Boone (born 1938), muralistCharles Boyce (born 1949), cartoonistTina Williams Brewer, fiber artist[5]Michael Bramwell (born 1953), conceptual artistMark Bradford (born 1961)Elenora "Rukiya" Brown, doll creatorFrank J. Brown (born 1956), sculptorFrederick J. Brown (1945–2012), painter[2]Larry Poncho BrownManuelita Brown, sculptorRobert Brown (c. 1936–2007), cartoonistBeverly Buchanan (born 1940), painter, sculptor[1]Selma Burke (1900–1995), sculptor[1]Calvin Burnett (1921–2007), book illustrator[1]Pauline Powell Burns (1872–1912), painterJohn Bush (? - 1754), powder horn carverRobert Butler (1943–2014), painterC–DFrank Calloway (born 1915)E. Simms Campbell (1906–1971), cartoonist[1]Fred Carter (born 1938), cartoonistBernie Casey (born 1939), painter[1]Elizabeth Catlett (1915–2012), sculptor and printmaker[2][1]Nick Cave (born 1959), performance artistMichael Ray Charles (born 1967), painter[2]Barbara Chase-Riboud (born 1936), sculptor[1]Jamour Chames (born 1989), painterDon Hogan Charles (1938–2017), photographerClaude Clark (1915–2001), painter and printmaker[2]Edward Clark (born 1926), painterSonya Clark (born 1967), textile and multimedia artistWillie Cole (born 1955), painter[2]Robert Colescott (1925–2009), painter[2]Kennard Copeland (born 1966), ceramic sculptures [2]Eldzier Cortor (1916–2015), artist and printmaker[1]Ernest Crichlow (1914–2005), social realist artist[1]Allan Crite (1910–2007), painter[2] [1]Emilio Cruz (1938–2004), painter[2]Frank E. Cummings III (born 1938), woodworkerMichael Cummings (born 1945), textile artistUlysses Davis (1913–1990), sculptor[2]Bing Davis (born 1937), potter and graphic artist[1]Roy DeCarava (1919–2009), photographer[2]Beauford Delaney (1901–1979), painter[6]Joseph Delaney (1904–1991)[2]Louis Delsarte (born 1944), artist[1]J Rodney Dennis[7][8] painterJoseph Clinton Devillis (1878-1912), painterThornton Dial (1928–2016)[2]Terry Dixon (born 1969), painter and multimedia artistJeff Donaldson (born 1932), painter and criticAaron Douglas (1899–1979), painter[2][1]Emory Douglas (born 1943), Black Panther artistJohn E. Dowell Jr. (born 1941), printmaker, etcher, lithographer, and painterDavid C. Driskell (born 1931), artist and scholarRobert Scott Duncanson (1821–1872), Hudson River School[2][1]E–HWilliam Edmondson (1874–1951), folk art sculptor[2][1]Mel Edwards (born 1937), sculptor[2][1]Walter Ellison (1899–1977), painter[2]Minnie Evans (1892–1987), folk artist[2] [1]Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller (1877–1968), artist[2][1]Ellen Gallagher (born 1965)[2]Theaster Gates (born 1973), sculptor, ceramicist, and performance artist [Reginald K (Kevin) Gee (born 1964), painterHerbert Gentry (1919–2003), painterWilda Gerideau-Squires (born 1946), photographerRobert A. Gilbert (c. 1870-1942), nature photographer[9]Leah Gilliam (born 1967), media artist and filmmakerSam Gilliam (born 1933), painter[2] [1]Russell T. Gordon (born 1936), printmaker[2]Billy Graham (1935–1999), comic book artistLonnie Graham, photographer and installation artistDeborah Grant (born 1968), painterTodd Gray (born 1954), photographer, installation and performance artistLeamon Green (born 1959)Renee Green (born 1959), installation artist[2]Mario Gully, comic book artistTyree Guyton (born 1955)[2]Ed Hamilton (born 1947), sculptorPatrick Earl Hammie (born 1981), painterDavid Hammons (born 1943), artist[2]Trenton Doyle Hancock (born 1974)[2]Edwin Harleston (1882–1931), painterElise Forrest Harleston (1891–1970), photographerKira Lynn Harris (born 1963), multidisciplinary[10]John Wesley Hardrick (1891–1948), painter[2] [1]Jerry Harris (born 1945), sculptorLawrence Harris, painterMarren Hassenger (born 1947), sculptor, installation, performance[11]Palmer Hayden (1893–1973), painter[2][1]Barkley Hendricks (1945–2017), painterGeorge Herriman (1880–1944), cartoonist[2]Alvin Hollingsworth (1928–2000), illustrator, painterWilliam Howard (active 19th century), American woodworker and craftsmanBryce Hudson (born 1979), painter, sculptor[2]Julien Hudson (1811–1844), painter, sculptor[2]David Huffman (born 1963), painter[12]Richard Hunt (born 1935), sculptor[2][1]Clementine Hunter (1886/7–1988), folk artist[2][1]J–OSteffani Jemison (born 1981), performance artist, video artistWadsworth Jarrell (born 1929), painter, sculptorAnnette P. Jimerson (born 1966), painterJoshua Johnson (c.1763–c.1824), portrait painter and folk artist[2][1]Malvin Gray Johnson (1896–1934), painter[1]Rashid Johnson (born 1977), conceptual artistSargent Johnson (1888–1967), sculptor[2] [1]William H. Johnson (1902–1970)[2][1]Calvin B. Jones (1934–2010), painter, muralistJennie C. Jones (born 1968), multidisciplinaryLois Mailou Jones (1905–1998), painter[2][1]Titus Kaphar (born 1976), painter[13]Gwendolyn Knight (1914–2005), artist[1]Jacob Lawrence (1917–2000), painter[2][1]Deana Lawson (born 1979), photographer[14]Hughie Lee-Smith (1915–1999), artist[2][1]Edmonia Lewis (c. 1843–1879), artist[2][1]Norman Lewis (1909–1979), painter[2][1]Glenn Ligon (born 1960), painter[2]Llanakila, artist, painter, digital illustrator, and digital artistEdward L. Loper, Sr. (1916–2011), painterWhitfield Lovell (born 1960), artistAlvin D. Loving (1935-2005) artistGwendolyn Ann Magee (1943–2011), artist, quilter[15]Clarence Major (born 1936), painterKerry James Marshall (born 1955), painter[2]Eugene J. Martin (1938–2005), painterRichard Mayhew (born 1934), Afro-Native American, landscape painter[16]Valerie Maynard (born 1937), sculptor, printmaker, painterEaly Mays (born 1959), painterHoward McCalebb (born 1947), artistCorky McCoy, illustratorCharles McGee, (born 1924) painterCharles McGill (born 1964), artist, educatorJulie Mehretu (born 1970), painter, printmakerNicole Miller (born 1982), video artistDean Mitchell (born 1957), painterScipio Moorhead (active 1770s), painter[1]Archibald Motley (1891–1981), painter[2][1]Gus Nall (1919-1995), painterHarold Newton (1934–1994), artistLorraine O'Grady (born 1934), conceptual artistTurtel Onli (born 1952), cartoonistJackie Ormes (1911–1985), cartoonistJohn Outterbridge (born 1933), assemblage artist[2][1]Joe Overstreet (born 1933), artist[1]P–SGordon Parks (1912–2006), photographer, director[2][1]Cecelia Pedescleaux (born 1945), quilterDelilah Pierce (1904–1992), artistEarle M. Pilgrim (1923–1976), artistHowardena Pindell (born 1943), painter[2]Jerry Pinkney (born 1939), illustrator[2]Adrian Piper (born 1948), conceptual artist[2]Rose Piper (1917–2005), painter and textile designer[17]Horace Pippin (1888–1946), painter[2][1]Rae Pleasant (born 1985), illustrator[18][19]P. H. Polk (1898–1984), photographerCarl Robert Pope (born 1961), photographer[2]William Pope.L (born 1955) conceptual artistHarriet Powers (1837–1910), folk artist[2]Martin Puryear (born 1941), sculptor[2][1]Patrick H. Reason (1816–1898)Earle Wilton Richardson (1912–1935), artist[1]Faith Ringgold (born 1930), painter[2][1]Haywood Rivers (1922–2001), painterArthur Rose Sr. (1921–1995), multidisciplinaryBayeté Ross Smith (born 1976), photographerAlison Saar (born 1956), artist[2][1]Betye Saar (born 1926), artist[2][1]Charles Sallee (1923–2006), painter[2][20]Reginald Sanders (1921–2001), visual artistRaymond Saunders, painter[1]Augusta Savage (1892–1962), sculptor[2][1]John T. Scott (1940–2007), artistJoyce J. Scott (born 1948), sculptor[2]Lorenzo Scott (born 1934), painterWilliam Edouard Scott (1884–1964), painter[2][1]Charles Sebree (1914–1985), painter[2][1]Ed Sherman (born 1945), photographerThomas Sills (1914–2000), painterGary Simmons (born 1964), artistLorna Simpson (born 1960), artist[2]Merton Simpson (1928–2013), painterWilliam Simpson (1818–1872), portrait painter[1]Cauleen Smith (born 1967), filmmakerLeslie Smith III (born 1985), painterVincent D. Smith (1929–2003), painter and printmaker[21][22]Gilda Snowden (1954–2014)[2]Mitchell Squire (born 1958), American installation artist, sculptor and performance artistRaymond Steth (1916–1997)[2]Renee Stout (born 1958), artist[2]Martine Syms (born 1988), artistT–ZHenry Ossawa Tanner (1859–1937), artist[2][1]Margaret Taylor-Burroughs (1915–2010)[2][1]Alma Thomas (1891–1978), painter[2] [1]Hank Willis Thomas (born 1976), photographerMickalene Thomas (born 1971), painter and installation artistBob Thompson (1937–1966), painter[2][1]Mildred Thompson (1935–2003), abstract painter, printmaker and sculptorDox Thrash (1892–1962), printmaker, sculptor[2] [1]Bill Traylor (1856–1949)[2][1]Henry Taylor (born 1958) painterMorrie Turner (1923–2014), cartoonistJames Van Der Zee (1886–1983), photographer[2] [1]Kara Walker (born 1969), artist[2] [1]William Walker (1927–2011), Chicago muralistLaura Wheeler Waring (1887–1948), painter[2][1]E. M. Washington (born 1962), printmaker and counterfeiterJames W. Washington, Jr. (1908–2000), painter and sculptor[1]Carrie Mae Weems (born 1953), photographer[2]Pheoris WestCharles Wilbert White (1918–1979), muralist[2][1]Jack Whitten (1939-2018), painterKehinde Wiley (born 1977), painterGerald Williams (artist) (Born 1941) painterWilliam T. Williams (born 1942), painter[1]Deborah Willis (born 1948), photographerEllis Wilson (1899–1977), painter[2][1]Fred Wilson (born 1954), conceptual artistJohn Woodrow Wilson (1922–2015), sculptor[2][1]Beulah Woodard (1895–1955), sculptorHale Woodruff (1900–1980), painter[2][1]Richard Wyatt, Jr., (born 1955), painter, muralistRichard Yarde (1939–2011), watercoloristJoseph Yoakum (1890–1972), self-taught landscape artistPurvis Young (1943–2010), artistArtist groupsThe HighwaymenAfriCOBRAWhere We AtNational Conference of ArtistsSpiral (arts alliance) African-American topicsAfrican AmericaHistory (timeline)[show]Culture[show]Religion[show]Political movements[show]Civic / economic groups[show]Sports[show]Ethnic subdivisions[show]Languages[show]Diaspora[show]Lists[show]Category: African-American societyAmericaAfrica.svg African American portalvte This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (June 2007) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)The Black Arts Movement, Black Aesthetics Movement or BAM is the artistic outgrowth of the Black Power movement that was prominent in the 1960s and early 1970s.[1][2][3] Time magazine describes the Black Arts Movement as the "single most controversial movement in the history of African-American literature – possibly in American literature as a whole."[4] The Black Arts Repertory Theatre/School (BARTS), founded in Harlem in 1965 by LeRoi Jones (later known as Amiri Baraka) is a key institution of the Black Arts Movement.[5] Contents1Overview1.1Influence2History2.1Authors2.2Locations3The Black Aesthetic4Major works4.1Black Art4.2"The Revolutionary Theatre"5Effects on society6Associated writers and thinkers7Related exhibitions and conferences8See also9References10External linksOverviewThe movement has been seen as one of the most important times in African-American literature. It inspired black people to establish their own publishing houses, magazines, journals and art institutions. It led to the creation of African-American Studies programs within universities.[6] The movement was triggered by the assassination of Malcolm X.[7] Among the well-known writers who were involved with the movement are Nikki Giovanni, Sonia Sanchez, Maya Angelou, Hoyt W. Fuller, and Rosa Guy.[8][9] Although not strictly part of the Movement, other notable African-American writers such as novelists Toni Morrison and Ishmael Reed share some of its artistic and thematic concerns. Although Reed is neither a movement apologist nor advocate, he said: I think what Black Arts did was inspire a whole lot of Black people to write. Moreover, there would be no multiculturalism movement without Black Arts. Latinos, Asian Americans, and others all say they began writing as a result of the example of the 1960s. Blacks gave the example that you don't have to assimilate. You could do your own thing, get into your own background, your own history, your own tradition and your own culture. I think the challenge is for cultural sovereignty and Black Arts struck a blow for that.[10] BAM influenced the world of literature with the portrayal of different ethnic voices. Before the movement, the literary canon lacked diversity, and the ability to express ideas from the point of view of racial and ethnic minorities, which was not valued by the mainstream at the time. InfluenceTheatre groups, poetry performances, music and dance were centered on this movement, and therefore African Americans gained social and historical recognition in the area of literature and arts. Due to the agency and credibility given, African Americans were also able to educate others through different types of expressions and media outlets about cultural differences. The most common form of teaching was through poetry reading. African-American performances were used for their own political advertisement, organization, and community issues. The Black Arts Movement was spread by the use of newspaper advertisements.[11] The first major arts movement publication was in 1964. "No one was more competent in [the] combination of the experimental and the vernacular than Amiri Baraka, whose volume Black Magic Poetry 1961–1967 (1969) is one of the finest products of the African-American creative energies of the 1960s."[4] HistoryThe beginnings of the Black Arts Movement may be traced to 1965, when Amiri Baraka, at that time still known as Leroi Jones, moved uptown to establish the Black Arts Repertory Theatre/School (BARTS) following the assassination of Malcolm X.[4] Rooted in the Nation of Islam, the Black Power Movement and the Civil Rights Movement, the Black Arts Movement grew out of a changing political and cultural climate in which Black artists attempted to create politically engaged work that explored the African American cultural and historical experience.[4] Black artists and intellectuals such as Baraka made it their project to reject older political, cultural, and artistic traditions.[12] Although the success of sit-ins and public demonstrations of the Black student movement in the 1960s may have "inspired black intellectuals, artists, and political activists to form politicized cultural groups,"[12] many Black Arts activists rejected the non-militant integrational ideologies of the Civil Rights Movement and instead favored those of the Black Liberation Struggle, which emphasized "self-determination through self-reliance and Black control of significant businesses, organization, agencies, and institutions."[13] According to the Academy of American Poets, "African American artists within the movement sought to create politically engaged work that explored the African American cultural and historical experience." The importance that the movement placed on Black autonomy is apparent through the creation of institutions such as the Black Arts Repertoire Theatre School (BARTS), created in the spring of 1964 by Baraka and other Black artists. The opening of BARTS in New York City often overshadow the growth of other radical Black Arts groups and institutions all over the United States. In fact, transgressional and international networks, those of various Left and nationalist (and Left nationalist) groups and their supports, existed far before the movement gained popularity.[12] Although the creation of BARTS did indeed catalyze the spread of other Black Arts institutions and the Black Arts movement across the nation, it was not solely responsible for the growth of the movement. Although the Black Arts Movement was a time filled with black success and artistic progress, the movement also faced social and racial ridicule. The leaders and artists involved called for Black Art to define itself and speak for itself from the security of its own institutions. For many of the contemporaries the idea that somehow black people could express themselves through institutions of their own creation and with ideas whose validity was confirmed by their own interests and measures was absurd.[14] While it is easy to assume that the movement began solely in the Northeast, it actually started out as "separate and distinct local initiatives across a wide geographic area," eventually coming together to form the broader national movement.[12] New York City is often referred to as the "birthplace" of the Black Arts Movement, because it was home to many revolutionary Black artists and activists. However, the geographical diversity of the movement opposes the misconception that New York (and Harlem, especially) was the primary site of the movement.[12] In its beginning states, the movement came together largely through printed media. Journals such as Liberator, The Crusader, and Freedomways created "a national community in which ideology and aesthetics were debated and a wide range of approaches to African-American artistic style and subject displayed."[12] These publications tied communities outside of large Black Arts centers to the movement and gave the general black public access to these sometimes exclusive circles. As a literary movement, Black Arts had its roots in groups such as the Umbra Workshop. Umbra (1962) was a collective of young Black writers based in Manhattan's Lower East Side; major members were writers Steve Cannon,[15] Tom Dent, Al Haynes, David Henderson, Calvin C. Hernton, Joe Johnson, Norman Pritchard, Lennox Raphael, Ishmael Reed, Lorenzo Thomas, James Thompson, Askia M. Touré (Roland Snellings; also a visual artist), Brenda Walcott, and musician-writer Archie Shepp. Touré, a major shaper of "cultural nationalism," directly influenced Jones. Along with Umbra writer Charles Patterson and Charles's brother, William Patterson, Touré joined Jones, Steve Young, and others at BARTS. Umbra, which produced Umbra Magazine, was the first post-civil rights Black literary group to make an impact as radical in the sense of establishing their own voice distinct from, and sometimes at odds with, the prevailing white literary establishment. The attempt to merge a black-oriented activist thrust with a primarily artistic orientation produced a classic split in Umbra between those who wanted to be activists and those who thought of themselves as primarily writers, though to some extent all members shared both views. Black writers have always had to face the issue of whether their work was primarily political or aesthetic. Moreover, Umbra itself had evolved out of similar circumstances: in 1960 a Black nationalist literary organization, On Guard for Freedom, had been founded on the Lower East Side by Calvin Hicks. Its members included Nannie and Walter Bowe, Harold Cruse (who was then working on The Crisis of the Negro Intellectual, 1967), Tom Dent, Rosa Guy, Joe Johnson, LeRoi Jones, and Sarah E. Wright, among others. On Guard was active in a famous protest at the United Nations of the American-sponsored Bay of Pigs Cuban invasion and was active in support of the Congolese liberation leader Patrice Lumumba. From On Guard, Dent, Johnson, and Walcott along with Hernton, Henderson, and Touré established Umbra. AuthorsAnother formation of black writers at that time was the Harlem Writers Guild, led by John O. Killens, which included Maya Angelou, Jean Carey Bond, Rosa Guy, and Sarah Wright among others. But the Harlem Writers Guild focused on prose, primarily fiction, which did not have the mass appeal of poetry performed in the dynamic vernacular of the time. Poems could be built around anthems, chants, and political slogans, and thereby used in organizing work, which was not generally the case with novels and short stories. Moreover, the poets could and did publish themselves, whereas greater resources were needed to publish fiction. That Umbra was primarily poetry- and performance-oriented established a significant and classic characteristic of the movement's aesthetics. When Umbra split up, some members, led by Askia Touré and Al Haynes, moved to Harlem in late 1964 and formed the nationalist-oriented Uptown Writers Movement, which included poets Yusef Rahman, Keorapetse "Willie" Kgositsile from South Africa, and Larry Neal. Accompanied by young "New Music" musicians, they performed poetry all over Harlem. Members of this group joined LeRoi Jones in founding BARTS. Jones's move to Harlem was short-lived. In December 1965 he returned to his home, Newark (N.J.), and left BARTS in serious disarray. BARTS failed but the Black Arts center concept was irrepressible, mainly because the Black Arts movement was so closely aligned with the then-burgeoning Black Power movement. The mid-to-late 1960s was a period of intense revolutionary ferment. Beginning in 1964, rebellions in Harlem and Rochester, New York, initiated four years of long hot summers. Watts, Detroit, Newark, Cleveland, and many other cities went up in flames, culminating in nationwide explosions of resentment and anger following Martin Luther King, Jr.'s April 1968 assassination. Nathan Hare, author of The Black Anglo-Saxons (1965), was the founder of 1960s Black Studies. Expelled from Howard University, Hare moved to San Francisco State University, where the battle to establish a Black Studies department was waged during a five-month strike during the 1968–69 school year. As with the establishment of Black Arts, which included a range of forces, there was broad activity in the Bay Area around Black Studies, including efforts led by poet and professor Sarah Webster Fabio at Merrit College. The initial thrust of Black Arts ideological development came from the Revolutionary Action Movement (RAM), a national organization with a strong presence in New York City. Both Touré and Neal were members of RAM. After RAM, the major ideological force shaping the Black Arts movement was the US (as opposed to "them") organization led by Maulana Karenga. Also ideologically important was Elijah Muhammad's Chicago-based Nation of Islam. These three formations provided both style and conceptual direction for Black Arts artists, including those who were not members of these or any other political organization. Although the Black Arts Movement is often considered a New York-based movement, two of its three major forces were located outside New York City. LocationsAs the movement matured, the two major locations of Black Arts' ideological leadership, particularly for literary work, were California's Bay Area because of the Journal of Black Poetry and The Black Scholar, and the Chicago–Detroit axis because of Negro Digest/Black World and Third World Press in Chicago, and Broadside Press and Naomi Long Madgett's Lotus Press in Detroit. The only major Black Arts literary publications to come out of New York were the short-lived (six issues between 1969 and 1972) Black Theatre magazine, published by the New Lafayette Theatre, and Black Dialogue, which had actually started in San Francisco (1964–68) and relocated to New York (1969–72). Although the journals and writing of the movement greatly characterized its success, the movement placed a great deal of importance on collective oral and performance art. Public collective performances drew a lot of attention to the movement, and it was often easier to get an immediate response from a collective poetry reading, short play, or street performance than it was from individual performances.[12] The people involved in the Black Arts Movement used the arts as a way to liberate themselves. The movement served as a catalyst for many different ideas and cultures to come alive. This was a chance for African Americans to express themselves in a way that most would not have expected. In 1967 LeRoi Jones visited Karenga in Los Angeles and became an advocate of Karenga's philosophy of Kawaida. Kawaida, which produced the "Nguzo Saba" (seven principles), Kwanzaa, and an emphasis on African names, was a multifaceted, categorized activist philosophy. Jones also met Bobby Seale and Eldridge Cleaver and worked with a number of the founding members of the Black Panthers. Additionally, Askia Touré was a visiting professor at San Francisco State and was to become a leading (and long-lasting) poet as well as, arguably, the most influential poet-professor in the Black Arts movement. Playwright Ed Bullins and poet Marvin X had established Black Arts West, and Dingane Joe Goncalves had founded the Journal of Black Poetry (1966). This grouping of Ed Bullins, Dingane Joe Goncalves, LeRoi Jones, Sonia Sanchez, Askia M. Touré, and Marvin X became a major nucleus of Black Arts leadership.[16] As the movement grew, ideological conflicts arose and eventually became too great for the movement to continue to exist as a large, coherent collective. The Black AestheticMany discussions of the Black Arts movement posit it as the "aesthetic and spiritual sister of the Black Power concept."[17] The Black Aesthetic refers to ideologies and perspectives of art that center on Black culture and life. This Black Aesthetic encouraged the idea of Black separatism, and in trying to facilitate this, hoped to further strengthen black ideals, solidarity, and creativity.[18] In his well-known essay on the Black Arts Movement, Larry Neal attests: "When we speak of a 'Black aesthetic' several things are meant. First, we assume that there is already in existence the basis for such an aesthetic. Essentially, it consists of an African-American cultural tradition. But this aesthetic is finally, by implication, broader than that tradition. It encompasses most of the usable elements of the Third World culture. The motive behind the Black aesthetic is the destruction of the white thing, the destruction of white ideas, and white ways of looking at the world."[17] Major worksBlack ArtAmiri Baraka's poem "Black Art" serves as one of his most controversial, yet poetically profound supplements to the Black Arts Movement. In this piece, Baraka merges politics with art, criticizing poems that are not useful to or adequately representative of the Black struggle. First published in 1966, a period particularly known for the Civil Rights Movement, the political aspect of this piece underscores the need for a concrete and artistic approach to the realistic nature involving racism and injustice. Serving as the recognized artistic component to and having roots in the Civil Rights Movement, the Black Arts Movement aims to grant a political voice to black artists (including poets, dramatists, writers, musicians, etc.). Playing a vital role in this movement, Baraka calls out what he considers to be unproductive and assimilatory actions shown by political leaders during the Civil Rights Movement. He describes prominent Black leaders as being "on the steps of the white house...kneeling between the sheriff's thighs negotiating coolly for his people."[19] Baraka also presents issues of euro-centric mentality, by referring to Elizabeth Taylor as a prototypical model in a society that influences perceptions of beauty, emphasizing its influence on individuals of white and black ancestry.[19] Baraka aims his message toward the Black community, with the purpose of coalescing African Americans into a unified movement, devoid of white influences. "Black Art" serves as a medium for expression meant to strengthen that solidarity and creativity, in terms of the Black Aesthetic. Baraka believes poems should "shoot…come at you, love what you are" and not succumb to mainstream desires.[19] He ties this approach into the emergence of hip-hop, which he paints as a movement that presents "live words…and live flesh and coursing blood."[19] Baraka's cathartic structure and aggressive tone are comparable to the beginnings of hip-hop music, which created controversy in the realm of mainstream acceptance, because of its "authentic, un-distilled, unmediated forms of contemporary black urban music."[20] Baraka believes that integration inherently takes away from the legitimacy of having a Black identity and Aesthetic in an anti-Black world. Through pure and unapologetic blackness, and with the absence of white influences, Baraka believes a black world can be achieved. Though hip-hop has been serving as a recognized salient musical form of the Black Aesthetic, a history of unproductive integration is seen across the spectrum of music, beginning with the emergence of a newly formed narrative in mainstream appeal in the 1950s. Much of Baraka's cynical disillusionment with unproductive integration can be drawn from the 50s, a period of rock and roll, in which "record labels actively sought to have white artists "cover" songs that were popular on the rhythm-and-blues charts"[20] originally performed by African-American artists. The problematic nature of unproductive integration is also exemplified by Run-DMC, an American hip-hop group founded in 1981, who became widely accepted after a calculated collaboration with the rock group Aerosmith on a remake of the latter's "Walk This Way" took place in 1986, evidently appealing to young white audiences.[20] Hip-hop emerged as an evolving genre of music that continuously challenged mainstream acceptance, most notably with the development of rap in the 1990s. A significant and modern example of this is Ice Cube, a well-known American rapper, songwriter, and actor, who introduced subgenre of hip-hop known as "gangsta rap," merged social consciousness and political expression with music. With the 1960s serving as a more blatantly racist period of time, Baraka notes the revolutionary nature of hip-hop, grounded in the unmodified expression through art. This method of expression in music parallels significantly with Baraka's ideals presented in "Black Art," focusing on poetry that is also productively and politically driven. "The Revolutionary Theatre""The Revolutionary Theatre" is a 1965 essay by Baraka that was an important contribution to the Black Arts Movement, discussing the need for change through literature and theater arts. He says: "We will scream and cry, murder, run through the streets in agony, if it means some soul will be moved, moved to actual life understanding of what the world is, and what it ought to be." Baraka wrote his poetry, drama, fiction and essays in a way that would shock and awaken audiences to the political concerns of black Americans, which says much about what he was doing with this essay.[21] It also did not seem coincidental to him that Malcolm X and John F. Kennedy had been assassinated within a few years, since Baraka believed that every voice of change in America had been murdered, which led to the writing that would come out of the Black Arts Movement. In his essay, Baraka says: "The Revolutionary Theatre is shaped by the world, and moves to reshape the world, using as its force the natural force and perpetual vibrations of the mind in the world. We are history and desire, what we are, and what any experience can make us." With his thought-provoking ideals and references to a euro-centric society, he imposes the notion that black Americans should stray from a white aesthetic in order to find a black identity. In his essay, he says: "The popular white man's theatre like the popular white man's novel shows tired white lives, and the problems of eating white sugar, or else it herds bigcaboosed blondes onto huge stages in rhinestones and makes believe they are dancing or singing." This, having much to do with a white aesthetic, further proves what was popular in society and even what society had as an example of what everyone should aspire to be, like the "bigcaboosed blondes" that went "onto huge stages in rhinestones". Furthermore, these blondes made believe they were "dancing and singing" which Baraka seems to be implying that white people dancing is not what dancing is supposed to be at all. These allusions bring forth the question of where black Americans fit in the public eye. Baraka says: "We are preaching virtue and feeling, and a natural sense of the self in the world. All men live in the world, and the world ought to be a place for them to live." Baraka's essay challenges the idea that there is no space in politics or in society for black Americans to make a difference through different art forms that consist of, but are not limited to, poetry, song, dance, and art. Effects on societyAccording to the Academy of American Poets, "many writers--Native Americans, Latinos/as, gays and lesbians, and younger generations of African Americans have acknowledged their debt to the Black Arts Movement."[4] The movement lasted for about a decade, through the mid-1960s and into the 1970s. This was a period of controversy and change in the world of literature. One major change came through in the portrayal of new ethnic voices in the United States. English-language literature, prior to the Black Arts Movement, was dominated by white authors.[22] African Americans became a greater presence not only in the field of literature but in all areas of the arts. Theater groups, poetry performances, music and dance were central to the movement. Through different forms of media, African Americans were able to educate others about the expression of cultural differences and viewpoints. In particular, black poetry readings allowed African Americans to use vernacular dialogues. This was shown in the Harlem Writers Guild, which included black writers such as Maya Angelou and Rosa Guy. These performances were used to express political slogans and as a tool for organization. Theater performances also were used to convey community issues and organizations. The theaters, as well as cultural centers, were based throughout America and were used for community meetings, study groups and film screenings. Newspapers were a major tool in spreading the Black Arts Movement. In 1964, Black Dialogue was published, making it the first major Arts movement publication. The Black Arts Movement, although short, is essential to the history of the United States. It spurred political activism and use of speech throughout every African-American community. It allowed African Americans the chance to express their voices in the mass media as well as become involved in communities. It can be argued that "the Black Arts movement produced some of the most exciting poetry, drama, dance, music, visual art, and fiction of the post-World War II United States" and that many important "post-Black artists" such as Toni Morrison, Ntozake Shange, Alice Walker, and August Wilson were shaped by the movement.[12] The Black Arts Movement also provided incentives for public funding of the arts and increased public support of various arts initiatives.[12] Associated writers and thinkersDon EvansMari EvansSarah Webster FabioHoyt W. FullerNikki GiovanniRosa GuyHarlem Writers GuildDavid HendersonAudre LordeDudley RandallSonia SanchezRelated exhibitions and conferencesThe Arts Council of England's (ACE) Decibel initiative produced a summary in 2003 in association with The Guardian newspaper.[23][24] An international exhibition, Back to Black — Art, Cinema and the Racial Imaginary, was held at the Whitechapel Gallery in 2005.[25] A 2006 major conference Should Black Art Still Be Beautiful?, organized by OOM Gallery and Midwest, examined the development of contemporary Black cultural practice and its future in Britain. On April 1, 2006, New Art Gallery, Walsall, UK, held a conference in honour of the late Donald Rodney. Gallery 32 and Its Circle, a 2009 art exhibition hosted at Loyola Mount University's Laband Art Gallery,[26] featured artwork displayed the eponymous gallery, which featured black artists in the Los Angeles area and played an integral role in the Black Arts movement in the area.[27] A recently redeveloped African and Asian Visual Arts Archive is located at the University of East London (UEL).[28]While African American art of the 18th and 19th centuries continued to reflect African artistic traditions, the earliest fine art made by professional African American artists was in an academic Western style. Among the leading black sculptors of the 19th century were Eugene Warbourg and Mary Edmonia Lewis, the first professional African American sculptor. The most distinguished African American artist who worked in the 19th century was Henry Ossawa Tanner, who painted African American genre subjects and reflects the realist tradition. In the early 20th century, the most important aesthetic movement in African American art was the Harlem Renaissance or the ‘New Negro’ movement of the 1920s. The Harlem district of New York became the ‘cultural capital of black America’. Practicing in New York, Stuart Davis was heavily influenced by African American culture and jazz music, though he was not an African American. Aaron Douglas consciously incorporated African imagery into his work. The most important African American photographer of that period was James Van Der Zee, who photographed people and scenes in Harlem for more than 50 years. During and immediately after World War II there arose to prominence a new school of African American artists, many of whom were the so-called ‘children of the Harlem Renaissance’. During the 1950s African American art was dominated by Abstract Expressionism and realism; their significant practitioners included Charles Alston, Romare Bearden and James Wells. In the 1960s and 1970s new classifications appeared in African American art based on continuing developments in abstract art and the rise of the figurative style known as Black Expressionism. The most prominent African American abstract painter was Sam Gilliam, based in Washington, DC. Martin Puryear emerged during the 1980s as a leading African American abstract sculptor. In the 1980s African American art was the subject of a number of pioneering exhibitions, such as Black Art—Ancestral Legacy: The African Impulse in African American Art (Dallas Museum of Art, 1989), that brought together the works of African, Caribbean and African American academic and folk artists. Today’s artists, such as Kara Walker and Fred Wilson, continue to grapple with the complex issues of African American history and identity in contemporary visual art. Size: Medium (up to 36in.), Artist: ALLAN ROHAN CRITE, Listed By: Dealer or Reseller, Medium: Pencil, Graphite, Features: Signed, Width (Inches): 15, Originality: Original, Height (Inches): 12

notselfy.org Insights notselfy.org Exclusive
  •  Popularity - 21 views, 21.0 views per day, 1 day on eBay. High amount of views. 0 sold, 1 available.
  •  Price -
  •  Seller - 554+ items sold. 0% negative feedback. Great seller with very good positive feedback and over 50 ratings.
Similar Items
SitemapPlay Movie | Bürorechner Taschenrechner 8 Stellige Solar Batterie Tasche Rechner Tisch | Tank Top